Lidocaine Hydrochloride and Epinephrine Injection, USP is a sterile, nonpyrogenic solution of lidocaine hydrochloride and epinephrine in water for injection for parenteral administration in various concentrations.
Lidocaine is a local anesthetic of the amide type.
Epinephrine, USP is a sympathomimetic (adrenergic) agent.
Lidocaine Hydrochloride and Epinephrine Injection, USP is indicated for production of local or regional anesthesia by infiltration techniques such as percutaneous injection, by peripheral nerve block techniques such as brachial plexus and intercostal and by central neural techniques such as lumbar and caudal epidural blocks, when the accepted procedures for these techniques as described in standard textbooks are observed.
Media Articles Related to Lidocaine and Epinephrine (Lidocaine / Epinephrine Epidural)
The Death of Joan Rivers: Endoscopy and Anesthesia Risks
Source: MedicineNet Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay Specialty [2014.12.09]
Title: The Death of Joan Rivers: Endoscopy and Anesthesia Risks
Category: Doctor's Views
Created: 9/8/2014 12:00:00 AM
Last Editorial Review: 12/9/2014 12:00:00 AM
The ups and downs of the seemingly idle brain
Source: Neurology / Neuroscience News From Medical News Today [2015.01.22]
Even in its quietest moments, the brain is never "off." Instead, while under anesthesia, during slow-wave sleep, or even amid calm wakefulness, the brain's cortex maintains a cycle of activity and...
Published Studies Related to Lidocaine and Epinephrine (Lidocaine / Epinephrine Epidural)
Preemptive peritonsillar infiltration with lidocaine for relief of bipolar adult
post-tonsillectomy pain: a randomized, double-blinded clinical study. 
There are discordant results in the studies of the peritonsillar infiltration in
adults undergoing the tonsillectomy. The study is to compare the effect of the
preemptive peritonsillar infiltration with lidocaine in bipolar tonsillectomy in
Faster onset and more comfortable injection with alkalinized 2% lidocaine with
epinephrine 1:100,000. 
(IANBs)... CONCLUSIONS: Alkalinizing lidocaine with epinephrine toward physiologic pH
A comparison of the efficacy of 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine and 2%
lidocaine with 1:80,000 epinephrine in achieving pulpal anesthesia in maxillary
teeth with irreversible pulpitis. 
anesthesia in maxillary teeth with irreversible pulpitis... CONCLUSIONS: There was no significant difference in efficacy between 4% articaine
Influence of intranasal epinephrine and lidocaine spray on olfactory function tests in healthy human subjects. [2011.12]
Objective. Although topical decongestants and anesthetics are widely used in preparation for nasal endoscopy, no controlled trials have evaluated the effects of these agents on olfaction.Neither topical intranasal phenylephrine nor lidocaine use affected the results of the olfactory test, even when the agents were used in combination.
Effect of intravenous lidocaine associated with amitriptyline on pain relief and plasma serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine concentrations in fibromyalgia. [2011.05]
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of intravenous lidocaine combined with amitriptyline on pain relief and plasma serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine levels... CONCLUSIONS: Combined administration of 240 mg intravenous lidocaine (once a week) and 25 mg amitriptyline for 4 weeks did not modify pain intensity or plasma serotonin, norepinephrine, or dopamine concentrations in fibromyalgia patients.
Clinical Trials Related to Lidocaine and Epinephrine (Lidocaine / Epinephrine Epidural)
Comparison of the Total Dose and Efficacy of Two Lidocaine Concentrations Needed for Cutaneous Surgery Local Anesthesia [Completed]
The purpose of the study will be to demonstrate whether Mohs micrographic surgery can be
performed with a lower total dose of local anesthesia (and greater patient safety) when using
0. 5% lidocaine with 1: 200,000 epinephrine versus 1% lidocaine with 1: 100,000 epinephrine.
Preemptive Analgesia for Postlaminectomy [Completed]
To relieve post laminectomy pain, we have tried intraoperative perineural injection of
lidocaine right after the exposure in expecting that this would be preemptive analgesia by
blocking the nerve transmission so that postoperative pain starts later and lighter.
Lidocaine Lubricant in Pediatric Urethral Catheterization [Completed]
In Emergency Departments (ED) across the nation there is renewed interest in finding ways to
alleviate the pain and discomfort associated with many of the procedures that children must
undergo. In a policy by the American Academy of Pediatrics, a nationally recognized advocate
for children, physicians are urged to advocate for child-specific research in pain management
and the effective use of pain medication to ensure compassionate and competent management of
pain. (AAP Statement, 2001) Pediatric urethral catheterizations are one such procedure in
which children experience significant pain.(11) In present care, children over 2 months of
age do not routinely receive intervention for urethral catheterization related anxiety and
pain, and, anecdotal reports suggest that most require physical restraint to complete the
procedure. Lidocaine is an anesthetic agent that provides relief from pain during many
commonly performed ED procedures. Intraurethral Lidocaine has been shown to decrease pain
associated with urethral catheter placement in cystograms, however, Lidocaine is not
routinely used for urethral catheterizations in the CHOA ED.
This study aims to investigate the potential use of Lidocaine as an anesthetic agent during
urethral catheterization of children. Recently, two specific studies were performed
investigating the use of Lidocaine to decrease discomfort associated with urethral
catheterization. Using the strengths of both previously published studies, our study will use
Lidocaine both topically and instilled into the urethra. Investigators plan to perform a
prospective three-arm double-blinded randomized clinical trial investigating the
effectiveness of Lidocaine jelly as a analgesic when used as a lubricant for urinary
catheterization. Investigators aim to demonstrate that Lidocaine used as a lubricant
anesthetic for urethral catheterization will provide a safe, time-efficient, and relatively
easy way to decrease pediatric pain in the emergency department setting.
Efficacy and Safety Study of Lidocaine Vaginal Gel for Recurrent Dysmenorrhea (Painful Periods) [Active, not recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to determine whether lidocaine vaginal gel is safe and effective
for preventing or reducing the severity of dysmenorrhea (painful menstrual periods) compared
to placebo (inactive gel).
Lidocaine Supplement for Minimal Invasive Parathyroid Surgery [Completed]
1. To determine if the application of lidocaine to the airway will obtund or abolish the
laryngeal reflexes. This in turn will lead to a quiescent controlled surgical field.