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Erythromycin and Benzoyl Peroxide Gel (Erythromycin / Benzoyl Peroxide Topical) - Summary

 
 



SUMMARY

Erythromycin-Benzoyl Peroxide Topical Gel contains erythromycin, a macrolide antibiotic produced from a strain of Saccharopolyspora erythraea (formerly Streptomyces erythreus) and benzoyl peroxide, an antimicrobial agent.

Erythromycin-Benzoyl Peroxide Topical Gel is indicated for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris.


See all Erythromycin and Benzoyl Peroxide Gel indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Media Articles Related to Erythromycin and Benzoyl Peroxide Gel (Erythromycin / Benzoyl Peroxide Topical)

Health Tip: Don't Ignore Acne
Source: MedicineNet Acne Specialty [2016.07.19]
Title: Health Tip: Don't Ignore Acne
Category: Health News
Created: 7/19/2016 12:00:00 AM
Last Editorial Review: 7/19/2016 12:00:00 AM

Contraceptives Differ in Effects on Acne (CME/CE)
Source: MedPage Today Dermatology [2016.07.16]
(MedPage Today) -- Implants and hormonal IUDs worsen it, rings and COCs make it better

Acne Treatment Differin Gel Approved for OTC Use
Source: MedicineNet Acne Specialty [2016.07.12]
Title: Acne Treatment Differin Gel Approved for OTC Use
Category: Health News
Created: 7/11/2016 12:00:00 AM
Last Editorial Review: 7/12/2016 12:00:00 AM

FDA OKs Non-Prescription Use of Acne Drug
Source: MedicineNet Acne Specialty [2016.07.11]
Title: FDA OKs Non-Prescription Use of Acne Drug
Category: Health News
Created: 7/8/2016 12:00:00 AM
Last Editorial Review: 7/11/2016 12:00:00 AM

Acne (Pimples) Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Source: MedicineNet Acne Specialty [2016.06.29]
Title: Acne (Pimples) Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Category: MedicineNet Quiz
Created: 2/28/2011 4:15:00 PM
Last Editorial Review: 6/29/2016 7:13:00 PM

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Published Studies Related to Erythromycin and Benzoyl Peroxide Gel (Erythromycin / Benzoyl Peroxide Topical)

A randomized, single-blind comparison of topical clindamycin + benzoyl peroxide (Duac) and erythromycin + zinc acetate (Zineryt) in the treatment of mild to moderate facial acne vulgaris. [2007.03]
CONCLUSIONS: CDP + BPO and ERY + Zn are effective treatments for acne but CDP + BPO has an earlier onset of action that should improve patient compliance.

A randomized, parallel, vehicle-controlled comparison of two erythromycin/benzoyl peroxide preparations for acne vulgaris. [2002.05]
BACKGROUND: Topical erythromycin/benzoyl peroxide (EBP), marketed for acne treatment, must be compounded by a pharmacist and requires subsequent refrigeration, warranting the development of alternate formulations. OBJECTIVE: This trial compared the efficacy and tolerability of a single-use EBP combination package (EBP Pak) with those of its matching vehicle control (VC Pak) and the original, reconstituted formulation packaged in a jar (EBP Jar). The matching VC for the original formulation (VC Jar) was used to achieve study blinding... CONCLUSIONS: Results of this 8-week trial demonstrate that the single-use combination package of EBP is well tolerated, effective, and comparable to the original formulation for the treatment of acne vulgaris in this selected patient population.

The efficacy and safety of a combination benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin topical gel compared with benzoyl peroxide alone and a benzoyl peroxide/erythromycin combination product. [2001.01]
BACKGROUND: Topical clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide have each demonstrated clinical efficacy in the treatment of acne vulgaris. When used in tandem, they promise greater efficacy than either individual agent through their antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of combination benzoyl peroxide/ clindamycin compared with benzoyl peroxide or benzoyl peroxide/erythromycin in the treatment of acne... CONCLUSION: Benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin demonstrated improved efficacy and similar tolerability; to benzoyl peroxide used alone and was similar to benzoyl peroxide/ erythromycin, making this combination product an effective alternative antimicrobial therapy for acne.

The comparative efficacy of benzoyl peroxide 5%/erythromycin 3% gel and erythromycin 4%/zinc 1.2% solution in the treatment of acne vulgaris. [1997.02]
This randomized 10-week study compared the efficacy of benzoyl peroxide 5%/erythromycin 3% gel with erythromycin 4%/zinc 1.2% solution in 72 acne vulgaris patients. Physician global evaluations were significantly more improved (P < or = 0.05) in the benzoyl peroxide 5%/erythromycin 3% gel treatment group compared to erythromycin 4%/zinc 1.2% solution at week 2 and at each subsequent biweekly clinical visit...

Efficiency of benzoyl peroxide-erythromycin gel in comparison with metronidazole gel in the treatment of acne rosacea. [2004.08]
Oral wide-spectrum antibiotics are the linchpin of rosacea treatment...

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Clinical Trials Related to Erythromycin and Benzoyl Peroxide Gel (Erythromycin / Benzoyl Peroxide Topical)

Erythromycin Treatment for Readthrough of APC Gene Stop Codon Mutations in Familial Adenomatous Polyposis [Recruiting]
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause for cancer related mortality in the western world with a lifetime risk of 6%. Etiology is complex, while genetic background significantly affects the risk. Around one third of all genetic disorders as well as most cases of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) and a large proportion of all sporadic CRC cases occur as a result of premature nonsense mutations (creating a stop codon) in an individual's adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene. Nonsense mutations are single-point alterations in the DNA that prematurely halt the protein translation process, producing a shortened, nonfunctional protein. In many of these cases, if the cell can be 'persuaded' to ignore the premature stop codon signal, the resulting protein may be able to ameliorate or stop the disease. Recently, members of the aminoglycoside family of antibiotics have been found to induce ribosomal read-through of nonsense mutations, leading to expression of a full length, functional protein. Investigators have recently shown that members of the aminoglycoside and macrolide antibiotic families can induce read-through of the nonsense mutations in the APC gene and lead to reduced oncogenic phenotypes in CRC cells and in different mice models. The aim of this project is to determine the ability of the macrolide antibiotic-erythromycin to induce read-through of the nonsense mutations in the APC gene and to induce expression of a full length, functional APC protein in patients suffering from FAP and to tests its effect on adenoma number and size and on desmoid tumors in these patients. The future goal is to maximize the effect of stop-codon suppressors on APC while minimizing side effects. In this study investigators will select FAP patients which carry APC nonsense mutations, treat them with erythromycin PO for 4-6 months and examine colonic and duodenal adenomas as well as abdominal desmoid tumors, that will be documented before during and after treatment. In parallel, investigators will test polyp, adenoma and desmoid tissue samples as well as blood samples from these patients for changes in expression levels of the APC protein and related oncogenic markers. Suppression of nonsense mutations within the APC gene should be of benefit for patients suffering from FAP, attenuated FAP or multiple adenomas and for patients with advanced or diffuse CRC. Furthermore, given the rapid progress being made in the identification of different nonsense mutations in human genes that lead to mostly un-curable disease, the identification of clinically approved compounds that suppress nonsense mutations and that can be administered long-term without significant side effects would open new venues in the treatment of genetic human diseases that arise from pre-mature stop codons in important coding sequences. Immediate goal: establish the ability of erythromycin to read-through APC nonsense mutation in FAP patients. The read-through effect of erythromycin will be clinically tested by counting and measuring the number and size of both colonic and duodenal adenomas before and over treatment and by measuring the size of known desmoid tumors. Samples of the adenomas and desmoid tumors will be tested by western blot, immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry for restoration of APC expression and changes in oncogenic markers. These experiments should be conducted within 6 month. Long term objective: 1. Determine the lowest dose of erythromycin that can inhibit growth of colonic neoplasia and CRC in patients expressing a truncated APC protein due to nonsense mutations. 2. Examine the ability of a panel of additional macrolide antibiotics to induce APC nonsense mutation suppression using in-vitro methods. Investigators will focus on macrolide antibiotics that are currently in clinical use and are administrated for long terms. These objectives should take around 6 month and will be conducted in parallel.

Erythromycin Treatment for Readthrough of APC Gene Stop Codon Mutation in Familial Adenomatous Polyposis-minors' Adjusted Version [Not yet recruiting]
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause for cancer related mortality in the western world with a lifetime risk of 6%. Etiology is complex, while genetic background significantly affects the risk. Around one third of all genetic disorders as well as most cases of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) and a large proportion of all sporadic CRC cases occur as a result of premature nonsense mutations (creating a stop codon) in an individual's adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene. Nonsense mutations are single-point alterations in the DNA that prematurely halt the protein translation process, producing a shortened, nonfunctional protein. In many of these cases, if the cell can be 'persuaded' to ignore the premature stop codon signal, the resulting protein may be able to ameliorate or stop the disease. Recently, members of the aminoglycoside family of antibiotics have been found to induce ribosomal read-through of nonsense mutations, leading to expression of a full length, functional protein. Investigators have recently shown that members of the aminoglycoside and macrolide antibiotic families can induce read-through of the nonsense mutations in the APC gene and lead to reduced oncogenic phenotypes in CRC cells and in different mice models. The aim of this project is to determine the ability of the macrolide antibiotic-erythromycin to induce read-through of the nonsense mutations in the APC gene and to induce expression of a full length, functional APC protein in patients suffering from FAP and to tests its effect on adenoma number and size and on desmoid tumors in these patients. The future goal is to maximize the effect of stop-codon suppressors on APC while minimizing side effects. In this study investigators will select FAP patients which carry APC nonsense mutations, treat them with erythromycin PO for 4-6 months and examine colonic and duodenal adenomas as well as abdominal desmoid tumors, that will be documented before during and after treatment. In parallel, investigators will test polyp, adenoma and desmoid tissue samples as well as blood samples from these patients for changes in expression levels of the APC protein and related oncogenic markers. Suppression of nonsense mutations within the APC gene should be of benefit for patients suffering from FAP, attenuated FAP or multiple adenomas and for patients with advanced or diffuse CRC. Furthermore, given the rapid progress being made in the identification of different nonsense mutations in human genes that lead to mostly un-curable disease, the identification of clinically approved compounds that suppress nonsense mutations and that can be administered long-term without significant side effects would open new venues in the treatment of genetic human diseases that arise from pre-mature stop codons in important coding sequences. Immediate goal: establish the ability of erythromycin to read-through APC nonsense mutation in FAP patients. The read-through effect of erythromycin will be clinically tested by counting and measuring the number and size of both colonic and duodenal adenomas before and over treatment and by measuring the size of known desmoid tumors. Samples of the adenomas and desmoid tumors will be tested by western blot, immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry for restoration of APC expression and changes in oncogenic markers. These experiments should be conducted within 6 month. Long term objective: 1. Determine the lowest dose of erythromycin that can inhibit growth of colonic neoplasia and CRC in patients expressing a truncated APC protein due to nonsense mutations. 2. Examine the ability of a panel of additional macrolide antibiotics to induce APC nonsense mutation suppression using in-vitro methods. Investigators will focus on macrolide antibiotics that are currently in clinical use and are administrated for long terms. These objectives should take around 6 month and will be conducted in parallel.

Erythromycin Versus Azithromycin in Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes [Withdrawn]
Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes (PPROM) is treated with an antibiotic, erythromycin or azithromycin, to prolong pregnancy. Erythromycin is taken for several days and can result in stomach upset in some patients, causing them to stop taking the medication. Therefore, azithromycin is often prescribed instead. Azithromycin is usually taken only once and stomach upset is not seen or greatly reduced. The goal of this study is to see if there is a difference between the antibiotic (azithromycin) compared to the antibiotic (erythromycin) in prolonging pregnancy in patients with Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes (PPROM). The working hypothesis is that there is no difference in the clinical effectiveness between antibiotic regimens containing the macrolides azithromycin and erythromycin for prolonging latency in PPROM.

Comparison of Two Macrolides, Azithromycin and Erythromycin, for Symptomatic Treatment of Gastroparesis [Terminated]
Erythromycin is effectively used in the treatment of Gastroparesis (GP) patients. In susceptible patients however, it has been associated with sudden cardiac death due to prolongation of QT intervals and subsequent cardiac risks through its interaction some other drugs. Azithromycin (AZI) is a macrolide antibiotic but does not have the mentioned druf interactions , has fewer gastrointestinal side effects, and fewer risks of QT prolongation and cardiac arrhythmias. Consequently, AZI avoids drawbacks of dosing with erythromycin and may be preferred as a prokinetic agent in patients on other concomitant medications. We hope to demonstrate the effectiveness of Azithromycin (AZI) as compared to Erythromycin in the treatment of Gastroparesis (GP), and later, form the framework for larger randomized-controlled parallel studies to investigate use of AZI for treatment of GP. Our novel hypothesis is to determine whether AZI can be used to treat GP.

Treatment of Dowling Maera Type of Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex by Oral Erythromycin [Recruiting]
Dowling Meara type of epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS-DM) is a rare genodermatosis due to keratin 5 and 14 mutation, characterized by skin fragility and spontaneous or post traumatic blisters. Neonatal period and infancy are critical since this autonomic dominant affection usually improves with age. Cyclins seem to be efficient in some cases of EBS but are prohibited in children younger than 8 years old. Erythromycin can be a good alternative in this population due to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory potential. The aim of this study is the evaluation of the efficiency of oral erythromycin to decrease the number of cutaneous blisters in severe EBS-DM patients from 6 months to 8 years old after 3 months of treatment. Primary end point is the number of patients with decrease of blisters' number of at least 20% after 3 months of treatment by oral erythromycin. It is a preliminary study on 8 patients. Treatment is oral erythromycin twice a day during 3 months. Follow up for each patient is 5 months. The duration of the study is 1 year.

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Page last updated: 2016-07-19

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