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Galzin (Zinc Acetate) - Summary

 
 



GALZIN SUMMARY

GALZIN® (Zinc Acetate) Capsules

Zinc acetate as the dihydrate is a salt of zinc used to inhibit the absorption of copper in patients with Wilson's disease.

Zinc acetate therapy is indicated for maintenance treatment of patients with Wilsonís disease who have been initially treated with a chelating agent (See PRECAUTIONS: Monitoring Patients).


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NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Galzin (Zinc Acetate)

The effect of zinc acetate and magnolia bark extract added to chewing gum on volatile sulfur-containing compounds in the oral cavity. [2012]
sugar-free chewing gum for two hours... CONCLUSION: Chewing gum containing zinc acetate and magnoliabark extract can

A randomized controlled trial of oral zinc in acute pneumonia in children aged between 2 months to 5 years. [2011.09]
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of zinc supplementation as adjuvant in treatment of pneumonia... CONCLUSIONS: Though well tolerated; the addition of zinc does not improve symptom duration or cure rate in acute bacterial pneumonia in under-five children.

Zinc lozenges as cure for the common cold--a review and hypothesis. [2010]
A 7-day reduction in duration of common colds was shown by Eby et al.Due to inadequate lozenge iZn very few of more than 40 different brands of zinc lozenges on the US market are expected to have any effect on the duration or severity of common colds.

Duration and severity of symptoms and levels of plasma interleukin-1 receptor antagonist, soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor, and adhesion molecules in patients with common cold treated with zinc acetate. [2008.03.15]
BACKGROUND: Zinc lozenges have been used for treatment of the common cold; however, the results remain controversial... CONCLUSION: Administration of zinc lozenges was associated with reduced duration and severity of cold symptoms. We related the improvement in cold symptoms to the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of zinc.

Duration and Severity of Symptoms and Levels of Plasma Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist, Soluble Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor, and Adhesion Molecules in Patients with Common Cold Treated with Zinc Acetate. [2008.02.15]
Background. @nbsp; Zinc lozenges have been used for treatment of the common cold; however, the results remain controversial...

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Clinical Trials Related to Galzin (Zinc Acetate)

The Impact of Zinc Supplementation on Left Ventricular Function in Nonischemic Cardiomyopathy [Recruiting]
Heart failure affects over 5. 3 million Americans and, while other cardiovascular diseases have enjoyed a reduction in mortality rates over the last decade, the mortality from heart failure continues to rise[1]. Thus, identifying novel therapies that can reduce heart failure development and/or progression are warranted. Unifying to most cardiomyopathic processes is an impaired handling of reactive oxygen species (ROS)[2-4]. Reactive oxygen species are generated as byproducts of inflammation and oxidative stress that occur in the setting of normal myocardial aerobic metabolism. Metallothionein, glutathione reductase, and superoxide dismutase are major antioxidants in the myocardium that help combat oxidative stress and prevent myocardial damage. In certain clinical settings, including cardiac ischemia, diabetes, and heavy metal excess (copper, iron), myocardial oxidative stress levels are greatly increased. When pro-oxidant levels exceed myocardial antioxidant capabilities, ROS-induced membrane, protein, and DNA inactivation can lead to the development of cardiac dysfunction.

One means of preventing the development or progression of cardiomyopathy is to reduce oxidative stress through up-regulation of intramyocardial antioxidants. Murine studies of cardiomyopathy have shown that oral administration of zinc acetate may succeed as an indirect myocardial anti-oxidant because zinc sufficiently up-regulates the intramyocardial production of superoxide dismutase (a zinc-dependant anti-oxidant enzyme) and metallothionein (a "super antioxidant") [5-8]. Zinc also directly reduces prooxidant Cu levels by reducing gastrointestinal zinc absorption. However, to date, no studies have examined the impact of zinc acetate supplementation in subjects with cardiomyopathy and systolic failure on antioxidant capacity and remodeling.

The hypothesis of this pilot study is that administration of oral zinc acetate to humans with cardiomyopathy will lead to an up-regulation of myocardial anti-oxidant capabilities,leading to a favorable reduction in oxidative stress. This study will provide preliminary data to support a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of zinc therapy in heart failure as a means of improving or preventing the progression of systolic dysfunction in subjects with mild-moderate heart failure.

Efficacy and Safety Study of Zinc Acetate to Treat Wilson's Disease in Japan. [Active, not recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to determine whether Zinc Acetate is effective and safe in the treatment of Wilson's disease among Japanese.

Efficacy and Safety,Long-Term Study of Zinc Acetate to Treat Wilson's Disease in Japan. [Active, not recruiting]
The purpose of this long-term study is to determine whether Zinc Acetate is effective and safe in the treatment of Wilson's disease among Japanese.

Nutrigenomics of Zinc Supplementation in Insulin Secretion and Diabetes [Recruiting]

Trial of Novel Oral Zinc Cysteine Preparation in Alzheimer's Disease [Recruiting]
This trial aims to test the hypothesis that 1) a single dose of zinc cysteine in a proprietary gastro-retentive form will produce sustained blood levels of zinc giving a larger bioavailable amount of zinc than an FDA approved preparation of inorganic zinc acetate; and 2) that the zinc cysteine gastro-retentive, sustained-release preparation will be better tolerated with significantly less gastrointestinal side effects than the zinc acetate capsules. The trial also tests the hypothesis that, after 6 months of once daily administration, the zinc cysteine subjects will show reduced serum non-ceruloplasmin copper. Additionally, subjects will perform tests of mental function,including the dementia rating scale, the Mini Mental Status Examination and the ADAS-cognitive performance test aimed at Alzheimer's status assessment. Tests will be administered at baseline, 3 and 6 months, and the performance results compared. Care-giver assessments will also be noted.

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PATIENT REVIEWS / RATINGS / COMMENTS

Based on a total of 2 ratings/reviews, Galzin has an overall score of 5. The effectiveness score is 6 and the side effect score is 7. The scores are on ten point scale: 10 - best, 1 - worst.
 

Galzin review by care giver of 6 year old male patient

  Rating
Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Moderately Effective
Side effects:   No Side Effects
  
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   Mucus in stool
Dosage & duration:   5 ml (dosage frequency: 12 months) for the period of 6 days
Other conditions:   fever
Other drugs taken:   Cepodem
  
Reported Results
Benefits:   recoverd from loose motions. nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks
Side effects:   none. nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks
Comments:   Cepodem for 5 days. nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks nothing more to add. thanks

 

Galzin review by 43 year old female patient

  Rating
Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Moderately Effective
Side effects:   Severe Side Effects
  
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   Wilson Diseaes
Dosage & duration:   150 mg taken 3 times for the period of 4 years
Other conditions:   Vomitting and nausea
Other drugs taken:   Gluzin
  
Reported Results
Benefits:   My daughter and I both suffer from Wilson Disease, we had taken Galzin for more than five years. But my daughter had especially bad stomach nausea and vomitting. We had made the switch over to Gluzin for a year now, and she no longer has any upset stomach.
Side effects:   Galzin has bad GI effects, upset stomach, vomitting, and LONG wait before and after meals.
Comments:   Took 50 MG three times a day.

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Page last updated: 2013-02-10

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