COMVAX [Haemophilus b Conjugate (Meningococcal Protein Conjugate) and Hepatitis B (Recombinant) Vaccine] is a sterile bivalent vaccine made of the antigenic components used in producing PedvaxHIB * [Haemophilus b Conjugate Vaccine (Meningococcal Protein Conjugate)] and RECOMBIVAX HB * [Hepatitis B Vaccine (Recombinant)]. These components are the
type b capsular polysaccharide [polyribosylribitol phosphate (PRP)] that is covalently bound to an outer membrane protein complex (OMPC) of
and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) from recombinant yeast cultures.
COMVAX is indicated for vaccination against invasive disease caused by
type b and against infection caused by all known subtypes of hepatitis B virus in infants 6 weeks to 15 months of age born of HBsAg negative mothers.
Infants born to HBsAg positive mothers should receive Hepatitis B Immune Globulin and Hepatitis B Vaccine (Recombinant) at birth and should complete the hepatitis B vaccination series given according to a particular schedule (see manufacturer's circular for Hepatitis B Vaccine [Recombinant]).
Infants born to mothers of unknown HBsAg status should receive Hepatitis B Vaccine (Recombinant) at birth and should complete the hepatitis B vaccination series given according to a particular schedule (see manufacturer's circular for Hepatitis B Vaccine [Recombinant]).
Vaccination with COMVAX should ideally begin at approximately 2 months of age or as soon thereafter as possible. In order to complete the three-dose regimen of COMVAX, vaccination should be initiated no later than 10 months of age. Infants in whom vaccination with a PRP-OMPC-containing product (i.e., PedvaxHIB, COMVAX) is not initiated until 11 months of age do not require three doses of PRP-OMPC; however, three doses of an HBsAg-containing product are required for complete vaccination against hepatitis B, regardless of age. For infants and children not vaccinated according to the recommended schedule see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.
COMVAX will not protect against invasive disease caused by
other than type b or against invasive disease (such as meningitis or sepsis) caused by other microorganisms. COMVAX will not prevent hepatitis caused by other viruses known to infect the liver. Because of the long incubation period for hepatitis B, it is possible for unrecognized infection to be present at the time the vaccine is given. The vaccine may not prevent hepatitis B in such patients.
As with other vaccines, COMVAX may not induce protective antibody levels immediately following vaccination and may not result in a protective antibody response in all individuals given the vaccine.
Use With Other Vaccines
Immunogenicity results from open-labeled studies indicate that COMVAX can be administered concomitantly with DTP, DTaP, OPV, IPV, M-M-R II, and VARIVAX using separate sites and syringes for injectable vaccines (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY).
Published Studies Related to Comvax (Haemophilus b Conjugate / Hepatitis B Vaccine)
Safety and immunogenicity of a measles, mumps, rubella and varicella vaccine given with combined Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate/hepatitis B vaccines and combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccines. [2006.04]
BACKGROUND: A study was conducted to assess administration of a combination measles, mumps, rubella and varicella vaccine (MMRV) with other childhood vaccines... CONCLUSIONS: The immunogenicity data support concomitant administration of MMRV with Hib/HepB. Limited data from an exploratory analysis indicate that MMRV can be administered concomitantly with DTaP. Concomitant administration of MMRV, Hib/HepB and DTaP is well-tolerated.
Safety and immunogenicity of a pentavalent combination vaccine (diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, polio, and haemophilus influenzae type B conjugate) when administered as a fourth dose at 15 to 18 months of age. [2005.09]
A DTaP-IPV//PRP-T combination vaccine (Pentacel) has been universally used in Canada to provide immunization against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, and Haemophilus influenzae type b with single injections at 2, 4, 6 and 18 months of age. This randomized, multicenter study was conducted to evaluate administration of a fourth dose of DTaP-IPV//PRP-T at 15 to 18 months of age, similar to the US immunization schedule...
Concomitant administration of a bivalent Haemophilus influenzae type b-hepatitis B vaccine, measles-mumps-rubella vaccine and varicella vaccine: safety, tolerability and immunogenicity. [2004.03]
BACKGROUND: The study was done to verify that concomitant administration of a bivalent Haemophilus influenzae type b-hepatitis B vaccine (Comvax), measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (M-M-RII) and varicella vaccine (Varivax) would be well-tolerated and suitably immunogenic with respect to all vaccine antigens... CONCLUSION: Concomitant administration of Comvax, M-M-RII and VARIVAX at the 12- or 15-month clinic visit is one satisfactory way of delivering some of the multiple vaccines indicated during the second year of life.
Post-licensure comparative study of unusual high-pitched crying and prolonged crying following COMVAX and placebo versus PedvaxHIB and RECOMBIVAX HB in healthy infants. [2002.12.13]
BACKGROUND: In a previous clinical trial comparing COMVAX with its monovalent components, PedvaxHIB and RECOMBIVAX HB, one of 92 comparisons of post-vaccination adverse experiences revealed a higher rate of unusual, high-pitched crying following the second, but not the first or third doses of COMVAX compared with two monovalent control vaccines. Rates of prolonged crying were similar between groups at each visit. OBJECTIVES: To compare the frequencies of unusual, high-pitched crying between recipients of COMVAX plus placebo and recipients of PedvaxHIB plus RECOMBIVAX HB following the second vaccine doses (primary) and to summarize the frequency of unusual, high-pitched crying and prolonged crying after each vaccination visit... CONCLUSION: This study found no statistically significant differences in rates of unusual, high-pitched crying and prolonged crying in infants vaccinated with COMVAX plus placebo compared with infants vaccinated with its monovalent components, PedvaxHIB and RECOMBIVAX HB.
Antibody responses of healthy infants to concurrent administration of a bivalent haemophilus influenzae type b-hepatitis B vaccine with diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis, polio and measles-mumps-rubella vaccines. 
OBJECTIVE: To confirm that children given a bivalent Haemophilus influenzae type b-hepatitis B vaccine (bivalent Hib-HB vaccine; COMVAX) concurrently with priming doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine (DTP), a booster dose of diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP), inactivated or oral polio vaccine (IPV or OPV) and measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (M-M-R(II)) have satisfactory antibody responses to all antigens... CONCLUSION: Concurrent administration of bivalent Hib-HB vaccine with priming doses of DTP, a booster dose of DTaP, OPV, IPV, or M-M-R(II) was well tolerated and, with the possible exception of rubella, did not substantially impair the antibody response to any antigen.
Clinical Trials Related to Comvax (Haemophilus b Conjugate / Hepatitis B Vaccine)
Surveillance Program to Determine Product Specific Rates of Invasive Hib Disease [Recruiting]
To monitor the occurrence of invasive Hib disease over time and to determine
product-specific rates of invasive Hib disease within the monitored population.
Page last updated: 2006-11-04