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Demeclocycline (Demeclocycline Hydrochloride) - Summary



Demeclocycline hydrochloride is an antibiotic isolated from a mutant strain of Streptomyces aureofaciens.

Demeclocycline hydrochloride is indicated in the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions below:

Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever, rickettsialpox, and tick fevers caused by rickettsiae;

Respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Lymphogranuloma venereum due to Chlamydia trachomatis

Psittacosis (Ornithosis) due to Chlamydia psittaci

Trachoma due to Chlamydia trachomatis, although the infectious agent is not always eliminated as judged by immunofluorescence

Inclusion conjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis

Nongonococcal urethritis in adults caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum or Chlamydia trachomatis

Relapsing fever due to Borrelia recurrentis

Chancroid caused by Haemophilus ducreyi

Plague due to Yersinia pestis

Tularemia due to Francisella tularensis

Cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae

Campylobacter fetus infections caused by Campylobacter fetus

Brucellosis due to Brucella species (in conjunction with streptomycin)

Bartonellosis due to Bartonella bacilliformis

Granuloma inguinale caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis

Demeclocycline hydrochloride is indicated for treatment of infections by the following gram-negative microorganisms, when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug

Escherichia coli

Enterobacter aerogenes

Shigella species

Acinetobacter species

Respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae

Respiratory tract and urinary tract infections caused by Klebsiella species.

Demeclocycline hydrochloride is indicated for treatment of infections caused by the following gram-positive microorganisms, when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug:

Upper respiratory infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae

Skin and skin structure infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus. (Note: Tetracyclines, including demeclocycline, are not the drugs of choice in the treatment of any type of staphylococcal infection.)

When penicillin is contraindicated, tetracyclines, including demeclocycline hydrochloride, are alternative drugs in the treatment of the following infections

Uncomplicated urethritis in men due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and for the treatment of other uncomplicated gonococcal infections

Infections in women caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum

Yaws caused by Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue

Listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes

Anthrax due to Bacillus anthracis

Vincent's infection caused by Fusobacterium fusiforme

Actinomycosis caused by Actinomyces israelii

Clostridial diseases caused by Clostridium species.

In acute intestinal amebiasis, demeclocycline hydrochloride may be a useful adjunct to amebicides.

In severe acne, demeclocycline hydrochloride may be a useful adjunctive therapy.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of demeclocycline hydrochloride tablets and other antibacterial drugs, demeclocycline hydrochloride tablets should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

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Clinical Trials Related to Demeclocycline

S0307A, Long-Term Bone Quality in Women With Breast Cancer Enrolled on Clinical Trial SWOG-S0307 [Withdrawn]
RATIONALE: Gathering information over time from imaging and laboratory tests of women receiving bisphosphonates for breast cancer may help doctors learn more about long-term bone quality and plan the best treatment. Tetracycline hydrochloride and demeclocycline hydrochloride can mark the new growth of the bone, so it may be seen better under a microscope. PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying long-term bone quality in women with breast cancer enrolled on clinical trial SWOG-S0307.

Patients Response to Early Switch To Oral:Osteomyelitis Study [Not yet recruiting]
Based on the current literature, investigators hypothesize that patients with osteomyelitis who are treated with the standard approach of intravenous antibiotics for the full duration of therapy will have the same clinical outcomes as patients treated with the experimental approach of intravenous antibiotics with early switch to oral antibiotics. The primary objective of this study is to compare patients with osteomyelitis treated with the standard approach of intravenous antibiotics for the full duration of therapy versus patients treated with intravenous antibiotics with an early switch to oral antibiotics in relation to clinical outcomes at 12 months after discontinuation of antibiotic therapy. Secondary objectives of the study include the evaluation of adverse events related to the use of antibiotics as well as the cost of care evaluated from the hospital perspective.

The Impact of Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) on Craniofacial Osseous Regeneration in Bone [Terminated]
Good bone healing and bone build-up are necessary for the success of dental implants. Research in animals and humans has shown that a drug, called Forteo, can increase bone build-up and bone strength over time. Forteo has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in patients with a condition where bone is broken down and weakened, called osteoporosis. The investigators do not know, however, whether Forteo is effective for use in humans for improving bone healing after implant placement, and whether it will have the same bone-building and bone-strengthening effects as for patients with osteoporosis. This research study is being done to learn what effect 7 weeks of treatment with Forteo will have on bone build-up and strengthening of bone for patients receiving implants.

Effects of Teriparatide or Denosumab on Bone in Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to determine how teriparatide or denosumab affects the bone of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis after 3 months of treatment, as determined by a bone biopsy sample taken from the iliac crest (upper part of the pelvis).

more trials >>

Page last updated: 2014-11-11

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