DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Nitro-Time (Nitroglycerin Extended Release) - Summary



Nitroglycerin is 1,2,3-propanetriol trinitrate, an organic nitrate.

Nitroglycerin Extended-Release Capsules are indicated for the prevention of angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease. The onset of action of oral nitroglycerin is not sufficiently rapid for this product to be useful in aborting an acute anginal episode.

See all Nitro-Time indications & dosage >>


Published Studies Related to Nitro-Time (Nitroglycerin Extended Release)

N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester effects on neutrophil function and bacterial clearance. [2004.08]
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors are considered promising as a therapeutic option in severe septic shock. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) application on neutrophil (PMN) respiratory burst, phagocytosis, and elimination of Escherichia coli from blood and tissue in rabbits.

Pulmonary arterial pressure and electrocardiograms in broiler chickens infused intravenously with L-NAME, an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, or sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a nitric oxide donor. [2002.05]
1. Broilers were divided at 42 to 44 d of age into a Control group (n=30) and a Treatment group (n=30).

[Therapy with nitro derivatives and the development of tolerance: a comparative study with stress ECG and dipyridamole ECG] [1999.05]
The ECG stress test represents the most commonly-used technique to evaluate the occurrence of nitroglycerin tolerance. It acts by increasing cardiac O2 demand with resulting insufficient blood flow through a stenotic coronary artery and development of cardiac ischemia... Moreover, the ECG-dipyridamole test showed nitroglycerin tolerance because five patients with a negative acute test (Dip 1) became positive during chronic therapy (Dip 2).

Converting enzyme inhibitors and the role of the sulfhydryl group in the potentiation of exo- and endogenous nitrovasodilators. [1991.09]
In this study, the effect of bradykinin on coronary flow in the isolated rat heart was significantly potentiated when cysteine or the sulfhydryl-containing converting enzyme inhibitors captopril and zofenoprilat were administered simultaneously. In contrast, the effect of concomitant administration of enalaprilat only slightly increased the effect of bradykinin on coronary flow...

3-nitro-tyrosine as a peripheral biomarker of minimal hepatic encephalopathy in patients with liver cirrhosis. [2011.09]
OBJECTIVES: Between 30 and 50% of the cirrhotic patients who do not show symptoms of clinical hepatic encephalopathy (HE) present minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE), with mild cognitive impairment. MHE impairs the quality of life, increases the risk of suffering accidents, predicts the appearance of clinical HE, and is associated with shortened lifespan. Early detection of MHE would be very useful. The "gold standard" for MHE diagnosis is the psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score (PHES). However, it is time consuming and needs adjusting for age and educational level. It would be very useful to have some blood biomarker reflecting the presence of MHE in cirrhotic patients. The aim of this work was to identify serum molecules useful as biomarkers for MHE... CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study, to be validated in a larger cohort, shows that determination of 3-nitro-tyrosine in serum, which is easy and not time consuming, is useful to identify patients with MHE, with good sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values.

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Nitro-Time (Nitroglycerin Extended Release)

Nitroglycerin in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer [Recruiting]
Nitroglycerin is a nitric oxide donor which is mainly known as a vasodilating agent used in ischemic heart disease. It has also been shown to increase tumor blood flow in animal and human tumors. The addition of nitroglycerin to chemotherapy in non small cell lung cancer has been shown to generate very favorable response rates with respect to standard treatment schedules[5]. Theoretically nitroglycerin might reduce resistance to chemotherapy via a plethora of different effects: better tumor perfusion, direct effects of NO on cancer cells, increase in activated p53 protein and via an increased blood flow in the tumour with as consequence a higher drug concentration in the tumor [6] . In mice, nitric oxide donors such as isosorbide dinitrate have been shown to decrease tumor hypoxia by better tumor perfusion, which could enhance radiotherapy responses [7]. To date these combined effects have not been tested in humans. In this trial we would like to demonstrate the effect of nitroglycerin on tumor perfusion and hypoxia in non small cell lung cancer (using DCE and HX4 scanning), providing a rationale for further study and to test the effect of combining nitroglycerine to standard treatment of NSCLC (radiotherapy/chemotherapy).

Treatment of Suspected Cholelithiasis With Nitroglycerin [Not yet recruiting]
ABSTRACT: Sublingual nitroglycerin has been advocated for the treatment of acute pain from suspected symptomatic cholelithiasis. There is, however, no clinical studies that validate its use. This study is designed to evaluate the efficacy of nitroglycerine in relieving acute pain of suspected biliary tract origin. Nitroglycerin is a potent smooth muscle relaxant used for biliary tract dilation during ERCP, (Chelly, J) and has been recommended for treatment of biliary colic based on anecdotal experience and small case reports. Nitroglycerin effect is a result of the nitric oxide component of the medication which acts as a smooth muscle relaxant in vascular, bronchial, esophageal and biliary smooth muscles. [McGowan(1936), Chelly (1979),Toyoyama (2001)] The typical dose of nitroglycerin is 0. 4 mg given sublingually in pill form or, more recently, in a metered spray form. In a case series reported by Hassel (1993), positive response times ranged from 20 to 60 seconds with duration of action of two to twelve hours. Sublingual nitroglycerin is most commonly used for treatment of chest pain related to insufficient cardiac perfusion. It has also been noted to relieve the pain of esophageal spasms. Nitroglycerin has an excellent safety profile if used in patients with adequate pretreatment blood pressures. [Newberry (2005), Nitroglycerine (2011), Nitro (2011), Wolters (2009)] This study proposes to compare sublingual 0. 4 mg doses of nitroglycerin to placebo for the initial treatment of acute pain from suspected symptomatic cholelithiasis

GTN Therapy on Biomarkers of Immune Escape in Men With Biochemical Recurrence of Prostate Cancer After Primary Therapy [Recruiting]
Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men in Canada. Over 30% of men over the age of fifty have histological evidence of prostate cancer on biopsy. Despite the stage migration afforded by early detection with serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing and an apparent trend toward improved survival over the past several years, prostate cancer remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Biochemical failure after primary therapy (surgery or radiation) remains a significant health care burden and strategies to delay clinical prostate cancer progression and prolong the interval from treatment failure to systemic therapy would be of significant clinical benefit for those men suffering from a finding of PSA recurrence. PSA is widely accepted as the most useful prognostic marker of prostate cancer progression, particularly after primary therapy with radical surgery or radiation. 5 Despite improved cancer control rates with definitive management of early stage prostate cancer, a PSA recurrence is unfortunately a common occurrence (25-50%) in most large case series. Microenvironmental factors have been demonstrated to play a pivotal role in the selection of neoplastic cell subpopulations expressing more malignant phenotypes and contributing to the progression of localized and metastatic disease. Very low levels of O2 (< 10 mmHg) has been well described in many solid tumours (including prostate cancer) and the extent of hypoxia has been demonstrated to represent an independent marker of a poor prognosis for patients with various types of cancers. Tumour hypoxia contributes to numerous adaptive phenotypes including increased invasion and metastasis, as well as evasion of immune cell surveillance increased resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Although cellular adaptive responses to hypoxia are likely mediated by various mechanisms, our previous preclinical studies suggest that decreased nitric oxide (NO)-dependent signalling plays a significant role in this progression of a malignant phenotype.

Radial Artery Dilation Study: The Effect of Topical Administration of Nitroglycerin and Lidocaine Versus Lidocaine Alone of the Radial Artery Diameter [Completed]
The radial artery, which is located on the outer side of the forearm, can be used in interventional procedures, such as cardiac catheterization, to provide access to the arterial blood supply. In order to facilitate successful catheterization of the artery, a dilated artery and one free of arterial spasm is desirable. The proposed study will randomize twenty three healthy subjects to determine the effect of topical nitroglycerin on radial artery vasodilation. In the first phase of the study, which is a dose escalation study, each subject will receive either one or two inches of nitroglycerin in a blinded manner on one wrist and placebo on the other. Radial artery diameter will be measured with ultrasound at regular intervals up to two hours. The subjects will then return at a later date at which point they will receive the alternate dose on one wrist and placebo on the other. In the second phase of the study, we will randomize the same patients to a mixture of topical nitroglycerin and lidocaine or topical lidocaine alone. Measurements of radial artery diameter will be performed as in the first study.

Investigation Into the Role of GTN & RIPC in Cardiac Surgery [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to determine whether Glyceryl Trinitrate (GTN) reduces injury to the heart during heart-lung bypass surgery in combination with the newer technique of remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC).

more trials >>

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017