METHYLPREDNISOLONE TABLETS, USP 4 MG
Methylprednisolone is a glucocorticoid. Glucocorticoids are adrenocortical steroids, both naturally occurring and synthetic, which are readily absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Methylprednisolone is a white to practically white, odorless, crystalline powder. It is sparingly soluble in alcohol, in dioxane, and in methanol, slightly soluble in acetone, and in chloroform, and very slightly soluble in ether. It is practically insoluble in water.
The chemical name for methylprednisolone is pregna-1, 4-diene-3, 20-dione,11,17,21-trihydroxy-6-methyl-(6α, 11ß)-and the molecular weight is 374.48. The structural formula is represented below:
Each tablet, for oral administration, contains 4 mg methylprednisolone. In addition, each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, cornstarch, lactose (anhydrous), magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium starch glycolate and stearic acid.
Naturally occurring glucocorticoids (hydrocortisone and cortisone), which also have salt-retaining properties, are used as replacement therapy in adrenocortical deficiency states. Their synthetic analogs are primarily used for their potent anti-inflammatory effects in disorders of many organ systems.
Glucocorticoids cause profound and varied metabolic effects. In addition, they modify the body’s immune responses to diverse stimuli.