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Nifediac (Nifedipine) - Side Effects and Adverse Reactions

 
 



ADVERSE REACTIONS

The incidence of adverse events during treatment with nifedipine extended-release tablets in doses up to 90 mg daily were derived from multi-center, placebo-controlled clinical trials in 370 hypertensive patients. Atenolol 50 mg once daily was used concomitantly in 187 of the 370 patients on nifedipine extended-release tablets and in 64 of the 126 patients on placebo. All adverse events reported during nifedipine extended-release tablet therapy were tabulated independently of their causal relationship to medication.

The most common adverse event reported with nifedipine extended-release tablets was peripheral edema. This was dose related, and the frequency was 18% on nifedipine extended-release tablets 30 mg daily, 22% on nifedipine extended-release tablets 60 mg daily, and 29% on nifedipine extended-release tablets 90 mg daily versus 10% on placebo.

Other common adverse events reported in the above placebo-controlled trials include:

Adverse Event NIFEDIPINE
EXTENDED-RELEASE
TABLETS (%)
(n=370)
PLACEBO
(%)
(n=126)
Headache
Flushing/heat sensation
Dizziness
Fatigue/asthenia
Nausea
Constipation
19
4
4
4
2
1
13
0
2
4
1
0

 Where the frequency of adverse events with nifedipine extended-release tablets and placebo is similar, causal relationship cannot be established.

The following adverse events were reported with an incidence of 3% or less in daily doses up to 90 mg:

Body as a Whole/Systemic: chest pain, leg pain

Central Nervous System: paresthesia, vertigo

Dermatologic: rash

Gastrointestinal: constipation

Musculoskeletal: leg cramps

Respiratory: epistaxis, rhinitis

Urogenital: impotence, urinary frequency

Other adverse events reported with an incidence of less than 1% were:

Body as a Whole/Systemic: allergic reaction, asthenia, cellulitis, substernal chest pain, chills, facial edema, lab test abnormal, malaise, neck pain, pelvic pain, pain, photosensitivity reaction.

Cardiovascular: atrial fibrillation, bradycardia, cardiac arrest, extrasystole, hypotension, migraine, palpitations, phlebitis, postural hypotension, tachycardia, cutaneous angiectases

Central Nervous System: anxiety, confusion, decreased libido, depression, hypertonia, hypesthesia, insomnia, somnolence

Dermatologic: angioedema, petechial rash, pruritus, sweating

Gastrointestinal: abdominal pain, diarrhea, dry mouth, dysphagia, dyspepsia, eructation, esophagitis, flatulence, gastrointestinal disorder, gastrointestinal disorder, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, GGT increased, gum disorder, gum hemorrhage, vomiting

Hematologic: eosinophilia, lymphadenopathy

Metabolic: gout, weight loss

Musculoskeletal: arthralgia, arthritis, joint disorder, myalgia, myasthenia

Respiratory: dyspnea, increased cough, rales, pharyngitis, stridor

Special Senses: abnormal vision, amblyopia, conjunctivitis, diplopia, eye disorder, eye hemorrhage, tinnitus

Urogenital/Reproductive: dysuria, kidney calculus, nocturia, breast engorgement, polyuria, urogenital disorder

The following adverse events have been reported rarely in patients given nifedipine in coat core or other formulations: allergenic hepatitis, alopecia, anaphylactic reaction, anemia, arthritis with ANA (+), depression, erythromelalgia, exfoliative dermatitis, fever, gingival hyperplasia, gynecomastia, hyperglycemia, jaundice, leukopenia, mood changes, muscle cramps, nervousness, paranoid syndrome, purpura, shakiness, sleep disturbances, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, syncope, taste perversion, thrombocytopenia, toxic epidermal necrolysis, transient blindness at the peak of plasma level, tremor, and urticaria.

Drug label data at the top of this Page last updated: 2013-01-18

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