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Epzicom (Abacavir Sulfate / Lamivudine) - Side Effects and Adverse Reactions

 
 



ADVERSE REACTIONS

Abacavir

Hypersensitivity Reaction

Serious and sometimes fatal hypersensitivity reactions have been associated with abacavir sulfate, a component of EPZICOM.

In one study, once-daily dosing of ZIAGEN was associated with more severe hypersensitivity reactions (see WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS: Information for Patients).

Therapy-Naive Adults

Treatment-emergent clinical adverse reactions (rated by the investigator as moderate or severe) with a ≥5% frequency during therapy with ZIAGEN 600 mg once daily or ZIAGEN 300 mg twice daily, both in combination with lamivudine 300 mg once daily and efavirenz 600 mg once daily are listed in Table 4.

Table 4. Treatment-Emergent (All Causality) Adverse Reactions of at Least Moderate Intensity (Grades 2-4, ≥5% Frequency) in Therapy-Naive Adults (CNA30021) Through 48 Weeks of Treatment

Adverse Event

ZIAGEN 600 mg q.d.

plus EPIVIR plus Efavirenz

(n = 384)

ZIAGEN 300 mg b.i.d.

plus EPIVIR plus Efavirenz

(n = 386)

Drug hypersensitivity*

9%

7%

Insomnia

7%

9%

Depression/Depressed mood

7%

7%

Headache/Migraine

7%

6%

Fatigue/Malaise

6%

8%

Dizziness/Vertigo

6%

6%

Nausea

5%

6%

Diarrhea*

5%

6%

Rash

5%

5%

Pyrexia

5%

3%

Abdominal pain/gastritis

4%

5%

Abnormal dreams

4%

5%

Anxiety

3%

5%

* Patients receiving ZIAGEN 600 mg once daily, experienced a significantly higher incidence of severe drug hypersensitivity reactions and severe diarrhea compared to patients who received ZIAGEN 300 mg twice daily. Five percent (5%) of patients receiving ZIAGEN 600 mg once daily had severe drug hypersensitivity reactions compared to 2% of patients receiving ZIAGEN 300 mg twice daily. Two percent (2%) of patients receiving ZIAGEN 600 mg once daily had severe diarrhea while none of the patients receiving ZIAGEN 300 mg twice daily had this event.

Study CNA30024 was a multi-center, double-blind, controlled study in which 649 HIV-infected, therapy-naive adults were randomized and received either ZIAGEN (300 mg twice daily), EPIVIR (150 mg twice daily), and efavirenz (600 mg once daily) or zidovudine (300 mg twice daily), EPIVIR (150 mg twice daily), and efavirenz (600 mg once daily). CNA30024 used double-blind ascertainment of suspected hypersensitivity reactions. During the blinded portion of the study, suspected hypersensitivity to abacavir was reported by investigators in 9% of 324 patients in the abacavir group and 3% of 325 patients in the zidovudine group.

Laboratory Abnormalities

Laboratory abnormalities observed in clinical studies of ZIAGEN were anemia, neutropenia, liver function test abnormalities, and elevations of CPK, blood glucose, and triglycerides. Additional laboratory abnormalities observed in clinical studies of EPIVIR were thrombocytopenia and elevated levels of bilirubin, amylase, and lipase.

The frequencies of treatment-emergent laboratory abnormalities were comparable between treatment groups in Study CNA30021.

Other Adverse Events

In addition to adverse reactions listed above, other adverse events observed in the expanded access program for abacavir were pancreatitis and increased GGT .

Observed During Clinical Practice

The following reactions have been identified during post-approval use of abacavir and lamivudine. Because they are reported voluntarily from a population of unknown size, estimates of frequency cannot be made. These events have been chosen for inclusion due to a combination of their seriousness, frequency of reporting, or potential causal connection to abacavir and/or lamivudine.

Abacavir

Suspected Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) have been reported in patients receiving abacavir primarily in combination with medications known to be associated with SJS and TEN, respectively. Because of the overlap of clinical signs and symptoms between hypersensitivity to abacavir and SJS and TEN, and the possibility of multiple drug sensitivities in some patients, abacavir should be discontinued and not restarted in such cases.

There have also been reports of erythema multiforme with abacavir use.

Abacavir and Lamivudine

Body as a Whole

Redistribution/accumulation of body fat (see PRECAUTIONS: Fat Redistribution).

Digestive

Stomatitis.

Endocrine and Metabolic

Hyperglycemia.

General

Weakness.

Hemic and Lymphatic

Aplastic anemia, anemia (including pure red cell aplasia and severe anemias progressing on therapy), lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly.

Hepatic and Pancreatic

Lactic acidosis and hepatic steatosis, pancreatitis, posttreatment exacerbation of hepatitis B (see WARNINGS).

Hypersensitivity

Sensitization reactions (including anaphylaxis), urticaria.

Musculoskeletal

Muscle weakness, CPK elevation, rhabdomyolysis.

Nervous

Paresthesia, peripheral neuropathy, seizures.

Respiratory

Abnormal breath sounds/wheezing.

Skin

Alopecia, erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome.



REPORTS OF SUSPECTED EPZICOM SIDE EFFECTS / ADVERSE REACTIONS

Below is a sample of reports where side effects / adverse reactions may be related to Epzicom. The information is not vetted and should not be considered as verified clinical evidence.

Possible Epzicom side effects / adverse reactions in male

Reported by a physician from Japan on 2011-10-05

Patient: male

Reactions: Blood Urea Increased, Renal Impairment, Blood Creatinine Increased

Adverse event resulted in: hospitalization

Suspect drug(s):
Reyataz
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: HIV Infection
    Start date: 2010-10-14
    End date: 2010-11-07

Norvir
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: HIV Infection
    Start date: 2010-10-14
    End date: 2010-11-07

Epzicom
    Dosage: 1df:1tabs
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: HIV Infection
    Start date: 2010-10-14



Possible Epzicom side effects / adverse reactions in 66 year old male

Reported by a physician from Japan on 2011-10-06

Patient: 66 year old male

Reactions: Blood Alkaline Phosphatase Increased, Gastrointestinal Haemorrhage, Aspartate Aminotransferase Increased, Alanine Aminotransferase Increased

Adverse event resulted in: hospitalization

Suspect drug(s):
Reyataz
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: HIV Infection
    Start date: 2010-04-03
    End date: 2010-04-20

Epzicom
    Dosage: 1 df = 1 tabs
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: HIV Infection
    Start date: 2010-04-03
    End date: 2010-04-20

Other drugs received by patient: Zithromax



Possible Epzicom side effects / adverse reactions in 32 year old female

Reported by a health professional (non-physician/pharmacist) from United States on 2011-10-07

Patient: 32 year old female

Reactions: Vaginitis Bacterial

Suspect drug(s):
Truvada
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Antiretroviral Therapy
    Start date: 2011-02-01

Retrovir
    Start date: 2011-07-01
    End date: 2011-07-01

Retrovir
    Indication: Antiretroviral Therapy
    Start date: 2011-07-01
    End date: 2011-07-01

Kaletra
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Antiretroviral Therapy
    Start date: 2009-01-01

Epzicom
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Antiretroviral Therapy
    Start date: 2009-01-01
    End date: 2011-02-01

Other drugs received by patient: Folic Acid; Metronidazole



See index of all Epzicom side effect reports >>

Drug label data at the top of this Page last updated: 2006-10-13

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