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Leucovorin (Leucovorin Calcium) - Summary



Leucovorin calcium tablets USP contain either 5 mg or 25 mg leucovorin as the calcium salt of N -[4-[[(2-amino-5-formyl-1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8-hexahydro-4-oxo-6-pteridinyl)methyl] amino]benzoyl]- L -glutamic acid. This is equivalent to 5.4 mg or 27.01 mg of anhydrous leucovorin calcium, respectively.

Leucovorin calcium tablets USP are indicated to diminish the toxicity and counteract the effects of impaired methotrexate elimination and of inadvertent overdosages of folic acid antagonists.


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Published Studies Related to Leucovorin

A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 2 study of maintenance enzastaurin with 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin plus bevacizumab after first-line therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer. [2012]
maintenance therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC)... CONCLUSIONS: Enzastaurin combined with bevacizumab-based therapy is tolerable,

Single-agent irinotecan or 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin (FOLFIRI) as second-line chemotherapy for advanced colorectal cancer; results of a randomised phase II study (DaVINCI) and meta-analysis. [2011.08]
BACKGROUND: Second-line treatment with irinotecan for advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer prolongs survival. It is uncertain whether irinotecan is better administered with 5-fluorouracil or alone in patients previously treated with a fluoropyrimidine. We compared toxicity (particularly diarrhoea), quality of life, and efficacy of combination chemotherapy and irinotecan in these patients... INTERPRETATION: Combination treatment compared with single-agent irinotecan reduces alopecia and diarrhoea without compromising efficacy on clinical outcomes. Both regimens remain as reasonable treatment options. FUNDING: Research grant (Pfizer). Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Cetuximab plus irinotecan, fluorouracil, and leucovorin as first-line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer: updated analysis of overall survival according to tumor KRAS and BRAF mutation status. [2011.05.20]
PURPOSE: The addition of cetuximab to irinotecan, fluorouracil, and leucovorin (FOLFIRI) as first-line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) was shown to reduce the risk of disease progression and increase the chance of response in patients with KRAS wild-type disease. An updated survival analysis, including additional patients analyzed for tumor mutation status, was undertaken... CONCLUSION: The addition of cetuximab to FOLFIRI as first-line therapy improves survival in patients with KRAS wild-type mCRC. BRAF tumor mutation is an indicator of poor prognosis.

Capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (XELOX) versus 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin plus oxaliplatin (FOLFOX-6) as first-line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer. [2011.02.01]
A regimen consisting of 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin plus oxaliplatin (FOLFOX-6) is widely used in France in the first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC). The aim of our study was to demonstrate the non-inferiority of capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (XELOX) versus FOLFOX-6 for this indication...

A randomized phase III trial of adjuvant chemotherapy with irinotecan, leucovorin and fluorouracil versus leucovorin and fluorouracil for stage II and III colon cancer: a Hellenic Cooperative Oncology Group study. [2011.01.31]
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer is a public health problem worldwide. Adjuvant chemotherapy after surgical resection for stage III colon cancer has been shown to improve both progression-free and overall survival, and is currently recommended as standard therapy. However, its value for patients with stage II disease remains controversial. When this study was designed 5-fluorouracil (5FU) plus leucovorin (LV) was standard adjuvant treatment for colon cancer. Irinotecan (CPT-11) is a topoisomerase I inhibitor with activity in metastatic disease. In this multicenter adjuvant phase III trial, we evaluated the addition of irinotecan to weekly 5FU plus LV in patients with stage II or III colon cancer... CONCLUSIONS: Irinotecan added to weekly bolus 5FU plus LV did not result in improvement in disease-free or overall survival in stage II or III colon cancer, but did increase toxicity. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12610000148077.

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Clinical Trials Related to Leucovorin

Study of MM-398 With or Without 5-Fluorouracil and Leucovorin, Versus 5-Fluorouracil and Leucovorin in Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer [Recruiting]
The study is an open label, randomized phase 3 study of MM-398 with or without 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) and Leucovorin (also known as folinic acid), versus 5-FU and leucovorin in metastatic pancreatic cancer patients who have progressed on prior gemcitabine based therapy.

Study of Taxotere, Cisplatin, 5-Fluorouracil, and Leucovorin for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and maximum tolerated dose of the combination taxotere, cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin. We will also preliminarily assess whether the combination is effective in treating squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

S-1/Leucovorin (SL) Versus sLV5FU2 as the First-line Treatment for Elderly Patients With Colorectal Cancer [Recruiting]
This phase II trial on the assumption that S-1 combined with Leucovorin may have better efficacy and safety than simplified 5-FU/LV infusion therapy in elderly patients with advanced colorectal cancer.

Lenalidomide in Combination With Bevacizumab, Sorafenib, Temsirolimus, or 5-Fluorouracil, Leucovorin, Oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) [Recruiting]
The goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable doses of the combinations of lenalidomide and other drugs that can be given to patients with advanced cancer. The safety of the drug combinations will also be studied.

Hepatic Arterial Infusion Oxaliplatin + 5FU, Leucovorin, and Bevacizumab +/- Cetuximab [Recruiting]
The goal of this clinical research study is to find the best combination of oxaliplatin, bevacizumab, 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, and cetuximab that can be given to patients with advanced cancer that has spread to the liver. Different combinations of these drugs will be used, and the safety of all drug combinations will also be studied.

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Page last updated: 2013-02-10

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