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Dicloxacillin (Dicloxacillin Sodium) - Summary

 
 



DICLOXACILLIN SUMMARY

Dicloxacillin Sodium Capsules, USP
mg and 500 mg

Dicloxacillin sodium, USP is an antibacterial agent of the isoxazolyl penicillin series. It is a penicillinase-resistant, acid resistant semisynthetic penicillin suitable for oral administration.

The penicillinase-resistant penicillins are indicated in the treatment of infections caused by penicillinase-producing staphylococci which have demonstrated susceptibility to the drugs. Cultures and susceptibility tests should be performed initially to determine the causative organism and their sensitivity to the drug (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY Susceptibility Testing).

The penicillinase-resistant penicillins may be used to initiate therapy in suspected cases of resistant staphylococcal infections prior to the availability of laboratory test results. The penicillinase-resistant penicillins should not be used in infections caused by organisms susceptible to penicillin G. If the susceptibility tests indicate that the infection is due to an organism other than a resistant staphylococcus, therapy should not be continued with a penicillinase-resistant penicillin.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of dicloxacillin sodium capsules and other antibacterial drugs, dicloxacillin sodium capsules should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.


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NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Dicloxacillin

Cefuroxime vs a dicloxacillin/chloramphenicol combination for the treatment of parapneumonic pleural effusion and empyema in children. [2002]
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of cefuroxime, compared with the combination of dicloxacillin/chloramphenicol, for the treatment of children with parapneumonic pleural effusion or empyema. Forty patients, aged 3 months to 5 years, with pleural effusion or empyema were randomized to receive cefuroxime (100 mg/kg/day) IV (n=20) or chloramphenicol (100 mg/kg/day) plus dicloxacillin (200 mg/kg/day) IV (n=20).

Randomized comparison of linezolid (PNU-100766) versus oxacillin-dicloxacillin for treatment of complicated skin and soft tissue infections. [2000.12]
This randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial compared the efficacy and safety of linezolid, an oxazolidinone, with those of oxacillin-dicloxacillin in patients with complicated skin and soft tissue infections. A total of 826 hospitalized adult patients were randomized to receive linezolid (600 mg intravenously [i.v.]) every 12 h or oxacillin (2 g i.v.) every 6 h; following sufficient clinical improvement, patients were switched to the respective oral agents (linezolid [600 mg orally] every 12 h or dicloxacillin [500 mg orally] every 6 hours)...

Dicloxacillin and flucloxacillin: pharmacokinetics, protein binding and serum bactericidal titers in healthy subjects after oral administration. [1995.03]
The pharmacokinetics of dicloxacillin and flucloxacillin were studied in 12 healthy volunteers after oral administration... In conclusion, dicloxacillin and flucloxacillin showed similar pharmacokinetic behavior after 0.75 g doses in human volunteers.

Should probenecid be used to reduce the dicloxacillin dosage in orthopaedic infections? A study of the dicloxacillin-saving effect of probenecid. [1994.03]
Reduction in the dosage of dicloxacillin from 500 mg to 250 mg 3 times a day would mean lowering of costs and less side-effects in orthopaedic infections. In this cross-over study, the serum concentrations of dicloxacillin were measured in 9 patients after administration of dicloxacillin 500 mg 3 times a day (dicloxacillin 500 mg) and after co-administration of 250 mg dicloxacillin and 250 mg probenecid 3 times per day (dicloxacillin 250 mg+probenecid 250 mg)...

A comparative study of the efficacy, safety and tolerance of azithromycin, dicloxacillin and flucloxacillin in the treatment of children with acute skin and skin-structure infections. [1993.06]
An open, randomized, multicentre study was undertaken to compare a three-day regimen of azithromycin with a seven-day course of dicloxacillin or flucloxacillin in the treatment of 118 children (aged 2-12 years) with clinically diagnosed acute skin and skin-structure infections... The results of this study suggest that azithromycin is as effective and as well tolerated as a cloxacillin ester antibiotic in the treatment of children with acute skin and skin-structure infections.

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Clinical Trials Related to Dicloxacillin

Study of New Antibiotic Regimen for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Cellulitis in Emergency Department Patients [Recruiting]
The primary aim of this study is to quantify the effectiveness of Bactrim as additional therapy for the treatment of uncomplicated cellulitis in adults, by comparing: standard therapy plus Bactrim, versus standard therapy plus placebo.

The primary hypothesis of this study is that, in light of increasing CA-MRSA prevalence, subjects treated with standard therapy plus Bactrim will have higher cure rates than those treated with standard therapy plus placebo.

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Reports of Suspected Dicloxacillin Side Effects

Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis (4)Skin Discolouration (2)Blister (2)Rash (2)Drug Ineffective (1)Pain (1)Wound Infection Staphylococcal (1)Abdominal Discomfort (1)Arthropathy (1)Blood Creatinine Increased (1)more >>


Page last updated: 2007-10-18

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