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Meperidine (Meperidine Hydrochloride) - Summary



Meperidine Hydrochloride Injection, USP 10 mg/mL is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, hypotonic solution of meperidine hydrochloride, USP, in an acetate buffer. This product is to be administered by the intravenous route via a compatible Hospira infusion device. Each mL contains meperidine hydrochloride 10 mg. Sodium acetate, anhydrous 1.5 mg and glacial acetic acid, 0.0012 mL are added as buffers. pH 4.5 (3.5 to 6.0). The solution contains no bacteriostat or antimicrobial agent and is intended only for use as a single-dose unit to provide analgesia via the intravenous route using a compatible Hospira infusion device. Meperidine is classified pharmacologically as a synthetic narcotic analgesic. Meperidine Hydrochloride is ethyl-1-methyl-4-phenylisonipecotate hydrochloride, a white, crystalline substance with a melting point of 186° to 189°C. It is readily soluble in water and has a neutral reaction and a slightly bitter taste. The solution is not decomposed by a short period of boiling.

Meperidine hydrochloride administered by slow intravenous injection is indicated for the relief of moderate to severe pain.

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Published Studies Related to Meperidine

Meperidine relieves pain during transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. [2014]
ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy... CONCLUSION: Intramuscular meperidine injection is a safe and effective analgesic

Intra-articular bupivacaine reduces postoperative pain and meperidine use after total hip arthroplasty: a randomized, double-blind study. [2014]
One hundred patients receiving unilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) were randomized to receive an intra-articular injection of 300mg bupivacaine or normal saline after completion of surgery. Pain scores of the bupivacaine group were significantly lower than those of the control group the first 12hours postoperatively (all, P<0.001).

Comparison of the analgesic efficacy of dexketoprofen trometamol and meperidine HCl in the relief of renal colic. [2014]
In this study, the analgesic effects of dexketoprofen trometamol and meperidine hydrochloride were compared in patients diagnosed with renal colic. This study was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study... With this study, we concluded that dexketoprofen trometamol, from the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug group, can be within the primary treatment options for renal colic because of better analgesic efficacy, being well tolerated by patients compared with meperidine hydrochloride.

Meperidine for uterine dystocia and its effect on duration of labor and neonatal acid-base status: a randomized clinical trial. [2012]
CONCLUSION: Because of the absence of any beneficial effect of meperidine on

Antishivering effects of two different doses of intrathecal meperidine in caesarean section: a prospective randomised blinded study. [2011.03]
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Shivering causes various adverse disturbances and interferes with monitoring. The optimal dose of intrathecal meperidine to prevent shivering without producing other side-effects remains unknown. This prospective randomised double-blinded study was conducted to compare the antishivering effects of two different doses of intrathecal meperidine... CONCLUSION: The use of intrathecal meperidine for caesarean section during spinal anaesthesia for the prevention of shivering cannot be recommended as its use is associated with increased incidence of nausea and vomiting.

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Clinical Trials Related to Meperidine

Remifentanil Only vs. Midazolam and Meperidine During Elective Colonoscopy [Completed]

A Comparison of Meperidine for Post-Cesarean Analgesia: Bolus Versus Infusion and Bolus [Not yet recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to determine if epidural meperidine administered by patient-controlled bolus button is equivalent to a low dose infusion plus patient-controlled bolus.

Efficacy and Safety Profiles of Combination Sedation Propofol With Midazolam and Meperidine. [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to compare efficacy and safety of combination of propofol and midazolam with meperidine versus midazolam and meperidine for ambulatory ERCP

Meperidine Versus Drotaverine Regarding the Effect on the Duration of the First Stage of Labor in Full Term Primigravidae [Not yet recruiting]
Comparison Between Meperidine and Drotaverine Regarding the Effect on the Duration of the First Stage of Labor in Full Term Primigravidae

Study of the Effectiveness of Administration of Meperidine on the Length of Active Phase of Labor in Women [Recruiting]
Labor pain is universal and occurs acutely. This is the most painful experience in a woman's life. Pain relief during labor is expected to have positive impact on the progress, outcome and cost of labor. However, it is controversial whether labor analgesia shortens the length of labor and influences progression to cesarean. Labor analgesia can be performed via spinal, epidural or systemic routes (intravenous or intramuscular). Opioid agonists (meperidine, fentanyl etc.) as well are the systemic agents frequently used for labor analgesia. Results of the studies concerning effect of meperidine on the length of labor are controversial. Many studies have expressed that meperidine has no effect or effect on the progress of labor. This study aims to evaluate the effect of meperidine on the length of active phase of labor in nulliparous or multiparous women, who will be randomized into case and control groups.

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Based on a total of 1 ratings/reviews, Meperidine has an overall score of 8. The effectiveness score is 8 and the side effect score is 8. The scores are on ten point scale: 10 - best, 1 - worst.

Meperidine review by 31 year old female patient

Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Considerably Effective
Side effects:   Mild Side Effects
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   painkiller after surgery
Dosage & duration:   50mg taken every 4 hours for the period of 1 week
Other conditions:   none
Other drugs taken:   antibiotics
Reported Results
Benefits:   it was a very strong pain killer.
Side effects:   extreme disorientation.
Comments:   even though it was a very strong pain killer there was still considerable pain felt before the next prescribed dose was to be taken. i don't know if the anti nausea ingredient was effective because i felt like vomiting every time i smelled food and did vomit whenever i tried to eat, for about 3 days. however, i didn't feel nauseous when there was no food present. i was too disoriented to perform daily functions without help, or think clearly while using the prescription. after i stopped taking the pills it took a day or two before this effect wore off.

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Page last updated: 2015-08-10

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