MYLERAN is a potent drug. It should not be used unless a diagnosis of chronic myelogenous leukemia has been adequately established and the responsible physician is knowledgeable in assessing response to chemotherapy.
MYLERAN can induce severe bone marrow hypoplasia. Reduce or discontinue the dosage immediately at the first sign of any unusual depression of bone marrow function as reflected by an abnormal decrease in any of the formed elements of the blood. A bone marrow examination should be performed if the bone marrow status is uncertain.
SEE WARNINGS FOR INFORMATION REGARDING BUSULFAN-INDUCED LEUKEMOGENESIS IN HUMANS.
MYLERAN (busulfan) is a bifunctional alkylating agent.
Busulfan is not a structural analog of the nitrogen mustards. MYLERAN is available in tablet form for oral administration. Each film-coated tablet contains 2 mg busulfan and the inactive ingredients hypromellose, lactose (anhydrous), magnesium stearate, pregelatinized starch, triacetin, and titanium dioxide.
The activity of busulfan in chronic myelogenous leukemia was first reported by D.A.G. Galton in 1953.
MYLERAN (busulfan) is indicated for the palliative treatment of chronic myelogenous (myeloid, myelocytic, granulocytic) leukemia.
Published Studies Related to Myleran (Busulfan)
Clofarabine +/- fludarabine with once daily i.v. busulfan as pretransplant conditioning therapy for advanced myeloid leukemia and MDS. [2011.06]
Although a combination of i.v...
Randomized trial of two different conditioning regimens for bone marrow transplantation in thalassemia--the role of busulfan pharmacokinetics in determining outcome. [2005.11]
In total, 94 patients with homozygous beta thalassemia were randomized to two different conditioning regimens: busulfan 600 mg/m2 + cyclophosphamide 200 mg/kg or busulfan 16 mg/kg + cyclophosphamide 200 mg/kg and antilymphocyte globulin (47 in each group), for bone marrow transplantation, to see whether increased myeloablation or increased immunosuppression would reduce rejection...
Randomized trial of busulfan vs total body irradiation containing conditioning regimens for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium study. [2003.09]
Conditioning regimens for children with ALL have generally included total body irradiation (TBI), which may result in significant sequelae. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome for children with ALL undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplant (SCT) with either busulfan (Bu) or TBI regimens...
Busulfan plus cyclophosphamide compared with total-body irradiation plus cyclophosphamide before marrow transplantation for myeloid leukemia: long-term follow-up of 4 randomized studies. [2001.12.15]
In the early 1990s, 4 randomized studies compared conditioning regimens before transplantation for leukemia with either cyclophosphamide (CY) and total-body irradiation (TBI), or busulfan (Bu) and CY. This study analyzed the long-term outcomes for 316 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and 172 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who participated in these 4 trials, now with a mean follow-up of more than 7 years...
Increased risk of chronic graft-versus-host disease, obstructive bronchiolitis, and alopecia with busulfan versus total body irradiation: long-term results of a randomized trial in allogeneic marrow recipients with leukemia. Nordic Bone Marrow Transplantation Group. [1999.04.01]
Leukemic patients receiving marrow from HLA-identical sibling donors were randomized to treatment with either busulfan 16 mg/kg (n = 88) or total body irradiation ([TBI] n = 79) in addition to cyclophosphamide 120 mg/kg. The patients were observed for a period of 5 to 9 years... In patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in first chronic phase, 7-year LFS was 72% and 83% in the two groups, respectively.
Clinical Trials Related to Myleran (Busulfan)
Evaluation of Plasmatic Levels of Busulfan in Patients Undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation [Recruiting]
Fludarabine/Clofarabine/Busulfan Combined With SAHA in Acute Leukemia [Recruiting]
The goal of this clinical research study is to evaluate the safety of combining vorinostat
(also called SAHA) with fludarabine, clofarabine, and busulfan.
Gemcitabine/Clofarabine/Busulfan and Allogeneic Transplantation for Aggressive Lymphomas [Recruiting]
The goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable dose of
gemcitabine (out of 6 possible doses) that can be given in combination with busulfan and
clofarabine before an allogeneic stem cell transplant. Researchers also want to learn if
this combination can help to control lymphoma. The safety of this treatment will also be
Busulfan is designed to bind to DNA (the genetic material of cells), which may cause cancer
cells to die. It is commonly used in stem cell transplants.
Clofarabine and gemcitabine are designed to block the growth of cancer cells, which may
cause the cancer cells to die.
Allogeneic Transplantation Using Timed Sequential Busulfan, Cladribine, and Fludarabine Conditioning in Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) and Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) [Recruiting]
The goal of this clinical research study is to compare how well two different schedules of
giving busulfan with fludarabine and cladribine before a stem cell transplant in patients
with AML or MDS may help to control the disease. The safety of this drug combination will
also be studied.
Allogeneic Transplantation Using Timed Sequential Busulfan and Fludarabine Conditioning [Recruiting]
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if giving busulfan and fludarabine
before a stem cell transplant can help control the disease better than the standard method
in patients with leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, MDS, or MPD. In this study, 2 doses
of busulfan will be given 2 weeks before a stem cell transplant followed by 4 doses of
busulfan and fludarabine during the week before the stem cell transplant, rather than the
standard method of giving 4 doses of busulfan and fludarabine only during the week before
the stem cell transplant.
The safety of this combination therapy will also be studied.
Busulfan is designed to kill cancer cells by binding to DNA (the genetic material of cells),
which may cause cancer cells to die. Busulfan is commonly used in stem cell transplants.
Fludarabine is designed to interfere with the DNA of cancer cells, which may cause the
cancer cells to die.
Page last updated: 2011-12-09