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Lidocaine and Epinephrine (Lidocaine Hydrochloride / Epinephrine Epidural) - Summary



Lidocaine Hydrochloride and Epinephrine Injection, USP is a sterile, nonpyrogenic solution of lidocaine hydrochloride and epinephrine in water for injection for parenteral administration in various concentrations.

Lidocaine Hydrochloride and Epinephrine Injection, USP is indicated for production of local or regional anesthesia by infiltration techniques such as percutaneous injection, by peripheral nerve block techniques such as brachial plexus and intercostal and by central neural techniques such as lumbar and caudal epidural blocks, when the accepted procedures for these techniques as described in standard textbooks are observed.


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Media Articles Related to Lidocaine and Epinephrine (Lidocaine / Epinephrine Epidural)

Study in mice suggests how anesthesia may fight lung infections
Source: Flu / Cold / SARS News From Medical News Today [2015.09.02]
In use for more than a century, inhaled anesthetics like nitrous oxide and halothane have made modern surgery possible.

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Published Studies Related to Lidocaine and Epinephrine (Lidocaine / Epinephrine Epidural)

Preemptive peritonsillar infiltration with lidocaine for relief of bipolar adult post-tonsillectomy pain: a randomized, double-blinded clinical study. [2013]
There are discordant results in the studies of the peritonsillar infiltration in adults undergoing the tonsillectomy. The study is to compare the effect of the preemptive peritonsillar infiltration with lidocaine in bipolar tonsillectomy in adult...

Faster onset and more comfortable injection with alkalinized 2% lidocaine with epinephrine 1:100,000. [2013]
(IANBs)... CONCLUSIONS: Alkalinizing lidocaine with epinephrine toward physiologic pH

A comparison of the efficacy of 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine and 2% lidocaine with 1:80,000 epinephrine in achieving pulpal anesthesia in maxillary teeth with irreversible pulpitis. [2012]
anesthesia in maxillary teeth with irreversible pulpitis... CONCLUSIONS: There was no significant difference in efficacy between 4% articaine

Influence of intranasal epinephrine and lidocaine spray on olfactory function tests in healthy human subjects. [2011.12]
Objective. Although topical decongestants and anesthetics are widely used in preparation for nasal endoscopy, no controlled trials have evaluated the effects of these agents on olfaction.Neither topical intranasal phenylephrine nor lidocaine use affected the results of the olfactory test, even when the agents were used in combination.

Effect of intravenous lidocaine associated with amitriptyline on pain relief and plasma serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine concentrations in fibromyalgia. [2011.05]
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of intravenous lidocaine combined with amitriptyline on pain relief and plasma serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine levels... CONCLUSIONS: Combined administration of 240 mg intravenous lidocaine (once a week) and 25 mg amitriptyline for 4 weeks did not modify pain intensity or plasma serotonin, norepinephrine, or dopamine concentrations in fibromyalgia patients.

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Clinical Trials Related to Lidocaine and Epinephrine (Lidocaine / Epinephrine Epidural)

Tumescent Lidocaine Maximum Safe mg/kg Dosage [Enrolling by invitation]
This pharmacokinetic clinical trial is a dose ranging study of lidocaine in tumescent local anesthesia. The goal is to understand the absorption pharmacokinetic of tumescent lidocaine and to determine an objective (statistical) estimate of the maximum safe mg/kg dosage of lidocaine in tumescent local anesthesia without liposuction.

Lidocaine Infusion for Chronic Pain in Opioid Dependent Patients [Recruiting]
Prescription drug abuse represents a major healthcare problem, with treatment costs reaching billions of dollars annually in the United States alone. Today opioids are commonly prescribed for chronic non-cancer pain and are only partially effective for short-term pain relief. Whereas opioids are initially part of the solution for pain, it eventually often turns to be a problem in patient with chronic pain. Long-term treatment with opioids can be complicated by development of tolerance, dependency, addiction, abnormal pain sensitivity, hormonal changes, and immune modulation. Unfortunately, the chronic use of anti-inflammatory drugs is associated with a marked increase in adverse effects. The purpose of this study is to determine whether systemic administration of lidocaine provides effective pain relief in opioid dependent chronic pain patients. Investigators intend to demonstrate that lidocaine infusion can improve pain relief and physical function in opioid dependent patients, thus improving compliance and patient satisfaction, which may potentially help wean patients off narcotics. The long-term goal of this proposal is to decrease opioid dependence in chronic pain patients by using lidocaine infusion.

Lidocaine: Effect of Lidocaine in Chronic Cough [Completed]
People cough in order to clear their airways. Most coughs are caused by viruses and settle down by themselves, but some people develop persistent coughing which can be anywhere from 8 weeks to several years. This is called chronic cough. People with chronic cough find the symptom distressing and it can have a major impact on their quality of life. Patients with chronic cough often report a sensation at the back of their throat which makes them feel an urge to cough. There is some evidence that Lidocaine (an anaesthetic used during medical procedures) can suppress a person's cough when given to patients via a nebuliser (a machine that turns liquid into a fine mist). It is currently unknown whether using a local anaesthetic, such as Lidocaine, in the form of a throat spray would successfully suppress a person's cough. A throat spray would be an easier treatment option in chronic cough patients. Thus, the investigators research aims to compare cough rates, severity and urge to cough scores between Lidocaine throat spray and nebulised Lidocaine.

Lidocaine Infusion as a Treatment for Cocaine Relapse and Craving [Recruiting]
We propose that the systemic administration of lidocaine following the induction of cue-induced craving, relative to saline plus cue-induced craving or lidocaine without cue-induced craving, will block the reconsolidation of cue memories. This will lead to a reduction in cue-induced craving upon repeated testing as well as subsequent cocaine use and basal craving.

Comparison Between Lidocaine, Dexmedetomidine, and Their Combined Infusion in Subjects Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft [Completed]
The aim of the present study is to compare the antiarrhythmic and myocardial protective effect between lidocaine, dexmedetomidine, and their combined infusion in subjects undergoing coronary artery bypass graft.

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Page last updated: 2015-09-02

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