DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Lioresal (Baclofen Intrathecal) - Side Effects and Adverse Reactions

 
 



ADVERSE DRUG EVENTS

Spasticity of Spinal Cord Origin:

Commonly Observed in Patients with Spasticity of Spinal Origin — In pre- and post- marketing clinical trials, the most commonly observed adverse events associated with use of LIORESAL INTRATHECAL (baclofen injection) which were not seen at an equivalent incidence among placebo- treated patients were: somnolence, dizziness, nausea, hypotension, headache, convulsions and hypotonia.

Associated with Discontinuation of Treatment — 8/ 474 patients with spasticity of spinal cord origin receiving long term infusion of LIORESAL INTRATHECAL in pre- and post- marketing clinical studies in the U. S. discontinued treatment due to adverse events. These include: pump pocket infections (3), meningitis (2), wound dehiscence (1), gynecological fibroids (1) and pump overpressurization (1) with unknown, if any, sequela. Eleven patients who developed coma secondary to overdose had their treatment temporarily suspended, but all were subsequently re-started and were not, therefore, con- sidered to be true discontinuations.

Fatalities — See Warnings.

Incidence in Controlled Trials — Experience with LIORESAL INTRATHECAL (baclofen injection) obtained in parallel, placebo-controlled, randomized studies provides only a limited basis for estimating the incidence of adverse events because the studies were of very brief duration (up to three days of infusion) and involved only a total of 63 patients. The following events occurred among the 31 patients receiving LIORESAL INTRATHECAL (baclofen injection) in two randomized, placebo- controlled trials: hypotension (2), dizziness (2), headache (2), dyspnea (1). No adverse events were reported among the 32 patients receiving placebo in these studies.

Events Observed during the Pre- and Post- marketing Evaluation of LIORESAL INTRATHECAL — Adverse events associated with the use of LIORESAL INTRATHECAL reflect experience gained with 576 patients followed prospectively in the United States. They received LIORESAL INTRATHECAL for periods of one day (screening) (N = 576) to over eight years (maintenance) (N = 10). The usual screening bolus dose administered prior to pump implantation in these studies was typically 50 mcg. The maintenance dose ranged from 12 mcg to 2003 mcg per day. Because of the open, uncontrolled nature of the experience, a causal linkage between events observed and the administration of LIORESAL INTRATHECAL cannot be reliably assessed in many cases and many of the adverse events reported are known to occur in association with the underlying conditions being treated. Nonetheless, many of the more commonly reported reactions— hypotonia, somnolence, dizziness, paresthesia, nausea/vomiting and headache— appear clearly drug-related.

Adverse experiences reported during all U.S. studies (both controlled and uncontrolled) are shown in the following table. Eight of 474 patients who received chronic infusion via implanted pumps had adverse experiences which led to a discontinuation of long term treatment in the pre- and post- marketing studies.

INCIDENCE OF MOST FREQUENT (≥1%) ADVERSE EVENTS IN PATIENTS WITH SPASTICITY OF SPINAL ORIGIN IN PROSPECTIVELY MONITORED CLINICAL TRIALS
Percent of Patients Reporting Events
N = 576 N = 474 N = 430
ScreeningaTitrationbMaintenancec
PercentPercentPercent

a Following administration of test bolus

b Two month period following implant

c Beyond two months following implant

N= total number of patients entering each period

%=% of patients evaluated

Adverse Event
Hypotonia5.413.525.3
Somnolence5.75.920.9
Dizziness1.71.97.9
Paresthesia2.42.16.7
Nausea and Vomiting1.62.35.6
Headache1.62.5 5.1
Constipation0.2 1.55.1
Convulsion0.51.3 4.7
Urinary Retention0.71.71.9
Dry Mouth0.20.43.3
Accidental Injury0.00.23.5
Asthenia0.71.31.4
Confusion0.50.62.3
Death 0.20.43.0
Pain0.0 0.63.0
Speech Disorder0.00.23.5
Hypotension1.00.21.9
Ambylopia0.50.22.3
Diarrhea0.00.82.3
Hypoventilation0.2 0.82.1
Coma0.01.50.9
Impotence0.20.41.6
Peripheral Edema0.0 0.02.3
Urinary Incontinence0.00.81.4
Insomnia0.00.41.6
Anxiety0.20.40.9
Depression0.00.01.6
Dyspnea0.3 0.01.2
Fever0.50.20.7
Pneumonia0.2 0.21.2
Urinary Frequency0.00.60.9
Urticaria0.20.21.2
Anorexia0.00.40.9
Diplopia0.00.40.9
Dysautonomia0.20.20.9
Hallucinations0.30.40.5
Hypertension0.20.60.5

In addition to the more common (1% or more) adverse events reported in the prospectively followed 576 domestic patients in pre- and post- marketing studies, experience from an additional 194 patients exposed to LIORESAL INTRATHECAL (baclofen injection) from foreign studies has been reported. The following adverse events, not described in the table, and arranged in decreasing order of frequency, and classified by body system, were reported:

Nervous System: Abnormal gait, thinking abnormal, tremor, amnesia, twitching, vasodilitation, cerebrovascular accident, nystagmus, personality disorder, psychotic depression, cerebral ischemia, emotional lability, euphoria, hypertonia, ileus, drug dependence, incoordination, paranoid reaction and ptosis.

Digestive System: Flatulence, dysphagia, dyspepsia and gastroenteritis.

Cardiovascular: Postural hypotension, bradycardia, palpitations, syncope, arrhythmia ventricular, deep thrombophlebitis, pallor and tachycardia.

Respiratory: Respiratory disorder, aspiration pneumonia, hyperventilation, pulmonary embolus and rhinitis.

Urogenital: Hematuria and kidney failure.

Skin and Appendages: Alopecia and sweating.

Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders: Weight loss, albuminuria, dehydration and hyperglycemia.

Special Senses: Abnormal vision, abnormality of accommodation, photophobia, taste loss and tinnitus.

Body as a Whole: Suicide, lack of drug effect, abdominal pain, hypothermia, neck rigidity, chest pain, chills, face edema, flu syndrome and overdose.

Hemic and Lymphatic System: Anemia.

Spasticity of Cerebral Origin:

Commonly Observed — In pre- marketing clinical trials, the most commonly observed adverse events associated with use of LIORESAL INTRATHECAL (baclofen injection) which were not seen at an equivalent incidence among placebo-treated patients included: agitation, constipation, somnolence, leukocytosis, chills, urinary retention and hypotonia.

Associated with Discontinuation of Treatment — Nine of 211 patients receiving LIORESAL INTRATHECAL in pre-marketing clinical studies in the U.S. discontinued long term infusion due to adverse events associated with intrathecal therapy.

The nine adverse events leading to discontinuation were: infection (3), CSF leaks (2), meningitis (2), drainage (1), and unmanageable trunk control (1).

Fatalities — Three deaths, none of which were attributed to LIORESAL INTRATHECAL, were reported in patients in clinical trials involving patients with spasticity of cerebral origin. See Warnings on other deaths reported in spinal spasticity patients.

Incidence in Controlled Trials — Experience with LIORESAL INTRATHECAL (baclofen injection) obtained in parallel, placebo-controlled, randomized studies provides only a limited basis for estimating the incidence of adverse events because the studies involved a total of 62 patients exposed to a single 50 mcg intrathecal bolus. The following events occurred among the 62 patients receiving LIORESAL INTRATHECAL in two randomized, placebo-controlled trials involving cerebral palsy and head injury patients, respectively: agitation, constipation, somnolence, leukocytosis, nausea, vomiting, nystagmus, chills, urinary retention, and hypotonia.

Events Observed during the Pre- marketing Evaluation of LIORESAL INTRATHECAL — Adverse events associated with the use of LIORESAL INTRATHECAL reflect experience gained with a total of 211 U. S. patients with spasticity of cerebral origin, of whom 112 were pediatric patients (under age 16 at enrollment). They received LIORESAL INTRATHECAL for periods of one day (screening) (N= 211) to 84 months (maintenance) (N= 1). The usual screening bolus dose administered prior to pump implantation in these studies was 50- 75 mcg. The maintenance dose ranged from 22 mcg to 1400 mcg per day. Doses used in this patient population for long term infusion are generally lower than those required for patients with spasticity of spinal cord origin.

Because of the open, uncontrolled nature of the experience, a causal linkage between events observed and the administration of LIORESAL INTRATHECAL cannot be reliably assessed in many cases. Nonetheless, many of the more commonly reported reactions— somnolence, dizziness, headache, nausea, hypotension, hypotonia and coma— appear clearly drug-related.

The most frequent (≥1%) adverse events reported during all clinical trials are shown in the following table. Nine patients discontinued long term treatment due to adverse events.

INCIDENCE OF MOST FREQUENT (≥ 1%) ADVERSE EVENTS IN PATIENTS WITH SPASTICITY OF CEREBRAL ORIGIN IN PROSPECTIVELY MONITORED CLINICAL TRIALS
Percent of Patients Reporting Events
N = 211 N = 153 N = 150
ScreeningaTitrationbMaintenancec
Percent Percent Percent

a Following administration of test bolus

b Two month period following implant

c Beyond two months following implant

N= Total number of patients entering each period. 211 patients received drug; (1 of 212) received placebo only.

Adverse Event
Hypotonia2.4 14.434.7
Somnolence7.610.518.7
Headache6.67.810.7
Nausea and Vomiting6.610.54.0
Vomiting6.28.54.0
Urinary Retention0.96.58.0
Convulsion0.93.310.0
Dizziness2.4 2.68.0
Nausea1.43.37.3
Hypoventilation1.41.34.0
Hypertonia0.00.76.0
Paresthesia1.90.73.3
Hypotension1.90.72.0
Increased Salivation0.02.62.7
Back Pain0.90.72.0
Constipation0.51.32.0
Pain0.00.04.0
Pruritus0.00.04.0
Diarrhea0.50.72.0
Peripheral Edema0.00.03.3
Thinking Abnormal0.51.30.7
Agitation0.50.01.3
Asthenia0.00.02.0
Chills0.50.01.3
Coma0.50.01.3
Dry Mouth0.50.01.3
Pneumonia0.00.02.0
Speech Disorder0.50.70.7
Tremor0.50.01.3
Urinary Incontinence0.00.02.0
Urination Impaired0.00.02.0

The more common (1% or more) adverse events reported in the prospectively followed 211 patients exposed to LIORESAL INTRATHECAL (baclofen injection) have been reported. In the total cohort, the following adverse events, not described in the table, and arranged in decreasing order of frequency, and classified by body system, were reported:

Nervous System: Akathisia, ataxia, confusion, depression, opisthotonos, amnesia, anxiety, halluci- nations, hysteria, insomnia, nystagmus, personality disorder, reflexes decreased, and vasodilitation.

Digestive System: Dysphagia, fecal incontinence, gastrointestinal hemorrhage and tongue disorder.

Cardiovascular: Bradycardia.

Respiratory: Apnea, dyspnea and hyperventilation.

Urogenital: Abnormal ejaculation, kidney calculus, oliguria and vaginitis.

Skin and Appendages: Rash, sweating, alopecia, contact dermatitis and skin ulcer.

Special Senses: Abnormality of accommodation.

Body as a Whole: Death, fever, abdominal pain, carcinoma, malaise and hypothermia.

Hemic and Lymphatic System: Leukocytosis and petechial rash.



REPORTS OF SUSPECTED LIORESAL SIDE EFFECTS / ADVERSE REACTIONS

Below is a sample of reports where side effects / adverse reactions may be related to Lioresal. The information is not vetted and should not be considered as verified clinical evidence.

Possible Lioresal side effects / adverse reactions in 73 year old male

Reported by a physician from United States on 2011-10-04

Patient: 73 year old male

Reactions: Confusional State, Pump Reservoir Issue, Device Ineffective, Implant Site Effusion, Coma, Headache, Delirium, Device Computer Issue, Overdose, Device Power Source Issue, Device Connection Issue, Intracranial Hypotension, Lethargy

Adverse event resulted in: life threatening event, hospitalization

Suspect drug(s):
Lioresal



Possible Lioresal side effects / adverse reactions in 4 year old male

Reported by a physician from United States on 2011-10-07

Patient: 4 year old male

Reactions: Autonomic Nervous System Imbalance, Urinary Tract Infection, Brain Oedema, Mental Status Changes, Pyrexia, Hydrocephalus, Intracranial Pressure Increased

Adverse event resulted in: death, hospitalization

Suspect drug(s):
Lioresal



Possible Lioresal side effects / adverse reactions in 4 year old male

Reported by a physician from United States on 2011-10-11

Patient: 4 year old male

Reactions: Abdominal Pain, Pneumonia, Vomiting, Urinary Tract Infection, Implant Site Effusion, Intracranial Pressure Increased

Adverse event resulted in: hospitalization

Suspect drug(s):
Lioresal



See index of all Lioresal side effect reports >>

Drug label data at the top of this Page last updated: 2006-08-24

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2014