DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Desmopressin (Desmopressin Acetate) - Summary

 
 



DESMOPRESSIN SUMMARY

Desmopressin
Acetate
Injection

DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE Injection 4 µg/mL is a synthetic analogue of the natural pituitary hormone 8-arginine vasopressin (ADH), an antidiuretic hormone affecting renal water conservation.

Hemophilia A: DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE Injection 4 µg/mL is indicated for patients with hemophilia A with factor VIII coagulant activity levels greater than 5%.

DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE will often maintain hemostasis in patients with hemophilia A during surgical procedures and postoperatively when administered 30 minutes prior to scheduled procedure.

DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE will also stop bleeding in hemophilia A patients with episodes of spontaneous or trauma-induced injuries such as hemarthroses, intramuscular hematomas or mucosal bleeding.

DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE is not indicated for the treatment of hemophilia A with factor VIII coagulant activity levels equal to or less than 5%, or for the treatment of hemophilia B, or in patients who have factor VIII antibodies.

In certain clinical situations, it may be justified to try DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE in patients with factor VIII levels between 2% to 5%; however, these patients should be carefully monitored.

von Willebrand's Disease (Type I): DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE Injection 4 µg/mL is indicated for patients with mild to moderate classic von Willebrand's disease (Type I) with factor VIII levels greater than 5%. DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE will often maintain hemostasis in patients with mild to moderate von Willebrand's disease during surgical procedures and postoperatively when administered 30 minutes prior to the scheduled procedure.

DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE will usually stop bleeding in mild to moderate von Willebrand's patients with episodes of spontaneous or trauma-induced injuries such as hemarthroses, intramuscular hematomas or mucosal bleeding.

Those von Willebrand's disease patients who are least likely to respond are those with severe homozygous von Willebrand's disease with factor VIII coagulant activity and factor VIII von Willebrand factor antigen levels less than 1%. Other patients may respond in a variable fashion depending on the type of molecular defect they have. Bleeding time and factor VIII coagulant activity, ristocetin cofactor activity, and von Willebrand factor antigen should be checked during administration of DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE to ensure that adequate levels are being achieved.

DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE is not indicated for the treatment of severe classic von Willebrand's disease (Type I) and when there is evidence of an abnormal molecular form of factor VIII antigen. (See WARNINGS.)

Diabetes Insipidus: DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE Injection 4 µg/mL is indicated as antidiuretic replacement therapy in the management of central (cranial) diabetes insipidus and for the management of the temporary polyuria and polydipsia following head trauma or surgery in the pituitary region. DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE is ineffective for the treatment of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.

DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE is also available as an intranasal preparation. However, this means of delivery can be compromised by a variety of factors that can make nasal insufflation ineffective or inappropriate. These include poor intranasal absorption, nasal congestion and blockage, nasal discharge, atrophy of nasal mucosa, and severe atrophic rhinitis. Intranasal delivery may be inappropriate where there is an impaired level of consciousness. In addition, cranial surgical procedures, such as transsphenoidal hypophysectomy, create situations where an alternative route of administration is needed as in cases of nasal packing or recovery from surgery.


See all Desmopressin indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Desmopressin

Desmopressin and oxybutynin in monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and an assessment of predictive factors. [2012]
evaluated... CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight that anticholinergic agents may play an

Efficacy and safety of desmopressin for treatment of nocturia: a systematic review and meta-analysis of double-blinded trials. [2011.09.07]
PURPOSE: The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of desmopressin for the treatment of nocturia... CONCLUSIONS: Administered desmopressin was an effective and well-tolerated treatment for nocturia.

Desmopressin acetate in percutaneous ultrasound-guided kidney biopsy: a randomized controlled trial. [2011.06]
BACKGROUND: Bleeding complications occur in one-third of percutaneous kidney biopsies and increase costs of the hospital stay. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of prebiopsy administration of desmopressin acetate versus placebo in the incidence of postbiopsy bleeding complications... CONCLUSIONS: Prebiopsy desmopressin administration decreases the risk of bleeding and hematoma size in patients undergoing percutaneous kidney biopsy without a cost increase. Copyright (c) 2011 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Patients with severe aortic valve stenosis and impaired platelet function benefit from preoperative desmopressin infusion. [2011.05]
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe aortic valve stenosis have a markedly reduced platelet function as measured by a prolonged collagen adenosine diphosphate closure time (CADP-CT) determined by the platelet function analyzer PFA-100. We hypothesized that such patients may benefit from desmopressin when they present with prolonged CADP-CT due to the specific action of desmopressin on von Willebrand factor (VWF) and CADP-CT... CONCLUSIONS: Prolonged CADP-CT indicates platelet dysfunction in severe aortic valve stenosis, and can guide the use of desmopressin as an effective prohemostatic agent in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. Copyright (c) 2011 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Reducing nocturia in the elderly: a randomized placebo-controlled trial of staggered furosemide and desmopressin. [2011.03]
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate efficacy, safety, and impact on quality of sleep of staggered furosemide and desmopressin in the treatment of nocturia in the elderly... CONCLUSIONS: Staggered furosemide and desmopressin provide an effective and well-tolerated treatment for nocturia in the elderly. Copyright (c) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Desmopressin

Desmopressin Response in the Young [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to determine whether desmopressin administered as a melt tablet is effective in reducing the number of wet nights in children and adolescents who suffer from bedwetting.

Effect of Aspirin, Hemodilution and Desmopressin on Platelet Dysfunction [Not yet recruiting]
Study hypothesis: Desmopressin (DDAVP) can improve platelet function under influence of aspirin, hemodilution and mild hypothermia

Mild hypothermia (34-35oC) is known to cause platelet dysfunction. This could lead to increased surgical bleeding and increased transfusion requirement during surgery. Although this hypothermia-induced platelet dysfunction seems to be reversible with warming, this is not always possible or desirable.

Desmopressin (DDAVP) is a drug which has proven efficacy in improving platelet function in uraemic and cirrhosis patients, and in reducing blood loss in selected surgeries. In a recent study, we have found that subcutaneous injection of 1. 5 mcg (1/10th the usual dose) is already sufficient to fully reverse the platelet dysfunction seen at 32oC. We have demonstrated in another study that prolongation of the bleeding time in a 20% hemodiluted sample predicts increased postoperative bleeding after total knee replacement.

We have therefore designed this study as a follow up to our last two studies on DDAVP and hypothermia, to investigate whether hemodilution affects hypothermia induced platelet dysfunction and the response to DDAVP. In addition, another common cause of perioperative platelet dysfunction is the intake of COX inhibitors, particularly aspirin by patients. Therefor the effect of aspirin on hypothermia induced platelet dysfunction and the response to DDAVP, will also be investigated.

Influence of Food-intake on Desmopressin Oral Tablets and MELT-formulation [Not yet recruiting]
Alarm-treatment as well as Desmopressin, a synthetic analogue of human vasopressin, are considered the only evidence-based medicine (EBM) IA treatments in monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE). Desmopressin exists in three different formulations for ambulant use: nasal spray, tablet and lyophilisate (MELT) each with differences in bioavailability (spray 2%, tablet 0. 2%, MELT 0. 5%). There 's insufficient evidence to confirm the actually used bioequivalent doses ( 10g spray = 120g MELT= 0. 2mg tablet).

Although so frequently used, very few pharmacokinetic and - dynamic data on desmopressin are

available for children.

Due to prolonged half life, associated with waterintoxication,the nasal spray has a black box warning from the FDA and is no longer recommended . For some authors oral formulations appear to be a safer alternative. However, based on clinical experience of less response rate with oral formulations, lower biodisponibility is suspected. Adult research confirms low bioavailability of tablets but also show major influences by food-intake and changes in gastro-intestinal motility.

To achieve maximum efficacy, recommendations are to take desmopressin tablet 1 hour before bedtime and 2 hours after meal: this is unrealistic in schoolaged children since there never is 3 hours between evening meal and bedtime.

In 2005 a dose response study demonstrated superior pharmaco-kinetic and dynamic properties for desmopressin Lyophilisate MELT formula.

Since these results implicate superior action of MELT, often a change to MELT is recommended if there is a suboptimal response with tablet: sublingual absorption would eliminate the influence of food-intake.

However, for this statement there's no evidence, since these tests were all conducted in children in fasting condition. Only one clinical study demonstrates bioequivalence for MELT and tablet.

Hypothesis is that desmopressin MELT formulation has a better bioavailability when administered together with meal due to its sublingual absorption.

Analgesic Efficacy of Intranasal Desmopressin in Acute Renal Colic [Recruiting]
In this study we will compare pain intensity and side effects at different time points after the intranasal administration of desmopressin or placebo in patients with acute renal colic pain.

Clinical Trial of Desmopressin on Nocturia in Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Patients [Recruiting]
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of desmopressin on symptoms of nocturia in patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA). The improvement of sleep quality and the quality of life will be measured.

more trials >>


PATIENT REVIEWS / RATINGS / COMMENTS

Based on a total of 1 ratings/reviews, Desmopressin has an overall score of 9. The effectiveness score is 10 and the side effect score is 8. The scores are on ten point scale: 10 - best, 1 - worst.
 

Desmopressin review by care giver of 16 year old male patient

  Rating
Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Highly Effective
Side effects:   Mild Side Effects
  
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   weak bladder wet bed
Dosage & duration:   1 dose daily before bed - each nostril (dosage frequency: once a day) for the period of 2 years
Other conditions:   /
Other drugs taken:   /
  
Reported Results
Benefits:   gave son the confidence to go to sleep as he had been staying awake - worried to sleep for fear of wetting the bed, proved to son not his fault as he blamed himself, helped with washing of bedding every day - stress. Gave son the confidence to sleep at other venues loke friends houses, he would never have done that
Side effects:   son put on weight, the dr said this was not linked but when son stopped the medication he lost weight
Comments:   Nasil spray one spray and inhail before bed time- combined with reduced drinks especially caffine before bed time. This was nightly and each canister lasted about two months

See all Desmopressin reviews / ratings >>

Page last updated: 2013-02-10

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2012