in 5% Dextrose Injection, USP
Dopamine Hydrochloride and 5% Dextrose Injection, USP is a sterile, nonpyrogenic solution of Dopamine Hydrochloride, USP and Dextrose, USP in Water for Injection.
Dopamine hydrochloride is indicated for the correction of hemodynamic imbalances present in the shock syndrome due to myocardial infarctions, trauma, endotoxic septicemia, open heart surgery, renal failure and chronic cardiac decompensation as in congestive failure.
Where appropriate, restoration of blood volume with a suitable plasma expander or whole blood should be instituted or completed prior to administration of dopamine hydrochloride.
Patients most likely to respond adequately to dopamine hydrochloride are those in whom physiological parameters, such as urine flow, myocardial function and blood pressure have not undergone profound deterioration. Reports indicate that the shorter the time interval between onset of signs and symptoms and initiation of therapy with volume correction and dopamine hydrochloride, the better the prognosis.
Poor Perfusion of Vital Organs
Urine flow appears to be one of the better diagnostic signs by which adequacy of vital organ perfusion can be monitored. Nevertheless, the physician should also observe the patient for signs of reversal of confusion or comatose condition. Loss of pallor, increase in toe temperature and/or adequacy of nail bed capillary filling may also be used as indices of adequate dosage. Reported studies indicate that when dopamine hydrochloride is administered before urine flow has diminished to levels of approximately 0.3 mL/minute, prognosis is more favorable. Nevertheless, in a number of oliguric or anuric patients, administration of dopamine hydrochloride has resulted in an increase in urine flow which in some cases reached normal levels. Dopamine hydrochloride may also increase urine flow in patients whose output is within normal limits and thus may be of value in reducing the degree of preexisting fluid accumulation. It should be noted that at doses above those optimal for the individual patient, urine flow may decrease, necessitating reduction of dosage. Concurrent administration of dopamine hydrochloride and diuretic agents may produce an additive or potentiating effect.
Low Cardiac Output
Increased cardiac output is related to dopamine hydrochloride’s direct inotropic effect on the myocardium. Increased cardiac output at low or moderate doses appears to be related to a favorable prognosis. Increase in cardiac output has been associated with either static or decreased systemic vascular resistance (SVR). Static or decreased SVR associated with low or moderate increments in cardiac output is believed to be a reflection of differential effects on specific vascular beds with increased resistance in peripheral beds (e.g., femoral) and concomitant decreases in mesenteric and renal vascular beds. Redistribution of blood flow parallels these changes so that an increase in cardiac output is accompanied by an increase in mesenteric and renal blood flow. In many instances the renal fraction of the total cardiac output has been found to increase. Increase in cardiac output produced by dopamine hydrochloride is not associated with substantial decreases in systemic vascular resistance as may occur with isoproterenol.
Hypotension due to inadequate cardiac output can be managed by administration of low to moderate doses of dopamine hydrochloride, which have little effect on SVR. At high therapeutic doses, dopamine hydrochloride’s alpha-adrenergic activity becomes more prominent and thus may correct hypotension due to diminished SVR. As in the case of other circulatory decompensation states, prognosis is better in patients whose blood pressure and urine flow have not undergone profound deterioration. Therefore, it is suggested that the physician administer dopamine hydrochloride as soon as a definite trend toward decreased systolic and diastolic pressure becomes evident.
Published Studies Related to Dopamine Injection
Effect of intravenous lidocaine associated with amitriptyline on pain relief and plasma serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine concentrations in fibromyalgia. [2011.05]
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of intravenous lidocaine combined with amitriptyline on pain relief and plasma serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine levels... CONCLUSIONS: Combined administration of 240 mg intravenous lidocaine (once a week) and 25 mg amitriptyline for 4 weeks did not modify pain intensity or plasma serotonin, norepinephrine, or dopamine concentrations in fibromyalgia patients.
The role of nutrition in the regulation of luteinizing hormone secretion by the opioidergic, dopaminergic, and serotonergic systems in female Mediterranean goats. [2011.03]
This study examined which neural mechanism (opioid, dopaminergic, or serotonergic system) is involved in the regulation of luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion, with and without nutritional modulation, at different times of the photoperiodic cycle. Goats were randomly distributed into two experimental groups that received either 1.1 (high group; n = 18) or 0.7 (low group; n = 18) times the nutritional maintenance requirements...
Serotonin transporters in dopamine transporter imaging: a head-to-head comparison of dopamine transporter SPECT radioligands 123I-FP-CIT and 123I-PE2I. [2010.12]
Current SPECT radioligands available for in vivo imaging of the dopamine transporter (DAT) also show affinity for monoamine transporters other than DAT, especially the serotonin transporter (SERT). The effect of this lack of selectivity for in vivo imaging is unknown. In this study, we compared the SPECT radioligands (123)I-2-beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-iodophenyl)-N-(3-fluoropropyl)nortropane ((123)I-FP-CIT) and (123)I-N-(3-iodoprop-2E-enyl)-2-beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-methylphenyl) nortropane ((123)I-PE2I), which has a 10-fold higher selectivity than (123)I-FP-CIT for DAT versus SERT [corrected]... CONCLUSION: (123)I-FP-CIT and (123)I-PE2I had approximately the same target-to-background ratios, but per injected megabecquerel, (123)I-FP-CIT gave rise to 3-fold higher cerebral counting rates. We found that (123)I-FP-CIT, but not (123)I-PE2I, brain images have a highly interindividual but significant signal contribution from SERT. Whether the SERT signal contribution is of clinical importance needs to be established in future patient studies.
The non-ergot derived dopamine agonist quinagolide in prevention of early ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in IVF patients: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. [2010.04]
BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) seems to be induced by the ovarian release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which increases vascular permeability. Dopamine agonists inhibit VEGF receptor phosphorylation and thereby decrease vascular permeability... CONCLUSIONS: Quinagolide appears to prevent moderate/severe early OHSS while not affecting treatment outcome. The effect is more marked in patients who did not achieve a clinical pregnancy. Quinagolide administered in high doses without dose-titration is associated with poor tolerability. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00329693.
Monthly administration of long-acting injectable risperidone and striatal dopamine D2 receptor occupancy for the management of schizophrenia. [2008.08]
CONCLUSION: As with plasma levels, there was considerable variability in D(2) occupancy levels for individuals receiving long-acting risperidone. This work suggests a possibility that sustained D(2) occupancy at or above the accepted threshold with acute clinical response may not be necessary to maintain response, a hypothesis with important clinical implications as we consider antipsychotic dosing and future antipsychotic development. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00236353.
Clinical Trials Related to Dopamine Injection
Study of Dopamine Versus Vasopressin for Treatment of Low Blood Pressure in Low Birth Weight Infants [Recruiting]
Low blood pressure or hypotension is a very important problem that is often seen in
premature babies, especially those with low birth weight. Severe hypotension leads to
significant problems including brain bleeds, developmental delays, kidney and liver
problems, and other issues that can affect babies for the rest of their lives. An important
aspect in the management of infants with hypotension is the decision of when to treat and
with what agent. Research is being conducted to try to find the best medication to use in
these situations. Dopamine is often used first, but it does not always prove to be
effective, and it has several concerning side effects. This study will look at vasopressin,
which has fewer side effects, as a first-line medication for low blood pressure in extremely
low birth weight infants.
Hypotheses and Specific Aims: This study will show superiority of vasopressin to dopamine in
preterm, extremely low birth weight infants who have hypotension within the first 24 hours
of life. We will specifically look at its ability to raise blood pressure values, improve
clinical symptoms seen, any adverse effects, and clinical outcomes of babies being treated.
Dopamine in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure II [Recruiting]
The aim of this study is to compare the effects of 1) high-dose furosemide, 2) low-dose
furosemide, and 3) low-dose furosemide combined with low-dose dopamine on diuresis, clinical
status, renal function, electrolyte balance, length of stay, and 60-day post-discharge
outcomes in patients hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure.
Dopamine in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (DAD-HF) Trial [Recruiting]
The aim of this study is to compare the effects of high-dose furosemide versus low-dose
furosemide combined with low-dose dopamine on diuresis, renal function, electrolyte balance,
and 60-day post-discharge outcomes in patients hospitalized with acute decompensated heart
A Brain Imaging Study Into Nicotine Induced Dopamine Release in Cigarette Smokers. [Recruiting]
Dopamine (DA) plays a critical role in nicotine (and other) addiction and this drug is known
to release DA in brain areas mediating reward and motivational processes. Although imaging
studies show that release of DA follows smoking, little is known regarding how common
genetic polymorphisms for three genes associated in some studies with smoking (dopamine D2
receptor, dopamine and serotonin transporter) interact with smoking status and modulate
individual differences in nicotine-induced DA release and dopamine receptor occupancy, in
vivo. The current proposal combines brain imaging and genomics ('imaging genomics') towards
partially unraveling the complex relationship between smoking phenotype and common
polymorphisms. Understanding whether genetic factors contribute to inter-individual
variability in smoking is crucial for interpreting imaging results in the context of disease
pathology. We hypothesize that a model of vulnerability to addiction based on interactions
between genotype, receptor and transporter availability and in vivo nicotine-induced DA
release will elucidate some of the fundamental neurochemical and neurogenetic circuits
Dopamine Versus Dobutamine for Treatment of Arterial Hypotension in Term and Preterm Neonates [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of Dobutamine as compared to Dopamine in
term and preterm neonates with arterial hypotension on cerebral and renal oxygenation,
fractional tissue oxygen extraction, mean arterial blood pressure and cardiac output.
The investigators hypothesize that Dopamine has a stronger effect on blood pressure than
Dobutamine but Dobutamine has a stronger effect on cerebral oxygenation and cardiac output
Page last updated: 2011-12-09