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K-TAB (Potassium Chloride) - Summary

 
 



K-TAB SUMMARY

K-TAB®
(potassium chloride extended-release tablets, USP)

K-TAB (potassium chloride extended-release tablets) is a solid oral dosage form of potassium chloride containing 750 mg of potassium chloride, USP, equivalent to 10 mEq of potassium in a film-coated (not enteric-coated), wax matrix tablet. This formulation is intended to slow the release of potassium so that the likelihood of a high localized concentration of potassium chloride within the gastrointestinal tract is reduced. The expended inert, porous, wax/polymer matrix is not absorbed and may be excreted intact in the stool.

BECAUSE OF REPORTS OF INTESTINAL AND GASTRIC ULCERATION AND BLEEDING WITH CONTROLLED-RELEASE POTASSIUM CHLORIDE PREPARATIONS, THESE DRUGS SHOULD BE RESERVED FOR THOSE PATIENTS WHO CANNOT TOLERATE OR REFUSE TO TAKE LIQUID OR EFFERVESCENT POTASSIUM PREPARATIONS, OR FOR PATIENTS WITH WHOM THERE IS A PROBLEM OF COMPLIANCE WITH THESE PREPARATIONS.

  1. For the treatment of patients with hypokalemia with or without metabolic alkalosis, in digitalis intoxication, and in patients with hypokalemic familial periodic paralysis. If hypokalemia is the result of diuretic therapy, consideration should be given to the use of a lower dose of diuretic, which may be sufficient without leading to hypokalemia.
  2. For the prevention of hypokalemia in patients who would be at particular risk if hypokalemia were to develop, e.g., digitalized patients or patients with significant cardiac arrhythmias.

The use of potassium salts in patients receiving diuretics for uncomplicated essential hypertension is often unnecessary when such patients have a normal dietary pattern, and when low doses of the diuretic are used. Serum potassium should be checked periodically, however, and, if hypokalemia occurs, dietary supplementation with potassium-containing foods may be adequate to control milder cases. In more severe cases and if dose adjustment of the diuretic is ineffective or unwarranted supplementation with potassium salts may be indicated.


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NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Media Articles Related to K-TAB (Potassium Chloride)

Worldwide Recall of Potassium, Sodium Chloride IV Solutions
Source: Medscape Today Headlines [2014.07.17]
The presence of foreign matter has prompted Baxter International to recall 3 lots of 0.9% sodium chloride and 1 lot of potassium chloride IV solutions, about 940,000 individual units in total.
News Alerts

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Published Studies Related to K-TAB (Potassium Chloride)

A double-blind, randomized, parallel, placebo-controlled study examining the effect of cross-linked polyelectrolyte in heart failure patients with chronic kidney disease. [2012]
CONCLUSION: In advanced, symptomatic HF with CKD, CLP is associated with

Efficacy of a commercial dentifrice containing 2% strontium chloride and 5% potassium nitrate for dentin hypersensitivity: a 3-day clinical study in adults in China. [2012]
silica base without any active ingredient (control dentifrice)... CONCLUSION: In these patients with DH in China, the dentifrice containing 2%

One single dose of histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution gives equally good myocardial protection in elective mitral valve surgery as repetitive cold blood cardioplegia: a prospective randomized study. [2011.04]
OBJECTIVES: Histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK-Custodiol) cardioplegic solution is administered as one single dose for more than 2 hours of ischemia. No prospective randomized clinical study has compared the effects of HTK and cold blood cardioplegia on myocardial damage in elective mitral valve surgery. Thus, the main aim of the present study was to examine whether one single dose of cold antegrade HTK gives as good myocardial protection as repetitive antegrade cold blood cardioplegia in mitral valve surgery... CONCLUSIONS: One single dose of antegrade cold HTK cardioplegic solution in elective mitral valve surgery protects the myocardium equally well as repetitive antegrade cold blood cardioplegia. Copyright (c) 2011 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

Improving outcome of treatment of kala-azar by supplementation of amphotericin B with physiologic saline and potassium chloride. [2010.11]
Complications of amphotericin B limit its wide application in the treatment of patients with kala-azar. This study was undertaken with an aim to minimize anti-renal complications and severe rigor in course of treatment with this drug... Supplementation of amphotericin B with 500 mL of physiologic saline and 30 mL (60 meq/L) of KCl during treatment could help prevent an increase in serum creatinine levels and severe rigor and would make the treatment of kala-azar with amphotericin B easier.

Push-out bond strength of mineral trioxide aggregate in the presence of alkaline pH. [2010.11]
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a range of alkaline pH values on the push-out strength of white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA)... CONCLUSIONS: Push-out bond strength of WMTA could be influenced by different alkaline pH values. Copyright (c) 2010 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Clinical Trials Related to K-TAB (Potassium Chloride)

Comparison of Two Potassium Targets Within the Normal Range in Intensive Care Patients [Recruiting]
Rationale: It is well known that distinctly abnormal blood potassium values can cause serious complications such as cardiac arrhythmias. Although potassium regulation is generally considered important, hardly any research has been done about potassium regulation in intensive care patients. The investigators hypothesize that different potassium target-values, within the as normal accepted range, may have different effects in critically ill patients.

Study design: A prospective trial comparing two different potassium target-values. Potassium will be tightly regulated with the already fully operational GRIP-II computer program.

Study population: 1200 adult patients admitted at the thoracic intensive care unit of the University Medical Center Groningen.

Intervention: Comparison between two variations of standard therapy: potassium target-value of 4. 0 mmol/L versus 4. 5 mmol/L.

Main study parameters/endpoints: The primary endpoint is the incidence of atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter from ICU-admission to hospital discharge. Secondary endpoints are serum levels of potassium and the other main electrolytes, renal function and renal potassium excretion, the relation with insulin and glucose, the cumulative fluid balance, (ICU) length of stay and mortality.

Potassium Intake in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease [Recruiting]
Chronic kidney disease is associated with high blood pressure, heart disease, and strokes. Potassium lowers blood pressure and may help prevent heart disease and strokes in the general population, but has not been well-studied in people with kidney disease. This study will look at the benefits and safety of two levels of potassium intake in patients with kidney disease. We expect that a higher level of potassium intake safely lowers blood pressure compared to a lower level of potassium intake. We hope that this and other research projects will help us to learn more so that guidelines can be created for potassium intake in patients with chronic kidney disease

The Circadian Rhythm of Potassium and Cystatin C [Recruiting]
The potassium value is important to prevent cardiac arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. In patients with renal failure, the potassium value is not stable and tends to raise. Until now there are no data available if the potassium value has a circadian rhythm and if there are individual changes from day to day.

Effect of Rapid Transfusion With Fluid Management System (FMS) on Plasma Potassium in Liver Transplantation Recipients [Recruiting]
Rapid infusion of red blood cells is known to result in hyperkalemia in the body. However, potassium concentration in the blood mixture (usually made of RBC, FFP and normal saline) in the reservoir of rapid infusion system and its effect on the plasma potassium change during rapid transfusion are unknown. This study is designed to investigate these changes while massive transfusion is performed during liver transplantation surgery.

Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Oral Potassium Citrate on the Prevention of Nephrocalcinosis in Extreme Premature [Not yet recruiting]

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Reports of Suspected K-TAB (Potassium Chloride) Side Effects

Rash (3)Pain (2)Medication Residue (2)Psoriasis (2)Asthma (1)Hypersensitivity (1)Tongue Discolouration (1)Drug Ineffective (1)Abdominal Pain Upper (1)Faeces Discoloured (1)more >>


Page last updated: 2014-07-17

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