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Doryx (Doxycycline Hyclate) - Summary

 
 



DORYX SUMMARY

DORYX Tablets contain specially coated pellets of doxycycline hyclate, a broad-spectrum antibiotic synthetically derived from oxytetracycline, in a delayed-release formulation for oral administration.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of DORYX and other antibacterial drugs, DORYX should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Doxycycline is indicated for the following:

Treatment:

Doxycycline is indicated for the treatment of the following infections:

  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever,
    rickettsialpox, and tick fevers caused by Rickettsiae.
  • Respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
  • Lymphogranuloma venereum caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.
  • Psittacosis (ornithosis) caused by Chlamydia psittaci.
  • Trachoma caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, although the infectious agent is not always eliminated as judged by immunofluorescence.
  • Inclusion conjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.
  • Uncomplicated urethral, endocervical or rectal infections in adults caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.
  • Nongonococcal urethritis caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum.
  • Relapsing fever due to Borrelia recurrentis.

Doxycycline also is indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following gram-negative microorganisms:

  • Chancroid caused by Haemophilus ducreyi.
  • Plague due to Yersinia pestis (formerly Pasteurella pesti s).
  • Tularemia due to Francisella tularensis (formerly Pasteurella tularensi s).
  • Cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae (formerly Vibrio comma).
  • Campylobacter fetus infections caused by Campylobacter fetus (formerly Vibrio fetu s).
  • Brucellosis due to Brucella species (in conjunction with streptomycin).
  • Bartonellosis due to Bartonella bacilliformis.
  • Granuloma inguinale caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis.

Because many strains of the following groups of microorganisms have been shown to be resistant to doxycycline, culture and susceptibility testing are recommended.

Doxycycline is indicated for treatment of infections caused by the following gram-negative microorganisms, when bacteriological testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug:

  • Escherichia coli.
  • Enterobacter aerogenes (formerly Aerobacter aerogenes).
  • Shigella species.
  • Acinetobacter species (formerly Mima species and Herellea species).
  • Respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae.
  • Respiratory tract and urinary tract infections caused by Klebsiella species.

Doxycycline is indicated for treatment of infections caused by the following gram-positive microorganisms when bacteriological testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug:

  • Upper respiratory infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae (formerly Diplococcus pneumoniae)

Anthrax due to Bacillus anthracis, including inhalational anthrax (post-exposure): to reduce the incidence or progression of disease following exposure to aerosolized Bacillus anthracis.

When penicillin is contraindicated, doxycycline is an alternative drug in the treatment of the following infections:

  • Uncomplicated gonorrhea caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
  • Syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum.
  • Yaws caused by Treponema pertenue.
  • Listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes.
  • VincentÂ’s infection caused by Fusobacterium fusiforme.
  • Actinomycosis caused by Actinomyces israelii.
  • Infections caused by Clostridium species.

In acute intestinal amebiasis, doxycycline may be a useful adjunct to amebicides.

In severe acne, doxycycline may be useful adjunctive therapy.

Prophylaxis:

Doxycycline is indicated for the prophylaxis of malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum in short-term travelers (<4 months) to areas with chloroquine and/or pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine resistant strains. See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION section and Information for Patients subsections of the PRECAUTIONS section.


See all Doryx indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Doryx (Doxycycline)

Effect of doxycycline vs placebo on retinal function and diabetic retinopathy progression in mild to moderate nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy: a randomized proof-of-concept clinical trial. [2014]
IMPORTANCE: Microglia have been associated with inflammatory changes underlying diabetic retinopathy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether low-dose oral doxycycline monohydrate, a drug capable of inhibiting microglial activation, can improve or slow the deterioration of retinal function and whether it can induce regression or slow progression of diabetic retinopathy in patients with mild to moderate nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR)...

The effect of prolonged systemic doxycycline therapy on serum tissue degrading proteinases in coronary bypass patients: a randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled clinical trial. [2014]
biomarkers during 4 months of doxycycline therapy in coronary bypass patients... CONCLUSIONS: Doxycycline decreases the systemic inflammatory burden in patients

Subantimicrobial-dose doxycycline treatment increases serum cholesterol efflux capacity from macrophages. [2013]
removal from macrophages... CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that SDD treatment may reduce the risk of

A study of the clinical activity of a gel combining monocaprin and doxycycline: a novel treatment for herpes labialis. [2012]
doxycycline in vivo against herpes labialis... CONCLUSION: Combining monocaprin with low-dose doxycycline offers an effective

Low-Dose Doxycycline Plus Additional Therapies may Lower Systemic Inflammation in Postmenopausal Women with Periodontitis. [2011.12]
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: The effect of subantimicrobial-dose-doxycycline periodontal therapy on serum biomarkers of systemic inflammation: a randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Doryx (Doxycycline)

NGU: Doxycycline (Plus or Minus Tinidazole) Versus Azithromycin (Plus or Minus Tinidazole) [Completed]
This study will look at the safety, effectiveness, and tolerability of combination medications for the initial treatment of non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU). NGU is inflammation of the tube that carries urine from the bladder. NGU is caused by bacteria that may be passed from person to person during sex. This study will compare the 2 currently recommended NGU treatments, doxycycline and azithromycin, taken with tinidazole (another medication to treat certain sexually transmitted infections). Tinidazole used with doxycycline or azithromycin may cure NGU better than when doxycycline or azithromycin is used alone. Study participants will be 300 men ages 16-45 years with NGU attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in Birmingham, AL; New Orleans, LA; Durham, NC; and Baltimore, MD. Study participation will last 7 weeks and involve 3 visits. At each visit, participants will provide a urine sample, have 2 urethral swabs, and have their urethra checked for discharge indicating infection.

Treatment of Acne Vulgaris With Doryx Tablets Compared to Doxycyline Hyclate [Completed]
Randomized, multi-center, open label, active-comparator study to compare the efficacy and tolerability of Doryx Delayed Release Tablets to doxycycline hyclate in patients with moderate to severe acne vulgaris.

Examination of the Anti-inflammatory and Insulin Sensitizing Properties of Doxycycline in Humans [Completed]
Obesity is a heightened state of inflammation in which production of cytokines and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) result in loss of function of insulin receptors and insulin resistance. Doxycycline (DOX) is a potent MMP inhibitor. We hypothesize that DOX will enhance insulin sensitivity and decreases inflammation in obese participants with type 2 diabetes (DM2).

Trial of the Use of Doxycycline After Rotator Cuff Repair [Not yet recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to examine healing after rotator cuff repair in subjects either treated with Doxycycline or placebo post-operatively.

Doxycycline Effects on Inflammation in Cystic Fibrosis [Completed]
Doxycycline is known to exhibit immune modulatory activities beyond its antibacterial effects. In particular, doxycycline is a potent inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase 9, which is a protease derived largely from neutrophils. Recent studies demonstrate a significant correlation between pulmonary disease severity and sputum concentrations of MMP-9 in patients with CF. In addition, sputum MMP-9 levels are associated with airway remodeling in CF. The goal of this study is to determine the therapeutic potential of doxycycline in modulating host airway inflammation in patients with CF. Specifically, the study will characterize the PK /PD of doxycycline, evaluate the safety of short term therapy, and explore the concentration effect relationship between doxycycline exposure and sputum biomarker levels.

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Doryx (Doxycycline) Side Effects

Autoimmune Hepatitis (2)Malaise (2)Dizziness (2)Dyspnoea (2)Anxiety (2)Lymphadenopathy (1)Nasopharyngitis (1)Negative Thoughts (1)Folliculitis (1)Headache (1)more >>


PATIENT REVIEWS / RATINGS / COMMENTS

Based on a total of 10 ratings/reviews, Doryx has an overall score of 6.30. The effectiveness score is 7.40 and the side effect score is 7.60. The scores are on ten point scale: 10 - best, 1 - worst. Below are selected reviews: the highest, the median and the lowest rated.
 

Doryx review by 38 year old female patient

  Rating
Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Highly Effective
Side effects:   No Side Effects
  
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   Acne
Dosage & duration:   100 mg taken once a day for the period of six months
Other conditions:   Adult acne, hair thinning
Other drugs taken:   Birth control pills
  
Reported Results
Benefits:   My acne was significantly reduced. My doctor added the oral medicince because using topical acne medications did not slow the acne pimples. My face only improved while using birth control pills, Doryx, and the topical acne medications.
Side effects:   No
Comments:   I used birth control pills, Doryx, and topical acne medications to manage my adult acne.

 

Doryx review by 39 year old female patient

  Rating
Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Considerably Effective
Side effects:   Moderate Side Effects
  
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   Acne
Dosage & duration:   150 MG taken once a day for the period of 4 Month
Other conditions:   Joint Pain And headachs
Other drugs taken:   Vitamins
  
Reported Results
Benefits:   My skin cleared of acne after two weeks, I still have oily skin I use bare mineral makeup to minimize oil overall my skin look great.
Side effects:   Joint pain in my knees and elbows and finger joints Tired, I stop taking the Doryx for a week and the joint pain stop but my acne return I also suffered very painful headaches here and there
Comments:   once a day or every other day

 

Doryx review by 29 year old female patient

  Rating
Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Ineffective
Side effects:   Moderate Side Effects
  
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   Acne
Dosage & duration:   100mg daily taken one month 2 weeks for the period of one month
Other conditions:   None
Other drugs taken:   None
  
Reported Results
Benefits:   None!
Side effects:   Hair loss! More Acne!
Comments:   Please dont take this medicine it made my acne horrible! I only had mild acne in my chin area. After taking this medicine it made my acne worst like never before in my life. I started getting severe acne all over my face!Now I have ugly acne and scaring and before this horrible medicine I only had ugly chin acne!I feel so depressed! I dont want to live any more!

See all Doryx reviews / ratings >>

Page last updated: 2015-08-10

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