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Estrogel (Estradiol Topical) - Summary

 
 



WARNING: ENDOMETRIAL CANCER, CARDIOVASCULAR DISORDERS, BREAST CANCER AND PROBABLE DEMENTIA

Estrogen-Alone Therapy

Endometrial Cancer

There is an increased risk of endometrial cancer in a woman with a uterus who uses unopposed estrogens. Adding a progestin to estrogen therapy has been shown to reduce the risk of endometrial hyperplasia, which may be a precursor to endometrial cancer. Adequate diagnostic measures, including directed or random endometrial sampling when indicated, should be undertaken to rule out malignancy in postmenopausal women with undiagnosed, persistent or recurring abnormal genital bleeding [see Warnings and Precautions ].

Cardiovascular Disorders and Probable Dementia

Estrogen-alone therapy should not be used for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or dementia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.3), and Clinical Studies (14.3, 14.4)].

The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) estrogen-alone substudy reported increased risks of stroke and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in postmenopausal women (50 to 79 years of age) during 7.1 years of treatment with daily oral conjugated estrogens (CE) [0.625 mg]-alone, relative to placebo [see Warnings and Precautions and Clinical Studies].

The WHI Memory Study (WHIMS) estrogen-alone ancillary study of WHI reported an increased risk of developing probable dementia in postmenopausal women 65 years of age or older during 5.2 years of treatment with daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone, relative to placebo. It is unknown whether this finding applies to younger postmenopausal women [see Warnings and Precautions Use in Specific Populations (8.5), and Clinical Studies].

In the absence of comparable data, these risks should be assumed to be similar for other doses of CE and other dosage forms of estrogens.

Estrogens with or without progestins should be prescribed at the lowest effective doses and for the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman.

Estrogen Plus Progestin Therapy

Cardiovascular Disorders and Probable Dementia

Estrogen plus progestin therapy should not be used for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or dementia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.3), and Clinical Studies (14.3, 14.4)].

The WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy reported increased risks of DVT, pulmonary embolism (PE), stroke and myocardial infarction (MI) in postmenopausal women (50 to 79 years of age) during 5.6 years of treatment with daily oral CE (0.625 mg) combined with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) [2.5 mg], relative to placebo [see Warnings and Precautions and Clinical Studies].

The WHIMS estrogen plus progestin ancillary study of WHI reported an increased risk of developing probable dementia in postmenopausal women 65 years of age or older during 4 years of treatment with daily CE (0.625 mg) combined with MPA (2.5 mg), relative to placebo. It is unknown whether this finding applies to younger postmenopausal women [see Warnings and Precautions Use in Specific Populations (8.5), and Clinical Studies].

Breast Cancer

The WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy also demonstrated an increased risk of invasive breast cancer [see Warnings and Precautions and Clinical Studies].

In the absence of comparable data, these risks should be assumed to be similar for other doses of CE and MPA and other combinations and dosage forms of estrogens and progestins.

Estrogens with or without progestins should be prescribed at the lowest effective doses and for the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman.

 

ESTROGEL SUMMARY

EstroGel® (estradiol gel) contains 0.06% estradiol in an absorptive hydroalcoholic gel base formulated to provide a controlled release of the active ingredient. The gel is applied over a large area (750 cm2) of the skin in a thin layer. The recommended area of application is the arm, from wrist to shoulder. An EstroGel unit dose of 1.25 g contains 0.75 mg of estradiol.

EstroGel is indicated in the:

  1. Treatment of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms associated with the menopause.
  2. Treatment of moderate to severe symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy associated with the menopause. When prescribing solely for the treatment of symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy, topical vaginal products should be considered.


See all Estrogel indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Estrogel (Estradiol Topical)

Pharmacokinetics of testosterone and estradiol gel preparations in healthy young men. [2013]
The paucity of pharmacokinetic data on testosterone gel formulations and absence of such data on estradiol administration in healthy young men constitutes a fundamental gap of knowledge in behavioral endocrinological research. We addressed this issue in a double-blind and placebo controlled study in which we applied a topical gel containing either 150mg of testosterone (N=10), 2mg of estradiol (N=8) or a respective placebo (N=10) to 28 healthy young men...

The use of oestradiol therapy in postmenopausal women after TVT-O anti-incontinence surgery. [2010.05]
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether patients who were treated with TVT-O procedure for urodynamic stress incontinence had a significant improvement in their urodynamic findings and their post-operative symptoms (frequency, urgency, nocturia) if they were treated post-operatively with vaginal oestradiol for 6 months compared to the non-treated group... CONCLUSION: It appears that vaginal oestradiol treatment could be offered to postmenopausal patients after a TVT-O procedure having the symptoms of frequency and urgency provided they are aware of the lack of evidence regarding long term benefit. Copyright 2010. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Estradiol in micellar nanoparticles: the efficacy and safety of a novel transdermal drug-delivery technology in the management of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms. [2006.03]
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of topical micellar nanoparticle estradiol emulsion (MNPEE; Estrasorb; Novavax, Inc., Malvern, PA) in postmenopausal women with moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms... CONCLUSION: Once-daily application of 3.45 g of micellar nanoparticle estradiol emulsion containing 8.6 mg of estradiol was safe and effective in providing significant relief of vasomotor symptom frequency and severity in postmenopausal women.

Prediction of incident osteoporotic fractures in elderly women using the free estradiol index. [2005.02]
A decline in postmenopausal estrogen concentration accelerates postmenopausal bone loss. We have examined the predictive power of endogenous estrogen production, DXA hip bone density (BMD), and heel quantitative ultrasound (QUS) on incident clinical fracture in a prospective 3-year population based, randomised controlled trial of calcium supplementation...

Percutaneous 17beta-estradiol gel for the treatment of vasomotor symptoms in postmenopausal women. [2003.11]
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and tolerability of two strengths of percutaneous 17beta-estradiol in a hydroalcoholic gel and placebo in controlling vasomotor symptoms of menopause... CONCLUSIONS: 17beta-estradiol gel was effective and well tolerated for alleviating moderate-to-severe hot flushes in postmenopausal women. Therapy may be initiated with the 1.25-g dose with an increase to the 2.5-g dose if needed.

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Estrogel (Estradiol Topical)

Efficacy and Safety of a Topical Estradiol Gel for Treatment of Postmenopausal Symptoms [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy and safety of a topical estradiol gel for the treatment of hot flushes in postmenopausal women.

more trials >>


Page last updated: 2014-11-30

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