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Erythrocin (Erythromycin Stearate) - Summary

 
 



ERYTHROCIN SUMMARY

Erythromycin is produced by a strain of Streptomyces erythraeus and belongs to the macrolide group of antibiotics. It is basic and readily forms salts with acids. Erythrocin Lactobionate (erythromycin lactobionate for injection, USP), is a soluble salt of erythromycin suitable for intravenous administration. It is available as a sterile, lyophilized powder in vials containing the equivalent of 500 mg of erythromycin activity. It is prepared as a solution and lyophilized in its final container.

Erythrocin Lactobionate-IV (erythromycin lactobionate for injection, USP) is indicated in the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated organisms in the diseases listed below when oral administration is not possible or when the severity of the infection requires immediate high serum levels of erythromycin. Intravenous therapy should be replaced by oral administration at the appropriate time.

Upper respiratory tract infections of mild to moderate degree caused by Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci); Streptococcus pneumoniae   (Diplococcus pneumoniae);   Haemophilus influenzae (when used concomitantly with adequate doses of sulfonamides, since many strains of H. influenzae are not susceptible to the erythromycin concentrations ordinarily achieved). (See appropriate sulfonamide labeling for prescribing information.)

Lower respiratory tract infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci); Streptococcus pneumoniae   (Diplococcus   pneumoniae).

Respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae .

Skin and skin structure infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus (resistant staphylococci may emerge during treatment).

Diphtheria: As an adjunct to antitoxin infections due to Corynebacterium diphtheriae to prevent establishment of carriers and to eradicate the organism in carriers.

Erythrasma: In the treatment of infections due to Corynebacterium minutissimum .

Acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae : Erythrocin Lactobionate-IV (erythromycin lactobionate for injection, USP) followed by erythromycin stearate or erythromycin base orally, as an alternative drug in treatment of acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by N. gonorrhoeae in female patients with a history of sensitivity to penicillin.

Before treatment of gonorrhea, patients who are suspected of also having syphilis should have a microscopic examination for T. pallidum (by immunofluorescence or darkfield) before receiving erythromycin and monthly serologic tests for a minimum of 4 months thereafter.

Legionnaires’ Disease caused by Legionella pneumophila . Although no controlled clinical efficacy studies have been conducted, in vitro and limited preliminary clinical data suggest that erythromycin may be effective in treating Legionnaires’ Disease.

Prevention of Initial Attacks of Rheumatic Fever

Penicillin is considered by the American Heart Association to be the drug of choice in the prevention of initial attacks of rheumatic fever (treatment of Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infections of the upper respiratory tract e.g., tonsillitis, or pharyngitis).4 Erythromycin is indicated for the treatment of penicillin-allergic patients. The therapeutic dose should be administered for ten days.

Prevention of Recurrent Attacks of Rheumatic Fever

Penicillin or sulfonamides are considered by the American Heart Association to be the drugs of choice in the prevention of recurrent attacks of rheumatic fever. In patients who are allergic to penicillin and sulfonamides, oral erythromycin is recommended by the American Heart Association in the long-term prophylaxis of streptococcal pharyngitis (for the prevention of recurrent attacks of rheumatic fever).4

Prevention of Bacterial Endocarditis

Although no controlled clinical efficacy trials have been conducted, oral erythromycin has been recommended by the American Heart Association for prevention of bacterial endocarditis in penicillin-allergic patients with prosthetic cardiac valves, most congenital cardiac malformations, surgically constructed systemic pulmonary shunts, rheumatic or other acquired valvular dysfunction, idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis (IHSS), previous history of bacterial endocarditis and mitral valve prolapse with insufficiency when they undergo dental procedures and surgical procedures of the upper respiratory tract.5

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of erythromycin and other antibacterial drugs, erythromycin should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.


See all Erythrocin indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Erythrocin (Erythromycin)

Premedication with erythromycin improves endoscopic visualization of the gastric mucosa in patients with subtotal gastrectomy: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. [2014]
erythromycin improves gastric mucosa visualization in patients with STG... CONCLUSIONS: Premedication with erythromycin improves mucosal visualization

Effect of long-term, low-dose erythromycin on pulmonary exacerbations among patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis: the BLESS randomized controlled trial. [2013]
IMPORTANCE: Macrolide antibiotics such as erythromycin may improve clinical outcomes in non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis, although associated risks of macrolide resistance are poorly defined. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and antimicrobial resistance cost of low-dose erythromycin given for 12 months to patients with non-CF bronchiectasis with a history of frequent pulmonary exacerbations...

Randomized double-blind crossover study to determine the effects of erythromycin on small intestinal nutrient absorption and transit in the critically ill. [2012]
on small intestinal nutrient absorption and transit in the critically ill... CONCLUSIONS: Acute administration of erythromycin increases small intestinal

A comparison between the effectiveness of erythromycin, single-dose clarithromycin and topical fusidic acid in the treatment of erythrasma. [2011.09.18]
Abstract Although erythrasma is a superficial skin infection, there is no consensus on the treatment model of erythrasma... Conclusion: Topical fusidic acid proved to be the most effective treatment; however, clarithromycin therapy may be an alternative regimen in the treatment of erythrasma because of its efficiency and better patient's compliance.

[Comparison of maternal and perinatal outcomes in the conservative treatment preterm premature membrane rupture between the use of erythromycin and clindamycin]. [2011.07]
BACKGROUND: premature rupture of membranes occurs between 5 and 15% of pregnancies, of these, 10% occurs at term and preterm 2 to 3.5%. OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and perinatal outcomes from the use of erythromycin or clindamycin in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes with conservative treatment at the Regional General Hospital No. 36... CONCLUSIONS: comparing the maternal and perinatal outcomes with conservative management of premature rupture of membranes, results were better in the group treated with erythromycin. It is not possible to prove it statistically because of the sample size.

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Clinical Trials Related to Erythrocin (Erythromycin)

The Effect of Concomitant Administration of Erythromycin and Diltiazem on CYP3A Activity in Healthy Volunteers [Completed]
We, the researchers at the Indiana University School of Medicine, are doing this study to better understand how the effects of certain medications are altered when taken simultaneously, or in combination with each other. We will also look at how each volunteer's genes (DNA) may affect the way these medications are metabolized.

Hypothesis:

We will test the hypothesis that the extent of drug-drug interaction caused by the combination of erythromycin and diltiazem is not predictable from the extent of interaction produced by each inhibitor alone. Specifically we will test the hypothesis that the combination of erythromycin and diltiazem will cause a greater decrease in midazolam intravenous and oral clearance than the sum of the decreases caused by each inhibitor alone.

Comparison of Two Macrolides, Azithromycin and Erythromycin, for Symptomatic Treatment of Gastroparesis [Recruiting]
Erythromycin is effectively used in the treatment of Gastroparesis (GP) patients. In susceptible patients however, it has been associated with sudden cardiac death due to prolongation of QT intervals and subsequent cardiac risks through its interaction some other drugs. Azithromycin (AZI) is a macrolide antibiotic but does not have the mentioned druf interactions , has fewer gastrointestinal side effects, and fewer risks of QT prolongation and cardiac arrhythmias. Consequently, AZI avoids drawbacks of dosing with erythromycin and may be preferred as a prokinetic agent in patients on other concomitant medications.

We hope to demonstrate the effectiveness of Azithromycin (AZI) as compared to Erythromycin in the treatment of Gastroparesis (GP), and later, form the framework for larger randomized-controlled parallel studies to investigate use of AZI for treatment of GP.

Our novel hypothesis is to determine whether AZI can be used to treat GP.

A Study of Erythromycin and Rivaroxaban in Study Participants With Normal and Reduced Kidney Function [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of rivaroxaban when administered with erythromycin to study participants with mild or moderate renal impairment compared to the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of rivaroxaban administered to study participants with normal renal function.

Methylnaltrexone vs Erythromycin for Facilitating Gastric Emptying Time in Critically Ill Patients [Recruiting]
42 patients admitted in ICU with intolerance to enteral feeding (GRV more than 250 ml) are recruited. All patients enter a primary acetaminophen absorption test study as baseline. Serum levels of acetaminophen will be measured by florescence polarization method at 15,30,45,60,90,120,180,240,480 minutes after enteral administration of 975 mg acetaminophen. Then the patients will be randomized to methylnaltrexone or erythromycin group. Another acetaminophen absorption test with the same schedule will be done after the last dose of each drug. The area under the curve for acetaminophen blood level will be used to compare the effect of two studied drugs on gastric emptying time.

Effect of Erythromycin Before Endoscopy of Patients With Subtotal Gastrectomy (STG), High Risk of Gastric Stasis [Recruiting]
Erythromycin has a prokinetic effect through Motilin receptor. It evokes migrating motor complex with longer and stronger contraction.

In patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding, It has been shown that erythromycin could clear the stomach of blood, so visual examination could be improved.

Frequent food stasis is encounted when we examine patients with subtotal gastrectomy. It is postulated that erythromycin reduce food stasis and help to improve endoscopy in these cases.

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Erythrocin (Erythromycin) Side Effects

Pancreatitis Acute (3)Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (3)Arrhythmia (3)Respiratory Failure (3)Cardiac Arrest (3)Acidosis (2)COR Pulmonale (2)Chest Pain (2)Electrolyte Imbalance (2)Anuria (2)more >>


Page last updated: 2015-08-10

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