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Gengraf (Cyclosporine) - Summary



Gengraf(cyclosporine capsules, USP [MODIFIED]) is a modified oral formulation of cyclosporine that forms an aqueous dispersion in an aqueous environment.

Gengraf® is indicated for the following:

Kidney, Liver and Heart Transplantation: Gengraf® (cyclosporine capsules, USP [MODIFIED]) is indicated for the prophylaxis of organ rejection in kidney, liver, and heart allogeneic transplants. Cyclosporine (MODIFIED) has been used in combination with azathioprine and corticosteroids.

Rheumatoid Arthritis: Gengraf (cyclosporine capsules, USP [MODIFIED]) is indicated for the treatment of patients with severe active, rheumatoid arthritis where the disease has not adequately responded to methotrexate. Gengraf® can be used in combination with methotrexate in rheumatoid arthritis patients who do not respond adequately to methotrexate alone.

Psoriasis: Gengraf® (cyclosporine capsules, USP [MODIFIED]) is indicated for the treatment of adult, nonimmunocompromised patients with severe (i.e., extensive and/or disabling), recalcitrant, plaque psoriasis who have failed to respond to at least one systemic therapy (e.g., PUVA, retinoids, or methotrexate) or in patients for whom other systemic therapies are contraindicated, or cannot be tolerated.

While rebound rarely occurs, most patients will experience relapse with Gengraf® as with other therapies upon cessation of treatment.

See all Gengraf indications & dosage >>


Published Studies Related to Gengraf (Cyclosporine)

Efficacy of cyclosporine for chronic, refractory stomatitis in cats: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded clinical study. [2013]
Sixteen cats with chronic stomatitis, that had previously undergone premolar-molar or full-mouth extractions, were randomly assigned a group to receive 2.5 mg/kg cyclosporine or placebo orally twice daily Neither the clinician nor the clients were aware of the group assignments... Whole-blood cyclosporine levels > 300 ng/ml were associated with significant improvement in oral inflammation in cats with chronic stomatitis that had previously undergone premolar-molar or fuill-mouth extraction.

The effect of prethrombolytic cyclosporine-A injection on clinical outcome of acute anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction. [2013]
(TLT)... CONCLUSION: In this study, the prethrombolytic administration of CsA was not

Effect of cyclosporine-A on orthodontic tooth movement in rats. [2011.11]
CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that CsA enhanced the rate of orthodontic tooth movement. The osteopenia and the increased osteoclastic activity could be the underlying factors. (c) 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Safety and toxicology of cyclosporine in propylene glycol after 9-month aerosol exposure to beagle dogs. [2011.08]
BACKGROUND: Cyclosporine inhalation solution (CIS) delivered via nebulization is under evaluation for the prevention of chronic rejection post-lung transplant. A 300-patient randomized, controlled clinical trial (CYCLIST) is expected to be completed late in 2011. In support of this trial, a chronic inhalation toxicology study in dogs has been completed... CONCLUSION: The study supports the pulmonary and systemic safety of aerosolized CIS at expected lung dose levels/kg of up to 12 times greater than the average dose patients are receiving in the CYCLIST trial.

Prospective, randomized study of the efficacy of systemic cyclosporine in high-risk corneal transplantation. [2011.07]
PURPOSE: Immunologic rejection remains a major cause of graft failure in high-risk corneal transplantation. This study was conducted to elucidate the efficacy and safety of systemic cyclosporine (CsA) in high-risk corneal transplantation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, open-labeled clinical trial with a parallel-group study... CONCLUSIONS: No positive effect of systemic CsA administration for suppressing rejection in high-risk corneal transplantation was observed. With a relatively high incidence of systemic side effects, the results suggest that this protocol should not be recommended for corneal transplant recipients, especially those of advanced age. Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Clinical Trials Related to Gengraf (Cyclosporine)

Low Dose Cyclosporin A in Primary Sj�gren Syndrome [Recruiting]

Long-term Topical Cyclosporine for Atopic Keratoconjunctivitis [Recruiting]
Atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) is a rare type of ocular allergy that is often associated with eczema. Over time, the complications from this disease process lead to loss of vision due to continual scarring of the corneal surface. The pathophysiology of AKC has not been fully elucidated, and the triggers are still unknown.

Corticosteroids are very effective in controlling the acute symptoms of AKC. However, two thirds of patients managed with a combination of oral antihistamine, topical mast cell stabilizer, and intermittent topical steroid regimen eventually developed significant keratopathy and vision loss. Additionally, there are many side effects of corticosteroids, including local immunosuppression, cataract formation, and increased risk of glaucoma.

Cyclosporin A is an immunomodulator that specifically inhibits T lymphocytes by blocking the expression of the interleukin-2 receptor. It also blocks the release of inflammatory mediators from mast cells and eosinophils. Cyclosporin has no known side effects except for burning upon instillation, and safe to use over long-term . The investigators have demonstrated that a 0. 05% ophthalmic emulsion of cyclosporine has been shown to be effective at improving the ocular signs and symptoms of AKC over short-term. However, the long-term efficacy of cyclosporine A in slowing the natural history of AKC and possible steroid sparing effects have not been assessed. The investigators hypothesize that cyclosporine A can be used as a mainstay treatment of AKC to control signs and symptoms over a long period of time and also prevent the progression of this disease.

Dasatinib and Cyclosporine in Treating Patients With Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Refractory or Intolerant to Imatinib Mesylate [Recruiting]
This phase I trial studies the side effects and the best way to give dasatinib and cyclosporine in treating patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) refractory or intolerant to imatinib mesylate. Dasatinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Cyclosporine may help dasatinib work better by making cancer cells more sensitive to the drug. Giving dasatinib together with cyclosporine may be an effective treatment for CML

Cyclosporine A in Combination With Nab-Paclitaxel in Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer [Recruiting]
The purpose of this research study is to evaluate the safety of therapy with nab-paclitaxel and CsA and if the addition of Cyclosporine A (CsA) to nab-paclitaxel helps stop cancer cells as well as or better than nab-paclitaxel alone.

Once-a-day Regimen With Everolimus, Low Dose Cyclosporine and Steroids in Comparison With Steroid Withdrawal or Twice a Day Regimen With Everolimus, Low Dose Cyclosporine and Steroids. [Recruiting]
This study will compare the following immunosuppressive regimens in recipients of kidney transplantation: A) everolimus, cyclosporine and steroids given once-a-day; B) everolimus and cyclosporine given twice a day with steroid withdrawal; C) everolimus, cyclosporine given twice a day and continuous steroids. The purpose of this study is to evaluate regimens A and B in comparison with the control group (group C) for efficacy, using as main endpoint the treatment failure rate, a composite endpoint including death, graft loss, BPAR and lost to follow-up between randomization and Month 12.

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Reports of Suspected Gengraf (Cyclosporine) Side Effects

Pruritus (2)Iron Overload (2)Abdominal Pain Upper (2)Gastritis (2)Colonic Polyp (2)Vomiting (2)Nausea (2)Tremor (2)Gastric Polyps (2)Obstructive Airways Disorder (2)more >>

Page last updated: 2014-11-30

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