DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Dilatrate-SR (Isosorbide Dinitrate) - Summary



Isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) is an organic nitrate.

dilatrate®-SR sustained release capsules are indicated for the prevention of angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease. The onset of action of controlled-release oral isosorbide dinitrate is not sufficiently rapid for this product to be useful in aborting an acute anginal episode.

See all Dilatrate-SR indications & dosage >>


Published Studies Related to Dilatrate-SR (Isosorbide Dinitrate)

Randomized controlled trial of the efficacy of isosorbide-SR addition to current treatment in medical expulsive therapy for ureteral calculi. [2011.10]
It has been suggested that nitrates are potent smooth muscle relaxants that may reduce pain and facilitate ureteral stone passage; therefore it may be an option for medical expulsive therapy in ureteral stones. In a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial, we evaluated the efficacy of medical expulsive therapy with isosorbide-SR 40 mg in patients with ureteral stones (</=10 mm)...

Intravaginal administration of isosorbide mononitrate and misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labour: a randomized controlled trial. [2011.07]
BACKGROUND: Labor induction in the presence of unfavorable cervix is a common indication for the use of prostaglandins. However, in the last years, there has been a considerable interest in the use of nitrous oxide donors for cervical ripening and labor induction. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravaginal administration of NOD isosorbide mononitrate (IMN) plus misoprostol versus misoprostol alone for cervical ripening and induction of labor. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Woman's Health Center, Assiut University... CONCLUSIONS: Using a combination of IMN and misoprostol is more efficient than misoprostol alone in terms of fast cervical ripening and shortening of induction-labour interval.

Comparison of isosorbide mononitrate and misoprostol for cervical ripening in termination of pregnancy between 8 and 12 weeks: a randomized controlled trial. [2011.06]
AIM: The present study was undertaken to compare the efficacy of isosorbide mononitrate (IMN) and misoprostol for cervical ripening in termination of pregnancy between 8 and 12 weeks... CONCLUSION: The results show that IMN has a definite role and better safety profile than misoprostol in first trimester cervical ripening, although misoprostol is more effective and causes less blood loss.

[Comparison of isosorbide dinitrate and dinoprostone for induction of labor in term pregnancy]. [2011.05]
CONCLUSIONS: the isosorbide dinitrate is associated with lower duration of labor compared with dinoprostone. There was no difference in the maternal-fetal outcome by using whatever drug.

Improvement of hypertension and LVH in maintenance hemodialysis patients treated with sustained-release isosorbide mononitrate. [2011.03]
BACKGROUND: Hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are independent predictors of morbidity and mortality in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. The level of serum asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is increased in MHD patients, which is a kind of uremic toxin. It can competitively inhibit nitric oxide production from L-arginine, which can increase vascular resistance, then lead to endothelium dysfunction, hypertension, LVH and decrease of ejection fraction. A sustained-release preparation of isosorbide mononitrate can lead to vasodilatation by releasing nitrogen monoxide. But it remains unclear whether oral isosorbide mononitrate in MHD patients can control blood pressure (BP) and reverse LVH. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral sustained-release isosorbide mononitrate on hypertension and LVH in MHD patients... CONCLUSIONS: Sustained-release isosorbide mononitrate, which is safe and well tolerated, can effectively control BP, decrease the category and quantity of hypotensive drugs, improve left ventricular hypertrophy and reduce the incidence of acute left heart failure in MHD patients.

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Dilatrate-SR (Isosorbide Dinitrate)

Pharmacokinetic Properties of Isosorbide-5-mononitrate Under Fasting and Fed Condition in Healthy Male Subjects [Completed]

Medical Management of Late Intrauterine Death. [Completed]

Bi Treatment With Hydralazine/Nitrates Versus Placebo in Africans Admitted With Acute Heart Failure [Active, not recruiting]
To investigate the effect of hydralazine isosorbide dinitrate on clinical outcomes, symptoms, cardiac parameters and functional status of African patients hospitalized with AHF and left ventricular dysfunction during 24 weeks of therapy. Administration of hydralazine/nitrates will be superior to placebo administration in reducing HF readmission or death, improving dyspnoea, reducing blood pressure and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in African patients admitted with AHF and left ventricular dysfunction.

A Clinical Trials of Quick-Acting Heart Reliever for Moderate Coronary Stenosis [Completed]
This study investigates the effective power of angina pectoris after Quick-Acting Heart Reliever and isosorbide dinitrate interventing respectively the patients with moderate coronary stenosis for six months. At the same time, the studying will assess the plaque, myocardial blood-supplying,quality of life and observe the end point of the heart (including the myocardial revascularization, death and myocardial infarction). The purpose is to study the function of the blood-quickening stasis-transforming formula Quick-Acting Heart Reliever for moderate coronary stenosis lesions.

The Effect of Sumatriptan and Placebo on Isosorbide-5-mononitrate Induced Headache [Recruiting]
To develop a pragmatic migraine model the investigators will induce headache in healthy volunteers and in patients with migraine without aura with a long lasting Nitrogen Oxide (NO) donor. If the headache responds to sumatriptan, the model can be used to test new drug candidates.

more trials >>

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017