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Onxol (Paclitaxel) - Summary

 
 



WARNING

ONXOL® (paclitaxel) Injection should be administered under the supervision of a physician experienced in the use of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Appropriate management of complications is possible only when adequate diagnostic and treatment facilities are readily available.

Anaphylaxis and severe hypersensitivity reactions characterized by dyspnea and hypotension requiring treatment, angioedema, and generalized urticaria have occurred in 2-4% of patients receiving paclitaxel in clinical trials. Fatal reactions have occurred in patients despite premedication. All patients should be pretreated with corticosteroids, diphenhydramine, and H2 antagonists. (See “ DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ” section). Patients who experience severe hypersensitivity reactions to paclitaxel should not be rechallenged with the drug.

ONXOL therapy should not be given to patients with solid tumors who have baseline neutrophil counts of less than 1,500 cells/mm3 and should not be given to patients with AIDS-related Kaposi’s sarcoma if the baseline neutrophil count is less than 1,000 cells/mm3. In order to monitor the occurrence of bone marrow suppression, primarily neutropenia, which may be severe and result in infection, it is recommended that frequent peripheral blood cell counts be performed on all patients receiving ONXOL.

 

ONXOL SUMMARY

ONXOL®
(paclitaxel) Injection
Rx only

ONXOL® (paclitaxel) Injection is a clear colorless to slightly yellow viscous solution. It is supplied as a nonaqueous solution intended for dilution with a suitable parenteral fluid prior to intravenous infusion.

ONXOL is indicated as subsequent therapy for the treatment of advanced carcinoma of the ovary.

ONXOL is indicated for the treatment of breast cancer after failure of combination chemotherapy for metastatic disease or relapse within 6 months of adjuvant chemotherapy. Prior therapy should have included an anthracycline unless clinically contraindicated.


See all Onxol indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Media Articles Related to Onxol (Paclitaxel)

Study shows superior activity for nab-paclitaxel vs paclitxel in early breast cancer
Source: Breast Cancer News From Medical News Today [2014.12.15]
The German Breast Group (GBG) said nab-paclitaxel (ABRAXANE®) demonstrated significant benefit for patients with early high risk breast cancer when compared to conventional solvent-based...

Test of Two Taxanes Shows Clear Winner in Breast Cancer
Source: MedPage Today Oncology/Hematology [2014.12.14]
(MedPage Today) -- Nab-paclitaxel neoadjuvant therapy led to higher response rate for early-stage disease.

Cardionovum begins clinical study of APERTO® Drug Coated Balloon (DCB), for long-term prevention of shunt restenosis in hemodialysis patients
Source: Urology / Nephrology News From Medical News Today [2014.12.08]
Cardionovum GmbH has announced that it has initiated a 150-patient clinical study of its novel paclitaxel-releasing, high-pressure shunt balloon dilatation catheter, APERTO®.

more news >>

Published Studies Related to Onxol (Paclitaxel)

Randomized, phase II, placebo-controlled, double-blind study with and without enzastaurin in combination with paclitaxel and carboplatin as first-line treatment followed by maintenance treatment in advanced ovarian cancer. [2013]
diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer... CONCLUSION: The PCE combination increased PFS, but it was not significantly

Randomized trial of lapatinib versus placebo added to paclitaxel in the treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-overexpressing metastatic breast cancer. [2013]
in patients with HER2-overexpressing metastatic breast cancer (MBC)... CONCLUSION: This trial demonstrated that lapatinib combined with paclitaxel

Final results of phase III SYMMETRY study: randomized, double-blind trial of elesclomol plus paclitaxel versus paclitaxel alone as treatment for chemotherapy-naive patients with advanced melanoma. [2013]
with advanced melanoma... CONCLUSION: The addition of elesclomol to paclitaxel did not significantly

Phase III trial of carboplatin and paclitaxel with or without sorafenib in metastatic melanoma. [2013]
metastatic melanoma... CONCLUSION: Sorafenib does not improve OS when given in combination with CP for

A Phase II, randomized, double-blind study of zibotentan (ZD4054) in combination with carboplatin/paclitaxel versus placebo in combination with carboplatin/paclitaxel in patients with advanced ovarian cancer sensitive to platinum-based chemotherapy (AGO-OVAR 2.14). [2013]
xenograft models of human ovarian cancer... CONCLUSIONS: Zibotentan 10mg/day plus carboplatin and paclitaxel did not result

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Onxol (Paclitaxel)

Comparison of Liposome Entrapped Paclitaxel Easy to Use (LEP-ETU) and Taxol® Pharmacokinetics in Patients With Advanced Cancer [Active, not recruiting]
In this study, Liposome Entrapped Paclitaxel Easy to Use (LEP-ETU) is being compared to Taxol® to examine whether the paclitaxel in these 2 formulations undergoes similar processing by the body. Safety and tolerability of LEP-ETU and Taxol will also be assessed. In this study, each patient will receive one intravenous infusion of LEP-ETU or Taxol, followed 3 weeks later by an infusion of the other drug, at the same dose and infusion duration. Multiple blood samples will be taken for analysis before, during, and after both drug infusions. Upon completing these 2 Cycles of treatment, eligible patients may enroll in an extension study (LEP-ETU-102B) to continue treatment with LEP-ETU.

LEP-ETU is a liposomal formulation of paclitaxel, a widely used anti-cancer drug. This LEP-ETU formulation of paclitaxel is being developed to potentially reduce toxicities associated with Taxol, by eliminating the drug formulation component polyoxyethylated castor oil (Cremophor® EL). In LEP-ETU, paclitaxel is associated with liposomes, which are microscopic membrane-like structures created from lipids (fats). Thus, the LEP-ETU formulation could potentially have reduced toxicity, while maintaining or enhancing efficacy.

Use of Nanoparticle Paclitaxel (ABI-007) for the Prevention of In-Stent Restenosis [Active, not recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of systemic intracoronary administration of albumin-bound paclitaxel, ABI-007, for the prevention and reduction of restenosis following de novo stenting or following angioplasty for in-stent restenosis.

Study of Dose-Dense Adriamycin Plus Cytoxan (AC) Followed by Either Abraxane or Taxol With Bevacizumab as Adjuvant Therapy for Patients With Breast Cancer [Active, not recruiting]
The primary objective of this study is to compare the safety of dose-dense Abraxane 260 mg/m^2 or Taxol 175 mg/m^2 given every 2 weeks following dose-dense AC chemotherapy. Bevacizumab will be administered at 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks throughout chemotherapy, and then at 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks following chemotherapy.

Trial of Combination ABI-007, Carboplatin, and Gemcitabine for First Line Treatment of Advanced Urothelial Cancer [Recruiting]
This study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination of ABI-007, carboplatin and gemcitabine in the treatment of patients with advanced bladder cancer.

Study participants will have been diagnosed with advanced bladder cancer. Cisplatin based chemotherapy in this setting has activity but is not curative. Furthermore, patients with this disease have comorbidities that limit the use of cisplatin based therapy. Combination paclitaxel, carboplatin and gemcitabine is active and well tolerated in this patient population.

Paclitaxel is formulated with ethanol and a Cremophor EL (polyoxyethylated castor oil) which contribute to the side effects associated with paclitaxel. ABI-007 (brand name Abraxaneâ„¢) is a form of paclitaxel that does not contain these additives and may deliver more drug to tumor cells. ABI-007 is approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the treatment of metastatic (advanced) breast cancer based on superior anticancer effect, and is being evaluated in other cancers in research studies.

Paclitaxel and ABI-007 in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors [Active, not recruiting]
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel and ABI-007, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining paclitaxel with ABI-007 may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase I trial to study the effectiveness of combining paclitaxel with ABI-007 in treating patients who have locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors.

more trials >>


Page last updated: 2014-12-15

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