An increased risk of the following serious adverse reactions [see “ Warnings” section for additional information] has been associated with the use of oral contraceptives:
Thromboembolic disorders and other vascular problems (including thrombophlebitis, arterial thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral thrombosis), carcinoma of the reproductive organs, hepatic neoplasia (including hepatic adenomas or benign liver tumors), ocular lesions (including retinal vascular thrombosis), gallbladder disease, carbohydrate and lipid effects, elevated blood pressure, and headache.
The following adverse reactions have been reported in patients receiving oral contraceptives and are believed to be drug related:
Gastrointestinal symptoms (such as abdominal pain, cramps and bloating).
Change in menstrual flow.
Temporary infertility after discontinuation of treatment.
Melasma/chloasma which may persist.
Breast changes: tenderness, pain, enlargement, secretion.
Change in weight or appetite (increase or decrease).
Change in cervical erosion and secretion.
Diminution in lactation when given immediately postpartum.
Mood changes, including depression.
Vaginitis, including candidiasis.
Change in corneal curvature (steepening).
Intolerance to contact lenses.
Decrease in serum folate levels.
Exacerbation of systemic lupus erythematosus.
Exacerbation of porphyria.
Exacerbation of chorea.
Aggravation of varicose veins.
Anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions, including urticaria, angioedema, and severe reactions with respiratory and circulatory symptoms.
The following adverse reactions have been reported in users of oral contraceptives, and the association has been neither confirmed nor refuted:
Optic neuritis, which may lead to partial or complete loss of vision.
Loss of scalp hair.
Impaired renal function.
Hemolytic uremic syndrome.
Changes in libido.
Cerebral-vascular disease with mitral valve prolapse.