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Indocin (Indomethacin) - Summary


Cardiovascular Risk

  • NSAIDs may cause an increased risk of serious cardiovascular thrombotic events, myocardial infarction, and stroke, which can be fatal. This risk may increase with duration of use. Patients with cardiovascular disease or risk factors for cardiovascular disease may be at greater risk. (See WARNINGS).
  • Suppositories INDOCIN are contraindicated for the treatment of peri-operative pain in the setting of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery (see WARNINGS).

Gastrointestinal Risk

  • NSAIDs cause an increased risk of serious gastrointestinal adverse events including bleeding, ulceration, and perforation of the stomach or intestines, which can be fatal. These events can occur at any time during use and without warning symptoms. Elderly patients are at greater risk for serious gastrointestinal events. (See WARNINGS).


Suppositories INDOCIN1, for rectal use, contain 50 mg of indomethacin and the following inactive ingredients: butylated hydroxyanisole, butylated hydroxytoluene, edetic acid, glycerin, polyethylene glycol 3350, polyethylene glycol 8000, purified water and sodium chloride.

INDOCIN (INDOMETHACIN) is indicated for the following:

Carefully consider the potential benefits and risks of indomethacin and other treatment options before deciding to use indomethacin. Use the lowest effective dose for the shortest duration consistent with individual patient treatment goals (see WARNINGS).

Suppositories INDOCIN have been found effective in active stages of the following:

1. Moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis including acute flares of chronic disease.

2. Moderate to severe ankylosing spondylitis.

3. Moderate to severe osteoarthritis.

4. Acute painful shoulder (bursitis and/or tendonitis).

5. Acute gouty arthritis.

See all Indocin indications & dosage >>


Published Studies Related to Indocin (Indomethacin)

Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial on the efficacy of 0.5% indomethacin eye drops in uveitic macular edema. [2014]
different etiology uveitis... CONCLUSIONS: The four times per day administration of 0.5% INDOM eye drops in

A randomized trial of rectal indomethacin to prevent post-ERCP pancreatitis. [2012]
retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)... CONCLUSIONS: Among patients at high risk for post-ERCP pancreatitis, rectal

Fluid restriction and prophylactic indomethacin versus prophylactic indomethacin alone for prevention of morbidity and mortality in extremely low birth weight infants. [2011.07.06]
CONCLUSIONS: We found no randomized controlled trials to investigate the possible interaction between fluid restriction and indomethacin prophylaxis versus indomethacin prophylaxis alone in ELBW infants. A well-designed randomized trial is needed to address this question.

Effects of prophylactic indomethacin in extremely low-birth-weight infants with and without adequate exposure to antenatal corticosteroids. [2011.07]
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether treatment with antenatal corticosteroids modifies the immediate and long-term effects of prophylactic indomethacin sodium trihydrate in extremely low-birth-weight infants... CONCLUSION: We find little evidence that the effects of prophylactic indomethacin vary in extremely low-birth-weight infants with and without adequate exposure to antenatal corticosteroids. Trial Registration clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00009646.

Postoperative analgesia with tramadol and indomethacin for diagnostic curettage and early termination of pregnancy. [2011.07]
BACKGROUND: The postoperative analgesic effects of rectal indomethacin and tramadol were compared in patients undergoing elective termination of first trimester pregnancy and diagnostic dilatation and curettage... CONCLUSION: When compared to indomethacin 100 mg, preoperative administration of tramadol 100 mg provides superior postoperative analgesia with minimal adverse effects. Copyright (c) 2011. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Indocin (Indomethacin)

Indomethacin and Cardiac Bypass Surgery [Completed]
Following signed informed consent, patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery were randomly assigned to one of 3 groups to be given acetaminophen, Indomethacin or a combination of both immediately following induction and then at 6, 12, 18 & 24 hours following surgery. Our primary outcome measure was the amount of blood drained from the mediastinal tubes and chest drains. Secondary outcome measures included conventional blood coagulation indices as well as other measures of clotting as indicated by thromboelastography (TEG). Other secondary outcome measures included consumption of morphine equivalents and pain scores.

Indomethacin Decreases Post-ERCP Pancreatitis [Completed]
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is now a widely accepted therapy for treating benign and malignant diseases of the pancreatobiliary tree. Acute pancreatitis represents the most common and feared complication following ERCP. The reported incidence of this complication is from 1% to 40% according to the presence of high-risk factors for this complication or the presence dysfunction in the sphincter of Oddi (SOD). In most prospective series, the incidence has ranged between 3. 5% and 20% for nonselected and high-risk patients, respectively. Independent risk factors for post-ERCP pancreatitis are either patient- or procedure-related.

Effects of Delayed Cord Clamp and/or Indomethacin on Preterm Infant Brain Injury [Recruiting]
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) are brain lesions that commonly occur in preterm infants and are well-recognized major contributors to long-term brain injury and related disabilities later in life. Despite its prevalence, long term consequences, and enormous medical and social costs, mechanisms of IVH and optimal strategies to prevent or treat its occurrence are poorly defined, especially for extremely premature infants. Only one medical therapy, prophylactic indomethacin during the first 3 days of life, has been shown to prevent or decrease the severity of IVH in preterm infants, but its use is limited by toxic side effects and debatable effects on long-term outcomes. Several small studies and case reports suggest that delayed umbilical cord-clamping (DCC) may also decrease the incidence of IVH in premature infants, but thus far these trials have indomethacin treatment mixed within their cord clamping protocols. The investigators are conducting a randomized, blinded investigation of 4 treatment groups: 1) Control (no intervention); 2) DCC alone; 3) Prophylactic indomethacin alone; 4) Combination of DCC/indomethacin, with respect to survival, IVH or PVL incidence and severity, neurodevelopmental outcomes, and relevant mechanistic effects. With the steady rise in extreme prematurity births and clear links of IVH to long-term disabilities there is a need to improve care for these patients. This multi- disciplinary project addresses an important medical problem for an understudied patient population, where the current practice has clear limitations.

Rectal Indomethacin to Prevent Post-ERCP Pancreatitis [Recruiting]
Acute pancreatitis is the most common and feared complication of ERCP, occurring after 1% to 30% of procedures. A number of trials have evaluated that rectal NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) can prevent post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) in high risk patients. However, the risk factors of PEP is not fully clear. Rectal indomethacin before ERCP for all patients, not just for selected high-risk factor patients, may preventing the PEP maximum. The purpose of this study is to determine whether routine using of rectal indomethacin is more effective than the conditional regimen.

Indomethacin for Tocolysis [Not yet recruiting]
Background: Indomethacin is frequently used as a tocolytic, however there is currently only scant evidence to support its efficacy. Goals: To delay preterm delivery by 48 hours and to examine longer latency periods and maternal and neonatal outcomes Methods: Randomized placebo-controlled trial of indomethacin for tocolysis. Women with a singleton pregnancy between 23w0d and 31w6d in preterm labor randomly assigned to 50mg indomethacin by mouth followed by 25mg by mouth every 6hour for 48 hours or placebo. Patients receive betamethasone for fetal lung maturity, if not previously administered, and magnesium sulfate for neuroprotection. Ultrasound performed before initiation of study drug and after completion of study medication for amniotic fluid index and fetal cardiac assessment.

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Indocin (Indomethacin) Side Effects

Retinopathy of Prematurity (60)Drug Ineffective (37)Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (37)Necrotising Colitis (12)Death (11)Intraventricular Haemorrhage Neonatal (10)Periventricular Leukomalacia (10)Coronary Artery Insufficiency (7)Drug Hypersensitivity (3)Maternal Drugs Affecting Foetus (2)more >>


Based on a total of 1 ratings/reviews, Indocin has an overall score of 10. The effectiveness score is 10 and the side effect score is 10. The scores are on ten point scale: 10 - best, 1 - worst.

Indocin review by 59 year old female patient

Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Highly Effective
Side effects:   No Side Effects
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   rheumatoid arthritis
Dosage & duration:   25mg taken 3x day for the period of as needed
Other conditions:   none
Other drugs taken:   none
Reported Results
Benefits:   Indomethacin immediate reduced the very inflamed and painful swelling in first joint of my left forefinger, my first - and thanks to prompt treatment with this drug - my only attack of rhumatoid arthritis. I didn't recognise this swelling as arthritis because it was my first attack, and I neglected to seek medical advice until the joint was extremely inflamed and swollen. Since this attack, I've used the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) ibuprofen as needed to prevent further attacks.
Side effects:   I experienced no adverse side effects when using Indomethacin with food as directed, and was very pleased with the almost immediate reduction in pain and swelling.
Comments:   My doctor prescribed one 25mg capsule 3 times a day with food, for one month, which I followed; this treatment was completely successful for me. Since this treatment, I've used the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) ibuprofen as needed to prevent further attacks.

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Page last updated: 2014-11-30

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