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Nortriptyline (Nortriptyline Hydrochloride) - Summary



Antidepressants increased the risk compared to placebo of suicidal thinking and behavior (suicidality) in children, adolescents, and young adults in short-term studies of major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders. Anyone considering the use of nortriptyline hydrochloride or any other antidepressant in a child, adolescent, or young adult must balance this risk with the clinical need. Short-term studies did not show an increase in the risk of suicidality with antidepressants compared to placebo in adults beyond age 24; there was a reduction in risk with antidepressants compared to placebo in adults aged 65 and older. Depression and certain other psychiatric disorders are themselves associated with increases in the risk of suicide. Patients of all ages who are started on antidepressant therapy should be monitored appropriately and observed closely for clinical worsening, suicidality, or unusual changes in behavior. Families and caregivers should be advised of the need for close observation and communication with the prescriber. Nortriptyline hydrochloride is not approved for use in pediatric patients. (See WARNINGS: Clinical Worsening and Suicide Risk , PRECAUTIONS: Information for Patients ; and PRECAUTIONS, Pediatric Use ).



Nortriptyline hydrochloride is an antidepressant.

Nortriptyline hydrochloride, USP is indicated for the relief of symptoms of depression. Endogenous depressions are more likely to be alleviated than are other depressive states.

See all Nortriptyline indications & dosage >>


Published Studies Related to Nortriptyline

Nortriptyline for treating enuresis in ADHD--a randomized double-blind controlled clinical trial. [2012]
enuresis in children with ADHD... CONCLUSIONS: Administration of nortriptyline for treating enuresis in ADHD has

Topiramate plus nortriptyline in the preventive treatment of migraine: a controlled study for nonresponders. [2011.10.19]
A sizeable proportion of migraineurs in need of preventive therapy do not significantly benefit from monotherapy. The objective of the study is to conduct a randomized controlled trial testing whether combination therapy of topiramate and nortriptyline is useful in patients who had less than 50% decrease in headache frequency with the use of the single agents...

Melancholic, atypical and anxious depression subtypes and outcome of treatment with escitalopram and nortriptyline. [2011.07]
CONCLUSIONS: Melancholic, atypical or anxious depression, are not sufficiently robust differential predictors of outcome to help clinician choose between SSRI and tricyclic antidepressants. There is a need to investigate other predictors of outcome. Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Genetic variants in the serotonin transporter influence the efficacy of bupropion and nortriptyline in smoking cessation. [2011.06.09]
Aims We investigated whether variants in the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) influence smoking cessation rates using antidepressant therapy (i.e.Prospective studies have to assess if this can improve cessation rates when treatment is targeted at individuals based on their genotypes.

A double-blind randomized controlled trial of low doses of propranolol, nortriptyline, and the combination of propranolol and nortriptyline for the preventive treatment of migraine. [2009.12]
Few trials have evaluated combination of two or more drugs in the preventive treatment of migraine. In this study three therapeutic regimens were compared: (a) propranolol, at a dose of 40 mg per day, (b) nortriptyline, at a dose of 20 mg per day, and (c) the combination of these two drugs in these dosages...

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Clinical Trials Related to Nortriptyline

Nortriptyline for Idiopathic Gastroparesis [Completed]
The principal objective of this multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled trial is to evaluate whether treatment with nortriptyline will improve gastroparesis symptoms compared with placebo.

Effect of Nortriptyline on Abdominal Pain/Discomfort and Quality of Life in Patients With Nonulcer Dyspepsia [Terminated]
The purpose of this study is to determine if use of Nortriptyline will improve symptoms and quality of life in patients who have nonulcer dyspepsia.

Trial of Nortriptyline and Topiramate in the Initial Treatment of Vestibular Migraine [Recruiting]
The investigators' study plans to randomize treatment naive patients with vestibular migraine to an 8 week trial of an escalating dose of either nortriptyline or topiramate followed by an 8 week crossover to the other drug if patient is willing, if patient wants to stay on first medication we will just continue to follow. During the first 8 weeks if there is an intolerance to the first drug they can be switched to the other drug at any point and then followed on that medication for the remainder of the study. Response to therapy will be quantified by the Migraine Specific Quality of Life (MSQ) and Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) administered at multiple time points during the study. Three groups of patients that will be eligible for the study will include 1)Patients with Neuhauser dVM; 2)Patients with pVM; and 3) Patients with dizziness that falls outside the Neuhauser criteria (non-Neuhauser vestibular migraine or nNVM). The investigators' hypothesis is that even patients with dizziness outside of the Neuhauser dVM and pVM spectrum will respond to treatment for vestibular migraine, and thus likely have migraine as a cause of their dizziness. Previous research by our group has suggested that such patients do in fact respond to migraine therapy1. A second goal of the study is to evaluate the comparative efficacy of nortriptyline and topiramate in the treatment of these three subgroups of patients with vestibular migraine.

Effect of Nortriptyline in Cortical Representation of Heartburn in Nonerosive Reflux Disease (NERD) Patients [Completed]
Patients with nonerosive reflux disease (NERD) are less responsive to standard treatment with proton pump inhibitors. The hypothesis of this study was that nortriptyline in analgesic doses may decrease heartburn perception and its corresponding cortical activity measured by magnetic resonance image. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the cortical representation of heartburn in patients with NERD under treatment with nortriptyline and placebo.

A Single-Center Exploratory Study to Assess the Activity of CRx-197-002 in Plaque Psoriasis [Completed]
This will be a phase 2a single-center, randomized, blinded, vehicle-controlled exploratory study to assess the activity and safety of CRx-197 in subjects with plaque psoriasis. Approximately 20 male or female subjects with chronic plaque type psoriasis, 18 to 70 years of age, will be included in this study. All subjects with stable psoriatic plaques will receive all of the following treatments each in a separate test field, once each day for four weeks under occlusion:

- CRx-197 high dose topical cream (0. 1% nortriptyline HCl +0. 3% loratadine)

- CRx-197 low dose topical cream (0. 1% nortriptyline HCl + 0. 1% loratadine)

- 0. 1% nortriptyline HCl topical cream

- 0. 005% calcipotriol topical cream

- Vehicle of CRx-197 topical cream (placebo)

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Based on a total of 8 ratings/reviews, Nortriptyline has an overall score of 6.88. The effectiveness score is 8.25 and the side effect score is 7.25. The scores are on ten point scale: 10 - best, 1 - worst. Below are selected reviews: the highest, the median and the lowest rated.

Nortriptyline review by 41 year old female patient

Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Highly Effective
Side effects:   No Side Effects
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   joint/muscular issues - fibro
Dosage & duration:   25mg taken once a day for the period of 5 years
Other conditions:   sleep issues due to pain but was alleviated by meds
Other drugs taken:   advil for occassional pain during the day
Reported Results
Benefits:   ability to sleep though the night decreasing joint/muscle pain and cramps allowing for a more productive day
Side effects:   none once proper dosages were found....higher mg's made me "foggy"
Comments:   when I was not able to sleep the pain would increase which would lead to a cycle of not being able to sleep as I could not relax..the meds would help me to sleep which would allow my body to relax - this in turn led to a decrease in my symptoms..though there were still times when this would not be effective, such as if I was under high levels of stress or could not get 8 hours of sleep..if the condition continued for to long, severe depression, weepiness and other symptoms would begin to appear - usually a week of prescription sleep aides would help "re-set" my system and we could get back to the original program.


Nortriptyline review by 21 year old female patient

Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Highly Effective
Side effects:   Moderate Side Effects
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   migraines
Dosage & duration:   50mg taken at night for the period of 4 months
Other conditions:   n/a
Other drugs taken:   nuvaring
Reported Results
Benefits:   I had migraines everyday, this slowly worked it up to where i'd only get a mild migraine once maybe twice a week at most.
Side effects:   I lost 10 lbs over the course of 4 months, my ears hurt and sounded more muffled, my glands in my throat swelled but don't hurt. I had HORRIBLE dry cotton mouth in the morning, when i got to the 50mg of the medicine my heart rate was 144 hr. My insomnia got worse but even though i wasn't sleeping as well, i wasn't ever tired.
Comments:   started at 10mg and worked my way up to 50mg weekly, the side effects got worse as the dose got higher.


Nortriptyline review by 28 year old female patient

Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Moderately Effective
Side effects:   Severe Side Effects
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   a typical migraines
Dosage & duration:   25mg upped to 75 mg taken 1 at bedtime for the period of just over a week
Other conditions:   none
Other drugs taken:   none
Reported Results
Benefits:   I have A-typical migraines which gives me weird sensation in my ears such as roaring and the sense that they are vibrating. I also do have headacheds that seem to come from ears and the back of my neck. It help me feel better and started to decrease my symptoms but side effects were worse than original symptoms. It helped me to ignore my symptoms and helped me to get through the day.
Side effects:   ringing in the ears, sensitivity to noise, phantom noise in head, which all lead to anxiety
Comments:   stopped medicine, looking for something else to help.

See all Nortriptyline reviews / ratings >>

Page last updated: 2013-02-10

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