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Halfan (Halofantrine Hydrochloride) - Summary

 
 



WARNING

HALFAN HAS BEEN SHOWN TO PROLONG QTc INTERVAL AT THE RECOMMENDED THERAPEUTIC DOSE. THERE HAVE BEEN RARE REPORTS OF SERIOUS VENTRICULAR DYSRHYTHMIAS SOMETIMES ASSOCIATED WITH DEATH, WHICH MAY BE SUDDEN. HALFAN IS THEREFORE NOT RECOMMENDED FOR USE IN COMBINATION WITH DRUGS OR CLINICAL CONDITIONS KNOWN TO PROLONG QTc INTERVAL, OR IN PATIENTS WHO HAVE PREVIOUSLY RECEIVED MEFLOQUINE, OR IN PATIENTS WITH KNOWN OR SUSPECTED VENTRICULAR DYSRHYTHMIAS, A-V CONDUCTION DISORDERS OR UNEXPLAINED SYNCOPAL ATTACKS. HALFAN SHOULD BE PRESCRIBED ONLY BY PHYSICIANS WHO HAVE SPECIAL COMPETENCE IN THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF MALARIA, AND WHO ARE EXPERIENCED IN THE USE OF ANTIMALARIAL DRUGS. PHYSICIANS SHOULD THOROUGHLY FAMILIARIZE THEMSELVES WITH THE COMPLETE CONTENTS OF THIS LEAFLET BEFORE PRESCRIBING HALFAN.

 

HALFAN SUMMARY

HALFAN
(halofantrine hydrochloride)
Tablets

HALFAN (halofantrine hydrochloride) is an antimalarial drug available as tablets containing 250 mg of halofantrine hydrochloride (equivalent to 233 mg of the free base) for oral administration. The chemical name of halofantrine hydrochloride is 1,3-dichloro-α-[2-(dibutylamino) ethyl]-6-(trifluoromethyl)-9-phenanthrene-methanol hydrochloride. The drug, a white to off-white crystalline compound, is practically insoluble in water.

HALFAN tablets are indicated for the treatment of adults who can tolerate oral medication and who have mild to moderate malaria (equal to or less than 100,000 parasites/mm3) caused by Plasmodium falciparum or Plasmodium vivax.

NOTE: Patients with acute P. vivax malaria treated with HALFAN are at risk of relapse because halofantrine does not eliminate the exoerythrocytic (hepatic phase) parasites. To avoid relapse after initial treatment of the acute P. vivax infection with HALFAN, patients should subsequently be treated with an 8-aminoquinoline to eradicate the exoerythrocytic parasites.

NOTE: THE EFFICACY OF HALFAN IN THE PROPHYLAXIS OF MALARIA HAS NOT BEEN ESTABLISHED.


See all Halfan indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Media Articles Related to Halfan (Halofantrine)

Health workers wasting expensive malaria drugs in Nigeria
Source: Primary Care / General Practice News From Medical News Today [2015.08.27]
Training to use malaria tests does not lead to appropriate treatment, research showsHealth providers trained to perform malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) are still prescribing valuable malaria...

Malaria Patients Out of ICU in 4 Days With IV Artesunate
Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines [2015.08.25]
Intravenous artesunate was a safe and clinically beneficial alternative to quinidine for patients with severe or complicated malaria.
Medscape Medical News

How the malaria parasite increases the risk of blood cancer
Source: Lymphoma / Leukemia / Myeloma News From Medical News Today [2015.08.13]
A link between malaria and Burkitt's lymphoma was first described more than 50 years ago, but how a parasitic infection could turn immune cells cancerous has remained a mystery.

How a crime scene compound could help combat malaria
Source: Blood / Hematology News From Medical News Today [2015.08.08]
Researchers reveal a compound used at crime scenes to identify blood traces - called luminol - may also be effective for killing the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum.

Malaria's key to the liver uncovered
Source: Tropical Diseases News From Medical News Today [2015.07.28]
Scientists uncover a port of liver entry for malaria parasites in a report published in The Journal of Experimental Medicine.

more news >>

Published Studies Related to Halfan (Halofantrine)

Effect of fluconazole on the pharmacokinetics of halofantrine in healthy volunteers. [2009.12]
BACKGROUND: Halofantrine, an antimalarial drug used in endemic areas such as the tropics is mainly metabolized by CYP3A4 to the active metabolite N-desbutylhalofantrine. Fluconazole, an antifungal agent and an inhibitor of CYP3A4 is an established part of the therapy in HIV patients, who in turn are prone to malaria in the tropics. This study investigated the effect of fluconazole on the pharmacokinetics of halofantrine after concurrent administration of the two drugs... CONCLUSION: The decreased plasma concentrations of the metabolite are presumably caused by metabolic inhibition of CYP3A4 by fluconazole. Although the therapeutic consequences of this interaction are not clear caution should be exercised when co-administering both drugs to avoid accumulation and subsequent cardiotoxic effects of halofantrine.

Effects of prior administration of amodiaquine on the disposition of halofantrine in healthy volunteers. [2007.04]
The prevalence of multidrug-resistant malaria parasites brings about the switch from an antimalarial drug with poor therapeutic outcome to an effective alternative, resulting in overlap in the plasma drug levels. In this study, the influence of prior administration of amodiaquine on the pharmacokinetics and electrocardiographic effect of halofantrine (HF) was investigated in healthy volunteers...

Effect of experimental hyperlipidaemia on the electrocardiographic effects of repeated doses of halofantrine in rats. [2010.11]
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Halofantrine can cause a prolongation of the cardiac QT interval, leading to serious ventricular arrhythmias...

In vitro susceptibility of Plasmodium falciparum to monodesethylamodiaquine, quinine, mefloquine and halofantrine in Abidjan (Cote d'Ivoire). [2010.06]
BACKGROUND: Malaria is the primary cause of hospitalization in Cote d'Ivoire. Early treatment is one of the strategies to control this illness. However, the spread of resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to antimalarial drugs can seriously compromise this strategy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the in vitro susceptibility of P. falciparum to monodesethylamodiaquine and aminoalcohols in Abidjan (Cote d'Ivoire)... CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that the in vitro chloroquine resistance reported in previous studies has been extended to other antimalarial drugs investigated in this study except for quinine. Therefore, it is necessary to implement a long-term monitoring system of antimalarial drug resistance.

Effects of polysorbate 80 on the in-vitro precipitation and oral bioavailability of halofantrine from polyethylene glycol 400 formulations in rats. [2010.01]
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of formulations of polysorbate 80 (PS 80) and polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG 400) on the precipitation and oral bioavailability of the hydrophobic drug halofantrine... CONCLUSIONS: Addition of PS80 to the formulation increased the bioavailability of halofantrine and the more compound, the more PS80 was needed to prevent precipitation.

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Halfan (Halofantrine)

Paxil CR Bioequivalence Study Brazil - Fed Administration [Completed]
The study is prospective, open, randomized, crossover in steady state and the volunteers received multiple doses of the test drug and the reference drug (two periods of drug administration after standardized meals).

Paxil CR Bioequivalence Study Brazil [Completed]
The study is prospective, open, randomized, crossover in steady state and the volunteers received multiple doses of the drug test and reference (two periods of drug administration).

Carvedilol (25 mg) in 24 Fed, Healthy, Adult Subjects [Completed]
The objective of this randomized, single-dose, two-way crossover evaluation is to compare the relative bioequivalence of a test carvedilol formulation (TEVA Pharmaceuticals USA) to and equivalent oral dose of the commercially available carvedilol (COREG®, SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals) in a test population of 24 adult individuals under fed conditions.

Carvedilol 25 mg in 36 Fasted, Healthy, Adult Subjects [Completed]
The objective of this randomized, single-dose, two-way crossover evaluation is to compare the relative bioequivalence of a test carvedilol formulation (TEVA Pharmaceuticals USA) to and equivalent oral dose of the commercially available carvedilol (COREG®, SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals) in a test population of 36 adult individuals under fasting conditions.

Bioequivalence Study of Amoxicillin Dispersible 600 mg Tablets Under Fasting Conditions [Completed]
This study compared the relative bioavailability (rate and extent of absorption) of amoxicillin tablets for oral suspension 600 mg by Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited with that of Amoxil ® for oral suspension 400 mg/ 5 mL by SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals following single oral dose (600 mg) in healthy, adult, subjects under fasting conditions using a randomized two-way crossover design.

more trials >>


Page last updated: 2015-08-27

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