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Curosurf (Poractant Alfa) - Summary



(poractant alfa)
Intratracheal Suspension

CUROSURF® (poractant alfa) Intratracheal Suspension is a sterile, non-pyrogenic pulmonary surfactant intended for intratracheal use only.

CUROSURF is indicated for the treatment (rescue) of Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) in premature infants. CUROSURF reduces mortality and pneumothoraces associated with RDS.

See all Curosurf indications & dosage >>


Media Articles Related to Curosurf (Poractant Alfa)

ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome)
Source: MedicineNet ICU Psychosis Specialty [2012.01.20]
Title: ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome)
Category: Diseases and Conditions
Created: 3/12/2007 12:00:00 AM
Last Editorial Review: 1/20/2012 12:00:00 AM

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Published Studies Related to Curosurf (Poractant Alfa)

A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Poractant Alfa versus Beractant in the Treatment of Preterm Infants with Respiratory Distress Syndrome. [2011.11.21]
We prospectively evaluated the differences in clinical responses and short-term outcomes in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) treated with poractant alfa or beractant. Premature infants with RDS were randomized to poractant alfa or beractant treatment between July 2008 and June 2009...

Poractant alfa and beractant treatment of very premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome. [2010.10]
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of the differences between availability of animal-derived surfactant preparations used to treat premature infants is incomplete. The objective of this study was to assess the short-term treatment efficacy of the two most commonly used surfactant preparations in the United States, beractant (100 mg kg(-1) initial and subsequent doses) and poractant alfa (200 mg kg(-1) initial and 100 mg kg(-1) subsequent doses), in very premature, mechanically ventilated infants <30 weeks gestation with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)... CONCLUSION: This study suggests significant short-term benefits to the use of the larger initial dose of poractant alfa than beractant in very premature infants with RDS. Further studies involving a larger number of preterm infants are needed to assess long-term effects.

A randomized trial comparing beractant and poractant treatment in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. [2005.06]
AIM: To compare the effects of beractant and poractant in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)... CONCLUSIONS: Infants with RDS treated with poractant had a lower FiO2 requirement during the first 48 h compared to infants who received beractant. Infants who received poractant also had fewer PDAs than infants who received beractant. The difference in FiO2 was not associated with a difference in age of first extubation, total intubation time, or incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia between groups.

A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial of lucinactant versus poractant alfa among very premature infants at high risk for respiratory distress syndrome. [2005.04]
BACKGROUND: Available therapeutic surfactants are either animal-derived or non-protein-containing synthetic products. Animal-derived surfactants contain variable amounts of surfactant apoproteins, whereas the older-generation synthetic products contain only phospholipids and lack surfactant proteins (SPs). Both decrease morbidity and mortality rates associated with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) among preterm infants, compared with placebo. However, excess mortality rates have been observed with non-protein-containing synthetic surfactants, compared with the animal-derived products. Evidence suggests that synthetic surfactants consisting solely of phospholipids can be improved with the addition of peptides that are functional analogs of SPs. Lucinactant is a new synthetic peptide-containing surfactant that contains sinapultide, a novel, 21-amino acid peptide (leucine and lysine repeating units, KL4 peptide) designed to mimic human SP-B. It is completely devoid of animal-derived components. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that the outcomes for premature infants treated with lucinactant and poractant alfa would be similar. Therefore, we compared lucinactant (Surfaxin; Discovery Laboratories, Doylestown, PA) with porcine-derived, poractant alfa (Curosurf; Chiesi Farmaceutici, Parma, Italy) in a trial to test for noninferiority... CONCLUSIONS: Lucinactant and poractant alfa were similar in terms of efficacy and safety when used for the prevention and treatment of RDS among preterm infants. The ability to enhance the performance of a synthetic surfactant with the addition of a peptide that mimics the action of SP-B, such as sinapultide, brings potential advantages to exogenous surfactant therapy.

A randomized, multicenter masked comparison trial of poractant alfa (Curosurf) versus beractant (Survanta) in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants. [2004.04]
We compared the onset of clinical response and safety of two surfactants, poractant alfa (Curosurf, Chiesi Pharmaceuticals, Parma, Italy) and beractant (Survanta, Ross Laboratories, Columbus, OH), for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants weighing 750 to 1750 g at birth and <35 weeks gestation...

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Clinical Trials Related to Curosurf (Poractant Alfa)

Curosurf and Survanta Treatment(CAST)of RDS in Very Premature Infants [Recruiting]
Approval of surfactant by the FDA in 1989 for the treatment of Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) in premature infants greatly improved survival rates. Newer surfactants approved by the FDA were more concentrated and had a more rapid onset of action. The overall efficacy of newer surfactants appeared similar until in 2004, Ramanathan and colleagues suggested that a double dose of Curosurf improved survival in infants 25-32 weeks gestational age, compared to infants treated with Survanta, the most commonly used surfactant preparation in the United States. While the data was suggestive, it was not clear that the improvement in survival was reproducible or that Curosurf was responsible for the improved survival rates.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Curosurf in improving lung function and survival rates and reducing the complications of prematurity in very premature infants < 30 weeks gestational age at birth.

Efficacy of Combining Prophylactic Curosurf With Early Nasal CPAP in Delivery Room: the Curpap Study [Recruiting]
The primary objective of this study is to compare two methods of post-delivery stabilization and subsequent early respiratory care for reducing the need for MV and related secondary complications, such as BPD, in premature babies at high risk of RDS:

1. Early stabilization on nCPAP

2. Intubation, prophylactic surfactant (Curosurf®) administration shortly after delivery, and rapid extubation to nCPAP.

The data obtained from this comparison will be applied to test the hypothesis that preterm neonates at risk of RDS who are treated with prophylactic surfactant + nCPAP show less need for MV when compared to infants who receive nCPAP alone.

Observational Study on the Prophylactic Use of Curosurf in Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) [Recruiting]
The aim of Alizé is to describe a population of premature babies (gestational age, birth clinical characteristics and particularly the respiratory function) with a gestational age (GA) < 32 weeks in real life, under a treatment with prophylactic Curosurf.

Surfactant Application During Spontaneous Breathing With Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) in Premature Infants < 27 Weeks [Recruiting]
This study investigates the efficacy of surfactant application during spontaneous breathing with CPAP in avoiding death and chronic lung disease (CLD) in very immature infants with a gestational age of less than 27 weeks.

Exogenous Surfactant in Very Preterm Neonates in Prevention of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia [Recruiting]
Advances in perinatal care have made it possible to improve the survival of the most immature neonates, but at the cost of an increase in the population at risk of developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Measures that have attempted to limit the development of BPD are not always effective, or related to major side effects. The physiopathological factors that are identified in BPD should, in theory, respond to surfactant. Therefore, the use of an exogenous surfactant in neonates presenting with pulmonary disease requiring mechanical ventilation, leading to a significant risk of BPD, should allow earlier extubation and thus promote pulmonary healing and growth.

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Reports of Suspected Curosurf (Poractant Alfa) Side Effects

C-Reactive Protein Increased (4)Pulmonary Haemorrhage (4)Drug Ineffective (3)Oxygen Saturation Decreased (3)Shock (3)Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (2)Expired Drug Administered (2)Pallor (2)Thrombocytopenia (2)Product Quality Issue (2)more >>

Page last updated: 2012-01-20

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