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Humulin (Insulin Human Recombinant) - Summary

 
 



HUMULIN SUMMARY

Humulin is synthesized in a special non-disease-producing laboratory strain of Escherichia coli bacteria that has been genetically altered by the addition of the gene for human insulin production. Humulin R (U-500) consists of zinc-insulin crystals dissolved in a clear fluid. Humulin R (U-500) is a sterile solution and is for subcutaneous injection. It should not be used intravenously or intramuscularly. The concentration of Humulin R (U-500) is 500 units/mL.

Humulin R (U-500) is especially useful for the treatment of diabetic patients with marked insulin resistance (daily requirements more than 200 units), since a large dose may be administered subcutaneously in a reasonable volume.


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NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Humulin (Insulin Injection)

Comparative pharmacokinetics and insulin action for three rapid-acting insulin analogs injected subcutaneously with and without hyaluronidase. [2013]
CONCLUSIONS: Coinjection of rHuPH20 with rapid-acting analogs accelerated insulin

Effect of angiotensin receptor blockade on insulin sensitivity and endothelial function in abdominally obese hypertensive patients with impaired fasting glucose. [2012.02.01]
AngII (angiotensin II) may contribute to cardiovascular risk in obesity via adverse effects on insulin sensitivity and endothelial function. In the present study, we examined the effects of ARB (angiotensin receptor blocker) therapy (losartan, 100 mg/day) on insulin sensitivity and endothelial function in 53 subjects with stage I hypertension, abdominal obesity and impaired fasting glucose.

Phase IV study comparing diurnal glycemic profile following the administration of 2 NPH plus regular human DNA recombinant insulin regimens in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) adult patients. [2012]
Intensive insulin therapy (IIT) based on multiple daily injections of long plus rapid-acting insulin has been demonstrated to reduce mortality and morbidity associated with chronic hyperglycemia in T1DM patients. The objective of this study was to assess and compare the postprandial glycemic profile over a diurnal 12 h-period produced by the administration of a new NPH plus regular human DNA recombinant IIT (test regimen) relative to the reference IIT in T1DM patients...

A randomised crossover placebo-controlled trial investigating the effect of brown seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum and Fucus vesiculosus) on postchallenge plasma glucose and insulin levels in men and women. [2011.12]
This study examined the impact of brown seaweed on post-load plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in men and women. Twenty-three participants (11 men, 12 women) aged 19-59 years were recruited in this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled crossover study... These data suggest that brown seaweed may alter the insulin homeostasis in response to carbohydrate ingestion.

Insulin detemir in a twice daily insulin regimen versus a three times daily insulin regimen in the treatment of type 1 diabetes in children: A pilot randomized controlled trial. [2011.11.08]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Children with type 1 diabetes (DM1) often use three daily (TID) injections with intermediate acting insulin at breakfast and bedtime, and rapid acting insulin at breakfast and dinner. Substituting the evening intermediate acting insulin with a long acting insulin analogue (LAIA) at dinner in a twice daily (BID) injection regimen may be as effective as a TID regimen. The objective of this pilot study was to compare HbA1c in children with DM1 using a BID regimen with a LAIA at dinner (intervention) to those using a standard TID regimen (control) over 6 months... CONCLUSIONS: In this pilot study, incorporating LAIA in a BID regimen did not cause deterioration in HbA1c or increases in adverse events; suggesting that this may be a viable option for families where a more simplified insulin regimen would be beneficial and compliance may be improved. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00522210.

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Clinical Trials Related to Humulin (Insulin Injection)

Phase II Pharmacokinetics Study of Humalog and Humulin-R With and Without rHuPH20 in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus [Completed]
Humalog and Humulin-R (recombinant human insulin) are Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved medications for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Recombinant human hyaluronidase PH20 (rHuPH20) is approved by the FDA for use as an aid in the absorption and dispersion of other injectable drugs. In this study, rHuPH20 will be co-administered with both Humalog and Humulin-R in order to determine if it improves the absorption of these insulins to more closely mimic the body's natural increase in insulin in response to a meal.

Pharmacokinetic (PK), Pharmacodynamic (PD), and Safety Study of Subcutaneously Administered HumalogŪ With and Without Recombinant Human Hyaluronidase (rHuPH20)and Humulin-RŪ With and Without rHuPH20 [Completed]
The purpose of the study is to compare the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of Humalog (insulin lispro) or Humulin-R (recombinant human insulin) when administered as a single subcutaneous (SC) injection of 20 units (U) with or without coadministration of recombinant human hyaluronidase PH20 (rHuPH20). The study hypothesizes that the time required to reach maximum insulin concentration (tmax) when insulin is administered with rHuPH20 will be comparable or shorter than the time required without rHuPH20.

Liquid Meal Study With Insulin Lispro With/Without Recombinant Human Hyaluronidase PH20 (rHuPH20) and Regular Human Insulin With rHuPH20 to Compare Pharmacokinetics, Postprandial Glycemic Response, and Optimal Insulin Dose in Participants With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) [Completed]
This is a single-center, Phase 2, randomized, double-blind, 3-way crossover meal study in participants with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) to determine the optimum dose and compare the pharmacokinetics (PK) and postprandial glycemic response of Humalog alone, Humalog + recombinant human hyaluronidase PH20 (rHuPH20), and Humulin-R + rHuPH20 administered subcutaneously.

Comparison Study of Insulin Glargine and NPH Insulin [Enrolling by invitation]
This study will compare the safety, effectiveness, and cost of two different types of long-acting insulin.

Effect of a Basal/Pre-Meal Insulin Strategy (Detemir/Aspart) on Insulin Secretion and Action in Type 2 Diabetes [Completed]
The optimal insulin therapy in T2DM is controversial and its impact on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (or NAFLD, a common condition in T2DM; Cusi K, Current Diabetes Reports 2009) has not been systematically studied before, and in particular, never when using the new insulin formulations detemir (LevemirŪ) or aspart (NovologŪ). This study was to determine the effect on hepatic steatosis and insulin secretion/action of lowering the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) to target with once daily basal insulin detemir alone or combining insulin detemir with premeal insulin aspart in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In the first 3 months the investigators will optimize metabolic control in all patients with intensive basal (bedtime) detemir insulin aiming at a normal fasting plasma glucose. After this treatment period, patients will be randomized in the second 3 months in a 2: 1 ratio to insulin detemir or detemir plus aspart. The investigators propose that insulin will improve day-long glycemic control and A1c, reduce hepatic steatosis (NAFLD) (primary endpoint) and insulin secretion/sensitivity being well tolerated while causing minimal weight gain and hypoglycemia (secondary endpoints). The study will allow to assess if there is an additional benefit of adding pre-meal rapid-acting insulin aspart to basal insulin to these endpoints.

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Page last updated: 2014-11-30

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