Menomune® -A/C/Y/W-135, Meningococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine, Groups A, C, Y and W-135 Combined, for subcutaneous use, is a freeze-dried preparation of the group-specific polysaccharide antigens from
Neisseria meningitidis, Group A, Group C, Group Y and Group W-135. N meningitidis
are cultivated with Mueller Hinton agar1 and Watson Scherp2 media. The purified polysaccharide is extracted from the
cells and separated from the media by procedures which include centrifugation, detergent precipitation, alcohol precipitation, solvent or organic extraction and diafiltration. No preservative is added during manufacture.
Meningococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine, Groups A, C, Y and W-135 Combined, is indicated for active immunization against invasive meningococcal disease caused by these serogroups.5
Meningococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine, Groups A, C, Y and W-135 Combined may be used to prevent and control outbreaks of serogroup C meningococcal disease.5
For evaluation and management of suspected outbreaks, it is recommended that the health-care workers consult the MMWR for guidance.5
Routine vaccination is recommended for the following high-risk groups:5
Deficiencies in late Complement components (C3, C5-C9).
Functional or actual asplenia.
Persons with laboratory or industrial exposure to
Travelers to, and residents of, hyperendemic areas such as sub-Saharan Africa. For information concerning geographic areas for which vaccination is recommended, contact CDC at 404-332-4559.
The American College Health Association (ACHA) also recommends that college students consider vaccination to reduce the risk for potentially fatal meningococcal disease.19
Vaccinations also should be considered for household or institutional contacts of persons with meningococcal disease and for medical and laboratory personnel at risk of exposure to meningococcal disease.
Published Studies Related to Menomune (Meningococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine)
Immunogenicity and safety of a meningococcal A conjugate vaccine in Africans. [2011.06.16]
BACKGROUND: Group A meningococci are the source of major epidemics of meningitis in Africa. An affordable, highly immunogenic meningococcal A conjugate vaccine is needed... CONCLUSIONS: The PsA-TT vaccine elicited a stronger response to group A antibody than the PsACWY vaccine. (Funded by the Meningitis Vaccine Project through a grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation; Controlled-Trials.com numbers, ISRCTN78147026 and ISRCTN87739946.).
Tetravalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W-135 and Y conjugate vaccine is well tolerated and immunogenic when co-administered with measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccine during the second year of life: An open, randomized controlled trial. [2011.06.06]
Co-administration of meningococcal ACWY-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (ACWY-TT) with MMRV vaccine was investigated in 1000 12-23-month old children randomized (3:3:1:1) to receive co-administered ACWY-TT+MMRV, or a single dose of ACWY-TT, MMRV or MenC-CRM(197)... This study has been registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT00474266.
An investigational tetravalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W-135 and Y-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine co-administered with Infanrix hexa is immunogenic, with an acceptable safety profile in 12-23-month-old children. [2011.06.06]
Tetravalent meningococcal serogroups ACWY conjugate vaccines will provide an advantage to those at most risk of invasive meningococcal disease; namely young children. Co-administration of ACWY-TT with DTaP-HBV-IPV/Hib was assessed in a randomized trial in 793 children aged 12-23 months.ACWY-TT and DTaP-HBV-IPV/Hib co-administration during the second year would facilitate introduction of ACWY-TT into routine toddler vaccination schedules.
Results from a randomized clinical trial of coadministration of RotaTeq, a pentavalent rotavirus vaccine, and NeisVac-C, a meningococcal serogroup C conjugate vaccine. [2011.05]
RotaTeq (Merck & Co. Inc./Sanofi Pasteur MSD) is a three-dose, oral pentavalent rotavirus vaccine for the immunization of infants from 6 weeks of age for the prevention of rotavirus gastroenteritis...
Immunogenicity of a single dose of tetravalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y conjugate vaccine administered to 2- to 10-year-olds is noninferior to a licensed-ACWY polysaccharide vaccine with an acceptable safety profile. [2011.04]
BACKGROUND: Meningococcal disease remains an important cause of invasive bacterial infections in children less than 5 years of age. Immunogenicity and safety of the investigational ACWY vaccine conjugated with tetanus toxoid (ACWY-TT, GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals) were evaluated in 1501 healthy 2- to 10-year-old children in the Philippines, India, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia... CONCLUSION: ACWY-TT was immunogenic in children between 2 to 10 years of age with a clinically acceptable safety profile that resembled licensed Men-PS. These data support a positive benefit/risk ratio for the ACWY-TT vaccine.
Page last updated: 2011-12-09