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Inversine (Mecamylamine Hydrochloride) - Summary

 
 



INVERSINE SUMMARY

INVERSINE® (Mecamylamine HCl) is a potent, oral antihypertension agent and ganglion blocker, and is a secondary amine.

For the management of moderately severe to severe essential hypertension and in uncomplicated cases of malignant hypertension.


See all Inversine indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Media Articles Related to Inversine (Mecamylamine)

Prehypertension in Midlife Ups Later Dementia Risk
Source: Medscape NeurologyHeadlines [2017.08.10]
A study confirms the importance of midlife vascular risk factors on dementia risk and adds new information about risk with prehypertension.
Medscape Medical News

Pulmonary Hypertension (Symptoms, Treatment Medications, Life Expectancy)
Source: MedicineNet Cirrhosis Specialty [2017.07.26]
Title: Pulmonary Hypertension (Symptoms, Treatment Medications, Life Expectancy)
Category: Diseases and Conditions
Created: 12/31/1997 12:00:00 AM
Last Editorial Review: 7/26/2017 12:00:00 AM

Hypertension before the age of 55 increases risk of cardiovascular death
Source: Hypertension News From Medical News Today [2017.05.19]
When someone gets diagnosed with hypertension, either early (before the age of 55) or later in life, can have important health ramifications.

Simple blood tests lead to improved hypertension treatment in African countries
Source: Hypertension News From Medical News Today [2017.05.04]
Using two simple blood tests, Western University researchers were able to drastically improve treatment for resistant hypertension across three sites in Nigeria, Kenya and South Africa.

Diabetes and hypertension: What is the relationship?
Source: Hypertension News From Medical News Today [2017.04.29]
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is linked to diabetes, and each condition can make the other worse. How can people reduce the associated risks?

more news >>

Published Studies Related to Inversine (Mecamylamine)

Effects of the nicotinic receptor antagonist mecamylamine on ad-lib smoking behavior, topography, and nicotine levels in smokers with and without schizophrenia: a preliminary study. [2009.12]
Individuals with schizophrenia have higher plasma nicotine levels in comparison to non-psychiatric smokers, even when differences in smoking are equated. This difference may be related to how intensely cigarettes are smoked but this has not been well studied... Further work is needed to assess whether nicotine levels are directly mediated by how intensely the cigarettes are smoked, and to confirm whether this effect is more pronounced in smokers with schizophrenia.

Effects of acute ultra-low dose mecamylamine on cognition in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). [2009.06]
OBJECTIVE: Nicotinic cholinergic stimulation has known beneficial effects in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Mecamylamine is a non-competitive nicotinic antagonist which is reported in several animal studies to have paradoxical positive effects on cognition at ultra-low doses. Comparable studies in humans have not been conducted. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of acute ultra-low doses of mecamylamine on cognition in adult ADHD... CONCLUSION: This is the first study to find measurable effects of ultra-low doses of mecamylamine in humans. Mecamylamine did not improve core ADHD cognitive symptoms, but significantly improved recognition memory. These effects may represent mixed receptor activity (activation and blockade) at the doses tested. The finding of beneficial effects on memory processes has important clinical implications and further exploration of this effect is warranted.

A randomized, controlled trial to assess the efficacy and safety of a transdermal delivery system of nicotine/mecamylamine in cigarette smokers. [2007.05]
AIMS: To determine the efficacy and safety of nicotine transdermal therapy co-administered with the nicotine antagonist, mecamylamine, compared to a nicotine transdermal patch alone (21 mg nicotine + 6 mg mecamylamine, 21 mg nicotine + 3 mg mecamylamine, and 21 mg nicotine + 0 mg mecamylamine)... CONCLUSION: If adding mecamylamine to nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) improves the chances of success at stopping smoking, the results of this study suggest that the effect is very small.

A randomized, controlled trial to assess the efficacy and safety of a transdermal delivery system of nicotine/mecamylamine in cigarette smokers. [2007.03.01]
Aims To determine the efficacy and safety of nicotine transdermal therapy co-administered with the nicotine antagonist, mecamylamine, compared to a nicotine transdermal patch alone (21 mg nicotine + 6 mg mecamylamine, 21 mg nicotine + 3 mg mecamylamine, and 21 mg nicotine + 0 mg mecamylamine)...

The influence of mecamylamine on trigeminal and olfactory chemoreception of nicotine. [2006.02]
Nicotine presented to the nasal cavity at low concentrations evokes 'odorous' sensations, and at higher concentrations 'burning' and 'stinging' sensations. A study in smokers and nonsmokers provided evidence of a relationship between the experience with the pharmacological action of S-(-)-nicotine and the perceived pleasantness/unpleasantness following nasal stimulation with S-(-)-nicotine...

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Inversine (Mecamylamine)

Study of the Effects of Mecamylamine and Varenicline in Schizophrenia [Completed]
We are conducting this study to find out if blocking or partially stimulating the effects of nicotine in the brain can affect memory and concentration. Nicotine is the addictive drug found in tobacco products. Our subjects will be people with and without mental illness (schizophrenia), smokers and non-smokers. We will use a medication called mecamylamine (Inversine) to block the effects of nicotine on the brains of our subjects. We will also use a medication called varenicline (Chantix) to partially increase the effects of nicotine on the brains of our subjects. This study also uses a placebo, a pill that does not have any active ingredients but looks exactly like the mecamylamine and varenicline pills. We will compare the effects of giving mecamylamine or placebo to people who have schizophrenia and people who do not have schizophrenia. We know that people with schizophrenia smoke heavily and find it harder to stop smoking than most other people do. Studies have shown that people with schizophrenia may smoke more because nicotine helps their concentration and memory. We are interested in helping people with schizophrenia smoke less. Mecamylamine blocks the parts of the brain that react to nicotine and varenicline partially stimulates and partially blocks the parts of the brain that react to nicotine. Both medications may decrease the effects that smoking has on the body.

Placebo-Controlled Pilot Trial of Mecamylamine for Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders [Completed]

Nicotinic Modulation of the Default Network [Completed]
Many disorders where attentional problems are a hallmark, such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia, display abnormal regulation of the so-called default network of resting brain function that maintains internally directed thought when the mind is free to wander. These regions can be overactive or less readily deactivated with attention-demanding tasks, and excess activity is thought to impair performance. There is indication that nicotine may improve attention by aiding the deactivation of the default network, and this mechanism may be of therapeutic benefit for the above disease states. The current project aims at providing a proof of concept by demonstrating that nicotinic drugs modulate default network function. The nicotinic agonist nicotine is hypothesized to improve attention by facilitating the down-regulation of default network activity, and the nicotinic antagonist mecamylamine is hypothesized to impair attention by impeding the down-regulation of default network activity during attentional task performance.

Treatment With Mecamylamine in Smoking and Non-smoking Alcohol Dependent Patients [Recruiting]
The purpose of the study will be to evaluate the efficacy of mecamylamine in reducing alcohol consumption in smoking and non-smoking alcohol dependent patients. We hypothesize that mecamylamine will result in a greater reduction of alcohol consumption than placebo. We further hypothesize that mecamylamine will be effective in reducing both alcohol consumption and smoking in a subset of alcoholics who also smoke.

Mecamylamine for the Treatment of Patients With Depression and Alcohol Dependence [Completed]
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of mecamylamine (MEC, 10 mg/day) versus placebo in reducing depressive and alcohol symptoms in patients with depression and co-morbid alcohol dependence. The researchers hypothesize that MEC will significantly reduce depressive symptoms and decrease alcohol consumption compared to placebo in patients with depression and alcohol dependence who are on a stable dose of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI).

more trials >>


Page last updated: 2017-08-10

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