Abnormal elevation of serum potassium levels (greater than or equal to 5.5 mEq/liter) can occur with all potassium-conserving diuretic combinations, including MAXZIDE. Hyperkalemia is more likely to occur in patients with renal impairment, diabetes (even without evidence of renal impairment), or elderly or severely ill patients. Since uncorrected hyperkalemia may be fatal, serum potassium levels must be monitored at frequent intervals especially in patients first receiving MAXZIDE, when dosages are changed or with any illness that may influence renal function.
MAXZIDE® (triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide) combines triamterene, a potassium-conserving diuretic, with the natriuretic agent, hydrochlorothiazide.
This fixed combination drug is not indicated for the initial therapy of edema or hypertension except in individuals in whom the development of hypokalemia cannot be risked.
1.MAXZIDE (triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide) is indicated for the treatment of hypertension or edema in patients who develop hypokalemia on hydrochlorothiazide alone.
2.MAXZIDE is also indicated for those patients who require a thiazide diuretic and in whom the development of hypokalemia cannot be risked (e.g., patients on concomitant digitalis preparations, or with a history of cardiac arrhythmias, etc.).
MAXZIDE may be used alone or in combination with other antihypertensive drugs, such as beta-blockers. Since MAXZIDE (triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide) may enhance the actions of these drugs, dosage adjustments may be necessary.
Usage in Pregnancy
The routine use of diuretics in an otherwise healthy woman is inappropriate and exposes mother and fetus to unnecessary hazard. Diuretics do not prevent development of toxemia of pregnancy, and there is no satisfactory evidence that they are useful in the treatment of developed toxemia.
Edema during pregnancy may arise from pathological causes or from the physiologic and mechanical consequences of pregnancy. Thiazides are indicated in pregnancy when edema is due to pathologic causes, just as they are in the absence of pregnancy. Dependent edema in pregnancy, resulting from restriction of venous return by the expanded uterus, is properly treated through elevation of the lower extremities and use of support hose; use of diuretics to lower intravascular volume in this case is illogical and unnecessary. There is hypervolemia during normal pregnancy which is harmful to neither the fetus nor the mother (in the absence of cardiovascular disease), but which is associated with edema, including generalized edema, in the majority of pregnant women. If this edema produces discomfort, increased recumbency will often provide relief. In rare instances, this edema may cause extreme discomfort which is not relieved by rest. In these cases, a short course of diuretics may provide relief and may be appropriate.
Published Studies Related to Maxzide (Triamterene / Hydrochlorothiazide)
Bioequivalence evaluation of a triamterene-hydrochlorothiazide generic product: a new bioequivalence index for fixed-dose combinations. [2011.02]
In this study, an open, double-blind, randomized, two-period, two-group crossover design was conducted in 14 healthy volunteers to study the bioequivalence of a fixed-dose generic product. After administration of test or reference products to each volunteer, both active ingredients were determined simultaneously in plasma samples using a developed and validated HPLC-UV method, and pharmacokinetic parameters, including C(max), T(max), AUC(0-t) , AUC(0infinity), terminal elimination rate constant (lambdaz), volume of distribution in steady state (Vd(ss)), mean residence time (MRT), clearance (Cl), terminal elimination rate constant (Kel) were determined in each subject using the standard non-compartmental approach...
Effect of quinapril and triamterene/hydrochlorothiazide on cardiac and vascular end-organ damage in isolated systolic hypertension. [1998.02]
We compared, in a prospective double-blind randomized study, the effect of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor quinapril (QUI) with that of triamterene/hydrochlorothiazide (THCT) treatment on cardiovascular end-organ damage in subjects with untreated isolated systolic hypertension (ISH)... Results of LV diastolic function and peripheral vascular resistance were less clear but appear to show less favorable changes in the THCT subjects treatment group.
Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide and their combination in healthy volunteers. [1997.10]
Although triamterene has been in clinical use for over 30 years, the linearity of triamterene kinetics was not systematically tested. Moreover, although triamterene is mostly applied concomitantly with thiazide-type diuretics the interaction of triamterene (TA) with hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) is subject to a controversial discussion.
Felodipine or hydrochlorothiazide/triamterene for treatment of hypertension in the elderly: effects on blood pressure, hypertensive heart disease, metabolic and hormonal parameters. [1996.05]
The aim of the study was to compare the antihypertensive efficacy of either felodipine or the diuretic combination hydrochlorothiazide/triamterene in a group (n = 65) of elderly (> or = 70 years) hypertensives (office blood pressure > or = 160/95 mmHg) with special regard to ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, hypertensive heart disease and metabolic parameters...
A study of plasma sodium levels in elderly people taking amiloride or triamterene in combination with hydrochlorothiazide. [1993.10]
This study was performed to compare the effect of one month's treatment with hydrochlorothiazide (25 mg) in combination with either amiloride (2.5 mg) or triamterene (50 mg) on plasma sodium levels in elderly people in institutional care. Fifty residents of NHS nursing or social service residential care established on diuretics for congestive cardiac failure and aged 64 years or over were recruited...
Clinical Trials Related to Maxzide (Triamterene / Hydrochlorothiazide)
Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to prevent major cardiovascular events (heart attack, stroke,
or cardiovascular death) in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus using intensive glycemic
control, intensive blood pressure control, and multiple lipid management.
Reports of Suspected Maxzide (Triamterene / Hydrochlorothiazide) Side Effects
Drug Interaction (3),
Drug Ineffective (2),
Blood Creatinine Increased (2),
Renal Failure Acute (2),
Mental Impairment (2),
Nerve Injury (1), more >>
Page last updated: 2011-12-09