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Januvia (Sitagliptin) - Summary

 
 



JANUVIA SUMMARY

JANUVIA Tablets contain sitagliptin phosphate, an orally-active inhibitor of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) enzyme.

Monotherapy and Combination Therapy

JANUVIA® is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. [See Clinical Studies.]

Important Limitations of Use

JANUVIA should not be used in patients with type 1 diabetes or for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis, as it would not be effective in these settings.

JANUVIA has not been studied in patients with a history of pancreatitis. It is unknown whether patients with a history of pancreatitis are at increased risk for the development of pancreatitis while using JANUVIA. [See Warnings and Precautions.]


See all Januvia indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Januvia (Sitagliptin)

Anagliptin and sitagliptin as add-ons to metformin for patients with type 2 diabetes: a 24-week, multicentre, randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, phase III clinical trial with a 28-week extension. [2015]
We conducted a 24-week, multicentre, double-blind, randomized study with a 28-week extension to compare the efficacy and safety of anagliptin and sitagliptin as an add-on to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients inadequately controlled on metformin were randomized to either anagliptin (100 mg twice daily, n = 92) or sitagliptin (100 mg once daily, n = 88)...

The impact of weight loss on weight-related quality of life and health satisfaction: results from a trial comparing canagliflozin with sitagliptin in triple therapy among people with type 2 diabetes. [2014]
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is primarily a self-managed disease in which self-care behaviors play an important role in achieving optimal outcomes... Weight loss of an amount demonstrated in clinical trials of canagliflozin was associated with improvements in weight-related quality of life and satisfaction with physical and emotional health, concepts shown to be important to the persistent and consistent performance of healthy behaviors.

Safety of sitagliptin in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes: a pooled analysis of 25 clinical studies. [2014]
sitagliptin 100 mg/day in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes... CONCLUSIONS: In this pooled safety analysis of elderly patients with type 2

Rationale, design, and organization of a randomized, controlled Trial Evaluating Cardiovascular Outcomes with Sitagliptin (TECOS) in patients with type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease. [2013]
Sitagliptin, an oral dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, lowers blood glucose when administered as monotherapy or in combination with other antihyperglycemic agents. TECOS will evaluate the effects of adding sitagliptin to usual diabetes care on cardiovascular outcomes and clinical safety... TECOS is a pragmatic-design cardiovascular outcome trial assessing the cardiovascular effects of sitagliptin when added to usual T2DM management.

Efficacy and tolerability of exenatide once weekly versus sitagliptin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a retrospective analysis of pooled clinical trial data. [2013]
and American College of Endocrinology treatment algorithm... CONCLUSION: Significantly greater improvements in HbA1c and FBG levels were

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Januvia (Sitagliptin)

A Study of the Efficacy and Safety of MK-0431D (a Fixed-dose Combination of Sitagliptin and Simvastatin) for the Treatment of Participants With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) With Inadequate Glycemic Control on Metformin Monotherapy (MK-0431D-266) [Terminated]
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of sitagliptin/simvastatin fixed-dose combination (FDC) in participants with T2DM who have inadequate glycemic control while on metformin monotherapy. The primary hypothesis of this study is that after 16 weeks of therapy, the mean change from baseline in hemoglobin A1C (A1C) in participants treated with sitagliptin/simvastatin FDC is non-inferior compared to sitagliptin alone.

The Effect of Januvia (Sitagliptin) on Oxidative Stress in Obese Type 2 Diabetic Subjects [Active, not recruiting]
Sitagliptin is a new oral hypoglycemic anti-diabetic drug used either alone or in combination with metformin or a thiazolidinedione for control of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Sitagliptin has been shown to have fewer side effects in the control of blood glucose values. Obesity and diabetes are states of increased inflammation and can influence the free radicals and inflammatory markers (chemicals in the blood which increase due to inflammation in the body) and are also major risk factors for atherosclerotic disease. In this study we want to see the effect of sitagliptin on these markers. We believe that Sitagliptin may exert an anti-inflammatory effect in the human. The purpose of this study is to determine if the addition of sitagliptin to diabetic patients will provide added benefit. We believe that sitagliptin provides these added benefits by suppressing free radicals (charged substances that cause damage to the body) and inflammation.

A Study to Assess the Pharmacokinetics, Safety and Tolerability of Sitagliptin in Adolescents (0431-081) [Completed]
This study will assess the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of sitagliptin in 10 to 17 year old diabetic patients.

Sitagliptin Therapy in Hospitalized Patients With Type 2 Diabetes [Recruiting]
High blood glucose levels in hospitalized patients with diabetes are associated with increased risk of medical complications and death. Improved glucose control with insulin injections may improve clinical outcome and prevent some of the hospital complications. Glargine (Lantus®) insulin injection is the most common treatment of diabetes in the hospital. Sitagliptin (Januvia®)is effective in lowering blood glucose. In a recent pilot study aiming to determine differences in glycemic control between treatment with sitagliptin (Januvia®) alone or in combination with basal insulin and basal bolus regimen in general medicine and surgery patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The investigators found that treatment with sitagliptin alone or in combination with basal insulin resulted in similar glycemic control compared to basal bolus regimen. The investigators will conduct a prospective RCT aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of sitagliptin therapy for in-hospital and post-discharge management of general medicine and surgical patients with T2D. A total of 280 patients with known history of diabetes will be randomized to receive sitagliptin plus basal (glargine) insulin once daily (group 1), or basal bolus regimen with glargine once daily and aspart or lispro insulin before meals (group 2). If needed, patients in the treatment groups will receive correction doses of rapid-acting insulin in the presence of hyperglycemia (BG > 140 mg/dl). The overall hypothesis is that treatment with sitagliptin in combination with basal insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes will result in a similar improvement in hospital and post-discharge glycemic control and in a lower frequency of hypoglycemic events than treatment with basal bolus insulin regimen with glargine once daily and lispro insulin before meals. Patients will be recruited at Grady Memorial Hospital, Emory University Hospital, University of Michigan, Ohio State University and Temple University

Vildagliptin vs Sitagliptin add-on to Insulin - Impact on Glycemic Profile and Correlation of Hypoglycemic Episodes and Heart Function [Active, not recruiting]
Vildagliptin and Sitagliptin both belong to the class of DPP-4 inhibitors, but differ in their pharmacokinetic profile as well as in their approved application (Vildagliptin, 2x 50 mg daily, Sitagliptin, 1x 100 mg daily). This leads to distinct results regarding postprandial blood-glucose normalization as well as protective properties regarding

hypoglycemic episodes - especially during the night. Additionally, in type 1 diabetic

patients a correlation has been described between hypoglycemia and abnormal heart function (QTc-elongation), which can have severe consequences for the patients. This study aims for the evaluation of the potency of both drugs to prevent and/or reduce hypoglycemic events in insulin-dependent type-2 diabetics and furthermore to evaluate the correlation of hypoglycemic episodes with changes in heart-function measured by Holter-ECG. The hypothesis is tested, if vildagliptin leads to a more favourable glycemic profile than sitagliptin and is more potent in protecting from nocturnal abnormalities in heart-function caused by undetected hypoglycemic episodes.

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Januvia (Sitagliptin) Side Effects

Pancreatitis (192)Hypoglycaemia (93)Interstitial Lung Disease (67)Pancreatic Carcinoma (63)Blood Glucose Increased (58)Nausea (48)Diarrhoea (39)Pancreatitis Acute (35)Renal Failure (34)Renal Failure Acute (33)more >>


Page last updated: 2015-08-10

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