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Enalaprilat (Enalaprilat) - Summary



Enalaprilat Injection, USP is a sterile aqueous solution for intravenous administration.   Enalaprilat is an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor.

Enalaprilat Injection is indicated for the treatment of hypertension when oral therapy is not practical.

Enalaprilat Injection has been studied with only one other antihypertensive agent, furosemide, which showed approximately additive effects on blood pressure. Enalapril, the pro-drug of enalaprilat, has been used extensively with a variety of other antihypertensive agents, without apparent difficulty except for occasional hypotension.

In using Enalaprilat Injection, consideration should be given to the fact that another angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, captopril, has caused agranulocytosis, particularly in patients with renal impairment or collagen vascular disease, and that available data are insufficient to show that Enalaprilat Injection does not have a similar risk. (See WARNINGS .) 

In considering use of Enalaprilat Injection, it should be noted that in controlled clinical trials ACE inhibitors have an effect on blood pressure that is less in black patients than in non-blacks. In addition, it should be noted that black patients receiving ACE inhibitors have been reported to have a higher incidence of angioedema compared to non-blacks. (See WARNINGS, Angioedema .)

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Media Articles Related to Enalaprilat

Targeted Therapies May Ease Severe Pulmonary Hypertension
Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines [2015.09.29]
A new analysis has spotted a mortality reduction in patients with severe pulmonary hypertension caused by lung disease, but doubts remain.
Medscape Medical News

Targeting hypertension by helping pharmacists deliver enhanced patient care
Source: Hypertension News From Medical News Today [2015.09.21]
Patients with high blood pressure are benefiting from the expanded role played by pharmacists in Alberta, according to a new study from the University of Alberta's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry.

Hypertension drug reduces inflammation from traumatic brain injury
Source: Hypertension News From Medical News Today [2015.09.21]
A new study on the processes causing inflammation after a TBI identifies a protein produced in the liver that can be blocked using a drug for hypertension.

New imaging technique reveals early brain damage caused by hypertension
Source: Hypertension News From Medical News Today [2015.09.18]
Researchers have found that a new imaging technique known as diffusion tensor imaging can show when high blood pressure causes early damage to neural pathways in the brain.

Popular hypertension drugs linked to worse heart health in blacks compared to whites
Source: Hypertension News From Medical News Today [2015.09.16]
Drugs commonly used to treat high blood pressure, and prevent heart attacks and strokes, are associated with significantly worse cardiovascular outcomes in hypertensive African Americans compared...

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Published Studies Related to Enalaprilat

Myocardial protection with enalaprilat in patients unresponsive to ischemic preconditioning during percutaneous coronary intervention. [2008.12]
Cardioprotection due to angiotensin enzyme inhibitors is attributed, at least in part, to the inhibition of bradykinin breakdown and the preconditioning effect of the elevated endogenous bradykinin level. We have previously shown that in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, one 120-second balloon inflation is insufficient to precondition the heart...

Pretreatment with intracoronary enalaprilat protects human myocardium during percutaneous coronary angioplasty. [2007.04.17]
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that enalaprilat induces preconditioning (PC)-mimetic actions in patients with stable coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors increase the bioavailability of bradykinin, which induces cardiac PC... CONCLUSIONS: Pretreatment with enalaprilat attenuates the manifestations of myocardial ischemia during angioplasty. This is the first in vivo evidence showing that an ACE inhibitor protects human myocardium, possibly via PC-mimetics actions, a novel property that might explain the cardioprotective actions of these drugs.

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Clinical Trials Related to Enalaprilat

Relative Bioavailability Study With Enalapril in Healthy Volunteers [Active, not recruiting]
Phase I study in healthy adult male and female volunteers to compare the bioavailability of enalapril administered in orodispersible Minitablets with or without water in comparison to the standard galenic tablet formulation of enalapril. The standard pharmacokinetic parameters will be calculated from the bioanalytical results for enalapril and enalaprilat and compared in a descriptive statistical analysis.

A Fixed Dose Combination Amlodipine + Enalapril Bioavailability Study [Completed]
The study is designed to estimate the bioavailability of amlodipine and enalapril maleate fixed dose combination (FDC) relative to co-administration of amlodipine and enalapril maleate tablets. The rational for this study is to provide a more convenient dosing regimen for patients. This is an open-label, randomized, single dose, two-way crossover study, in which 16 healthy adult male and female subjects will be enrolled and dosed under fasting conditions. Each subject will participate in two treatment periods of 7 days each. There will be at least 14 days of wash out period between the two dosing periods and a follow-up period of up to 21 days after treatment period 2. The total duration of study will be approximately 35 days from the start of the first treatment.

Comparison of the Antihypertensive Efficacy of Valsartan and Enalapril After Missing One Dose [Completed]
This study was designed in order to evaluate the blood pressure lowering effect of valsartan compared to enalapril over 24 hours after skipping one daily dose. Both drugs act on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and are widely use for the treatment of hypertension. Previous studies had a significant limitation: the effect of a missing dose was not evaluated after the whole 24 hours post missing dose period (48 hours after last taken dose), and as a result, it does not imitate the real life situation of a missing dose.

China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial [Completed]
The purpose of this trial is to confirm that enalapril maleate and folic acid tablets is more effective in preventing stroke among the patients with primary hypertension when compared to enalapril maleate.

Enalapril Maleate and Doxorubicin Hydrochloride in Treating Women With Breast Cancer [Active, not recruiting]
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Enalapril maleate may help protect heart cells from the side effects of chemotherapy. It is not yet known whether giving enalapril maleate before or after doxorubicin hydrochloride is more effective in treating women with breast cancer. PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying giving enalapril maleate together with doxorubicin hydrochloride to see how well it works in treating women with breast cancer.

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Page last updated: 2015-09-29

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