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Emcyt (Estramustine Phosphate Sodium) - Summary

 
 



EMCYT SUMMARY

Emcyt®
estramustine phosphate sodium capsules

Estramustine phosphate sodium, an antineoplastic agent, is an off-white powder readily soluble in water. EMCYT Capsules are white and opaque, each containing estramustine phosphate sodium as the disodium salt monohydrate equivalent to 140 mg estramustine phosphate, for oral administration. Each capsule also contains magnesium stearate, silicon dioxide, sodium lauryl sulfate, and talc. Gelatin capsule shells contain the following pigment: titanium dioxide.

EMCYT Capsules are indicated in the palliative treatment of patients with metastatic and/or progressive carcinoma of the prostate.


See all Emcyt indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Media Articles Related to Emcyt (Estramustine)

Advances in Prostate Cancer: 2014
Source: Medscape Family Medicine Headlines [2014.12.11]
Dr Chodak highlights new findings in prostate cancer prevention, detection, and treatment in this 2014 update.
Medscape Urology

Prostate Cancer Overtreated Despite Limited Life Expectancy
Source: Medscape Medical Students Headlines [2014.12.11]
Surgery and radiation are being overused in men with prostate cancer and a life expectancy of less than 10 years, when less aggressive strategies would be more appropriate.
Medscape Medical News

No Prostate Cancer Risk With Testosterone for Hypogonadism
Source: Medscape Diabetes & Endocrinology Headlines [2014.12.10]
New registry data should help reassure doctors that using testosterone therapy for hypogonadism does not increase the risk for prostate cancer, say German researchers.
Medscape Medical News

A yardstick to measure the malignancy of prostate cancer
Source: Prostate / Prostate Cancer News From Medical News Today [2014.12.10]
A protein that influences the epigenetic characteristics of tumor cells is directly linked to the grade of malignancy of prostate cancer.

Prevention of prostate cancer growth and spread achieved in animal studies
Source: Genetics News From Medical News Today [2014.12.09]
Researchers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center have completed a critical step in the journey from a basic science discovery in the lab to a potential clinical application, showing...

more news >>

Published Studies Related to Emcyt (Estramustine)

A randomized phase II trial of personalized peptide vaccine plus low dose estramustine phosphate (EMP) versus standard dose EMP in patients with castration resistant prostate cancer. [2010.07]
Personalized peptide vaccination (PPV) combined with chemotherapy could be a novel approach for many cancer patients. In this randomized study, we evaluated the anti-tumor effect and safety of PPV plus low-dose estramustine phosphate (EMP) as compared to standard-dose EMP for HLA-A2- or -A24-positive patients with castration resistant prostate cancer...

Neoadjuvant LHRH analog plus estramustine phosphate combined with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy for intermediate- to high-risk prostate cancer: a randomized study. [2010.03]
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of a treatment regimen comprising neoadjuvant conventional androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) plus estramustine phosphate (EMP) combined with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) for patients with intermediate- to high-risk prostate cancer... CONCLUSIONS: The present results indicate that the combination of neoadjuvant ADT plus EMP combined with 3D-CRT sustains freedom from PSA relapse in patients with intermediate- to high-risk prostate cancer. However, this regimen is insufficient for preventing biochemical failure, and an additional intervention such as adjuvant ADT, radiation dose escalation, or both, is required, especially for patients with a pretreatment PSA level of more than 20 ng/ml and high-grade cancer.

A randomized phase II trial of mitoxantrone, estramustine and vinorelbine or bcl-2 modulation with 13-cis retinoic acid, interferon and paclitaxel in patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer: ECOG 3899. [2010.02.24]
BACKGROUND: To test the hypothesis that modulation of Bcl-2 with 13-cis retinoic acid (CRA)/interferon-alpha2b (IFN) with paclitaxel (TAX), or mitoxantrone, estramustine and vinorelbine (MEV) will have clinical activity in men with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)... CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with MEV was well tolerated and demonstrated clinical activity in patients with CRPC. Given the adverse effect of CRA/IFN/TAX on QOL, the study of other novel agents that target Bcl-2 family proteins is warranted. The feasibility of measuring Bcl-2 protein in a cooperative group setting is hypothesis generating and supports further study as a marker for Bcl-2 targeted therapy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials Registration number: CDR0000067865.

Phase III multi-institutional trial of adjuvant chemotherapy with paclitaxel, estramustine, and oral etoposide combined with long-term androgen suppression therapy and radiotherapy versus long-term androgen suppression plus radiotherapy alone for high-risk prostate cancer: preliminary toxicity analysis of RTOG 99-02. [2009.03.01]
CONCLUSION: TEE was associated with significantly increased toxicity during treatment. The toxicity profiles did not differ at 2 and 3 years after therapy. Toxicity is an important consideration in the design of trials using adjuvant chemotherapy for prostate cancer.

Prospective randomized study comparing docetaxel, estramustine, and prednisone with docetaxel and prednisone in metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer. [2008.11.10]
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy and toxicity of the addition of estramustine to docetaxel (D) for the treatment of metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer... CONCLUSION: The addition of estramustine to weekly D does not provide any clinically relevant advantage. Both regimens are well tolerated, although the toxicity profile favors D without estramustine.

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Clinical Trials Related to Emcyt (Estramustine)

Safety and Efficacy Study of of Docetaxel vs Docetaxel Estramustine in Hormone Refractory Prostatic Cancer [Completed]
we propose to randomize patients with hormone resistant prostate cancer between docetaxel/estramustine/prednisone and docetaxel/prednisone in a phase II study. The principal endpoint will be the efficacy in term of PSA response.

Docetaxel, Estramustine, and Thalidomide in Treating Patients With Prostate Cancer Previously Treated With Hormone Therapy [Active, not recruiting]
RATIONALE: Thalidomide may stop the growth of prostate cancer by stopping blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with thalidomide may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining docetaxel and estramustine with thalidomide in treating patients who have prostate cancer previously treated with hormone therapy.

Oral Estramustine and Oral Vinorelbine in the Treatment of Hormone-Refractory Prostate Cancer [Active, not recruiting]
Purpose: This clinical trail will combine the chemotherapy drugs, Estramustine and Vinorelbine (Navelbine), on an intermittent therapy strategy based on PSA response in the treatment of hormone refractory prostate cancer. The investigators will determine the tolerable dose of (oral) vinorelbine in combination with (oral)estramustine, and evaluate the efficacy of this treatment for patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer.

Estramustine, Etoposide and Paclitaxel Treatment for Hormonally Responsive Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate [Active, not recruiting]
Hormonal therapy is the standard treatment for prostate cancer which has spread to other areas of the body. Despite the high initial response rates to hormonal therapy, the vast majority of men will develop cancer which is no longer responsive to hormone deprivation. The average time for hormonal therapy to be effective is about 18 months. Chemotherapy combinations which can treat the disease when it no longer responds to hormonal therapy have been developed, but these treatments are not curative. One of these combinations is estramustine, etoposide and paclitaxel. In men with far advanced disease, 60% will have a decrease in their PSA or shrinkage of tumors after treatment with this chemotherapy. Despite this, these men have all developed further disease progression requiring additional treatment. One possible way to make chemotherapy more effective is to give it when the number of tumor cells is smallest, and the number of cells to be killed is at a low level. One situation in which this is true is when a man has responded to hormonal therapy any tumors are at their smallest size. This study will test whether the addition of chemotherapy at that time will prolong the time until the cancer becomes unresponsive to hormonal therapy.

Ixabepilone With or Without Estramustine in Treating Patients With Progressive Prostate Cancer [Completed]
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as ixabepilone and estramustine, use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known whether BMS-247550 is more effective with or without estramustine in treating prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase I/II trial is studying the best dose of ixabepilone when given together with estramustine and to see how well giving ixabepilone together with estramustine works compared to ixabepilone alone in treating patients with progressive prostate cancer.

more trials >>


Page last updated: 2014-12-11

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