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Halcion (Triazolam) - Summary

 
 



HALCION SUMMARY

Halcion®
triazolam tablets, USP CIV

HALCION Tablets contain triazolam, a triazolobenzodiazepine hypnotic agent. Triazolam is a white crystalline powder, soluble in alcohol and poorly soluble in water.

HALCION is indicated for the short-term treatment of insomnia (generally 7–10 days). Use for more than 2–3 weeks requires complete reevaluation of the patient (see WARNINGS).

Prescriptions for HALCION should be written for short-term use (7–10 days) and it should not be prescribed in quantities exceeding a 1-month supply.


See all Halcion indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Media Articles Related to Halcion (Triazolam)

Can insomnia be treated with two weeks in a specialized hospital?
Source: Sleep / Sleep Disorders / Insomnia News From Medical News Today [2014.09.05]
Insomnia is a disturbance that afflicts many people. Some new findings published in Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics indicate that a two week stay in a specialized hospital may help.

Morning Break: The Incredible Shrinking Insomniac Brain
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry [2014.09.05]
(MedPage Today) -- Health news and commentary from around the Web, gathered by the MedPage Today staff.

10 Tips to Avoid Insomnia and Get a Good Night's Sleep
Source: MedicineNet Sleep Aids And Stimulants Specialty [2014.07.18]
Title: 10 Tips to Avoid Insomnia and Get a Good Night's Sleep
Category: Doctor's Views
Created: 6/14/2005 12:00:00 AM
Last Editorial Review: 7/18/2014 12:00:00 AM

Insomnia
Source: MedicineNet Biorhythms Specialty [2014.07.17]
Title: Insomnia
Category: Diseases and Conditions
Created: 6/6/2005 12:00:00 AM
Last Editorial Review: 7/17/2014 12:00:00 AM

Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants)
Source: MedicineNet Jet Lag Specialty [2014.07.17]
Title: Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants)
Category: Diseases and Conditions
Created: 9/24/1999 7:06:00 AM
Last Editorial Review: 7/17/2014 12:00:00 AM

more news >>

Published Studies Related to Halcion (Triazolam)

Physiological doses of progesterone potentiate the effects of triazolam in healthy, premenopausal women. [2011.06]
RATIONALE: Gender plays a critical role in the effects of drugs and drug abuse liability. Biological factors, including ovarian hormones, may contribute to gender differences in drug abuse. Preclinical and some clinical research suggests that progesterone and its metabolites have activity at the GABA(A) receptor and may enhance the effect of GABAergic compounds (e.g., benzodiazepines). Because women are exposed to varying levels of progesterone from puberty until menopause, and appear more sensitive to the negative consequences of benzodiazepine use, it is important to understand the impact of progesterone on GABAergic drug effects. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this experiment was to characterize the behavioral effects of progesterone, alone and in combination with the short-acting benzodiazepine, triazolam, to determine if progesterone potentiates the behavioral effects of triazolam... CONCLUSIONS: Progesterone potentiates the behavioral effects of benzodiazepines and may contribute to benzodiazepine use and abuse among women.

Dose effects of triazolam and scopolamine on metamemory. [2010.02]
The present study compared the acute dose effects of the benzodiazepine triazolam and the anticholinergic scopolamine on metamemory (knowledge and awareness of one's own memory) in a two-phase paradigm designed to assess effects on both monitoring and control components of metamemory in both semantic (general knowledge) and episodic memory (cued-recall) tasks...

Flumazenil reversal of sublingual triazolam: a randomized controlled clinical trial. [2009.05]
BACKGROUND: Incremental sublingual (SL) dosing of triazolam has emerged as a popular sedation technique. Nevertheless, few studies have evaluated the technique's safety or efficacy. Given its popularity, an easily administered rescue strategy is needed... CONCLUSIONS: Deep sedation from incremental SL dosing of triazolam is incompletely reversed by a single intraoral injection of flumazenil. The reversal did not persist. The authors discharged the patients from the dental clinic at 360 minutes. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: A single intraoral injection of flumazenil (0.2 mg) cannot immediately reverse oversedation with triazolam. A higher dose might be effective. Reversal for the purpose of discharging the patient early is neither appropriate nor safe.

Modulation of the discriminative stimulus effects of triazolam across the menstrual cycle phase in healthy pre-menopausal women. [2008.04.01]
Pre-clinical studies indicate that changes in progesterone levels across menstrual cycle phases modulate the behavioral effects of sedative drugs acting at GABA(A) receptor sites. In this study, seven healthy women learned to discriminate triazolam (0.25 mg/70 kg) from placebo... These results suggest that the discriminative stimulus effects of the positive GABA(A) modulator, triazolam, are sensitive to menstrual cycle phase in healthy adult women.

Relative abuse liability of GHB in humans: A comparison of psychomotor, subjective, and cognitive effects of supratherapeutic doses of triazolam, pentobarbital, and GHB. [2006.11]
Although preclinical studies suggest that GHB has low likelihood for abuse, case reports indicate that GHB is abused. This study evaluated the relative abuse liability of GHB in 14 volunteers with histories of drug abuse... Although the likelihood for GHB to be abused is intermediate to triazolam and pentobarbital, the possibility of accidental overdose (ie greater sedation than intended) with GHB appears to be greater.

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Halcion (Triazolam)

A Study of the Acute Behavioral and Subjective Effects of TAK-375 [Completed]
This study focused on the drug abuse potential of TAK-375 16 mg, TAK-375 80 mg and TAK-375 160 mg compared to triazolam 0. 25 mg, triazolam 0. 50 mg, triazolam 0. 75 mg, alprazolam and a placebo, each taken once over an eight day period in subjects with a history of polydrug abuse.

A Study to Assess the Pharmacokinetics of Intranasally Administered Esketamine in Healthy Adults and Healthy Elderly Participants [Not yet recruiting]
The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (what the body does to the medication) of intranasally (through the nose) administered esketamine in healthy adult and elderly participants.

Physiological, Behavioral and Subjective Effects of Drugs (GHB) [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to learn more about the effects of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) by comparing its physiological, behavioral and subjective effects with those of several other drugs.

Flumazenil Reversal of Oral Triazolam [Completed]
An increase in the utilization of anesthesia and sedation medications by non-anesthesiologists, including dentists, has grown dramatically. This has been prompted, in part, by the need for pharmacological tools to address high levels of fear and anxiety about dental care among the US population and the evidence of oral health disparities among those who are fearful . Given the prevalence of dental fear in the general population and in the various populations with the greatest burden of oral diseases, effective sedation techniques are needed that are safe and effective in the hands of general dentists that make up the "front line" in the efforts to reduce oral health disparities. This study is to determine whether, when compared to a saline placebo, a single intraoral submucosal administration of the benzodiazepine antagonist flumazenil (0. 2 mg) is capable of attenuating in 10 minutes or less the central nervous system (CNS) depression produced by a paradigm of stacked sublingual dosing of triazolam (3 doses of 0. 25 mg over 90 minutes).

Effectiveness of GABA Agonists in Reducing the Reinforcing Effects of Cocaine [Completed]
Cocaine abuse continues to represent a significant public-health concern. Cocaine likely creates its addictive effects by increasing levels of dopamine, a chemical found in the brain. GABA agonists are chemicals that have the opposite effect of cocaine by inhibiting the release of dopamine. The purpose of this study is to determine whether GABA agonists reduce the psychological and physiological reinforcing effects of cocaine.

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Halcion (Triazolam) Side Effects

Suicide Attempt (8)Pyrexia (7)Overdose (7)Loss of Consciousness (6)Death (6)Toxicity TO Various Agents (6)Blood Creatine Phosphokinase Increased (5)Multiple Drug Overdose Intentional (5)Drug Ineffective (4)Intentional Overdose (4)more >>


PATIENT REVIEWS / RATINGS / COMMENTS

Based on a total of 1 ratings/reviews, Halcion has an overall score of 3. The effectiveness score is 2 and the side effect score is 10. The scores are on ten point scale: 10 - best, 1 - worst.
 

Halcion review by 45 year old female patient

  Rating
Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Ineffective
Side effects:   No Side Effects
  
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   insomnia
Dosage & duration:   5mg taken nightly for the period of 7 days
Other conditions:   weight loss
Other drugs taken:   none
  
Reported Results
Benefits:   Benefits were to treat insomnia.
Side effects:   None as long as directions were followed.
Comments:   Patient had severe insomnia. 45 years old, 5'7", 90 lbs. Was given 5 mg Halcion nightly to sleep and it had little effect. Patient was able to sleep 1-2 hours. She doubled dose and it still did not able her to sleep any longer.

See all Halcion reviews / ratings >>

Page last updated: 2014-09-05

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