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Clindamax (Clindamycin Phosphate Vaginal) - Summary

 
 



CLINDAMAX SUMMARY

CLINDAMAX® VAGINAL CREAM
(clindamycin phosphate vaginal cream USP, 2%)
equivalent to 2% clindamycin

Clindamycin phosphate is a water soluble ester of the semi-synthetic antibiotic produced by a 7(S)-chloro-substitution of the 7(R)-hydroxyl group of the parent antibiotic lincomycin.

ClindaMax® Vaginal Cream, is indicated in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis (formerly referred to as Haemophilus vaginitis, Gardnerella vaginitis, nonspecific vaginitis, Corynebacterium vaginitis, or anaerobic vaginosis). ClindaMax® Vaginal Cream, can be used to treat non-pregnant women and pregnant women during the second and third trimester. (See CLINICAL STUDIES.)

NOTE: For purposes of this indication, a clinical diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis is usually defined by the presence of a homogeneous vaginal discharge that (a) has a pH of greater than 4.5, (b) emits a "fishy" amine odor when mixed with a 10% KOH solution, and (c) contains clue cells on microscopic examination. Gram's stain results consistent with a diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis include (a) markedly reduced or absent Lactobacillus morphology, (b) predominance of Gardnerella morphotype, and (c) absent or few white blood cells.

Other pathogens commonly associated with vulvovaginitis, e.g., Trichomonas vaginalis, Chlamydia trachomatis, N. gonorrhoeae, Candida albicans, and Herpes simplex virus should be ruled out.


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NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Clindamax (Clindamycin Vaginal)

[Evaluation of efficacy of ketoconazole 800 mg-clindamycin 100 mg tablets vaginal against ketoconazole 800 mg- clindamycin 100 mg vaginal capsules in candida vaginitis and vaginosis]. [2011.02]
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of vaginitis/vaginosis with vaginal tablets is clinically better than vaginal soft gelatin capsules both treatments were well tolerated.

Human lactobacilli as supplementation of clindamycin to patients with bacterial vaginosis reduce the recurrence rate; a 6-month, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. [2008.01.15]
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of this study was to investigate if supplementary lactobacilli treatment could improve the initial cure rate after vaginal clindamycin therapy, and secondly, if lactobacilli as repeated adjunct treatment during 3 menstrual cycles could lengthen the time to relapse after initial cure... CONCLUSION: The study shows that supplementary treatment combining two different strains of probiotic lactobacilli does not improve the efficacy of BV therapy during the first month of treatment, but for women initially cured, adjunct treatment of lactobacilli during 3 menstrual cycles lengthens the time to relapse significantly in that more women remained BV free at the end of the 6-month follow up. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN62879834.

The efficacy and safety of a single dose of polyhexamethylene biguanide gynaecologic solution versus a seven-dose regimen of vaginal clindamycin cream in patients with bacterial vaginosis. [2008.01]
OBJECTIVE: At the present the clinical treatment of choice of bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the use of systemic or local metronidazole or clindamycin. Aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of a single dose of gynaecologic solution, Polyhexamethylene Biguanide (PHMB), Monogin, in the treatment of BV in comparison to a 7-days treatment with clindamycin vaginal cream... CONCLUSIONS: A single dose, of PHMB gynaecologic solution (Monogin) is equivalent in safety and efficacy to a 7-dose regimen of Clindamycin vaginal cream in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis. Futhermore the compliance as been reported to be higher for the single-dose treatment with PHMB than with 7-days treatment with Clindamycin.

The effects of intravaginal clindamycin and metronidazole therapy on vaginal mobiluncus morphotypes in patients with bacterial vaginosis. [2007.04]
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the effects of treatments for bacterial vaginosis (BV) on vaginal Mobiluncus morphotypes... CONCLUSION: Clindamycin reduces vaginal Mobiluncus morphotypes to a greater extent than metronidazole in patients with BV; this correlates with a higher BV cure rate.

Late miscarriage and preterm birth after treatment with clindamycin: a randomised consent design study according to Zelen. [2006.06]
OBJECTIVE: To screen for bacterial vaginosis (BV) and to investigate the effect of treatment with vaginal clindamycin in order to observe the effect on late miscarriage and delivery prior to 37 completed weeks (primary outcome). DESIGN: Randomised consent design for clinical trials according to Zelen. SETTING: Southeast region of Sweden. POPULATION: A total of 9025 women were screened in early pregnancy... CONCLUSIONS: Clindamycin vaginal cream therapy was associated with significantly prolonged gestation and reduced cost of neonatal care in women with BV. Early screening for BV and treatment with clindamycin saved approximately 27 euro per woman.

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Clinical Trials Related to Clindamax (Clindamycin Vaginal)

A Study Comparing Combination Clindamycin Phosphate/Tretinoin Gel Alone Versus With Benzoyl Peroxide Foaming Cloths for Facial Acne [Recruiting]
There are many different factors that cause acne. So combination treatment using different medications that can address these different factors is commonly used to treat acne. Fixed-dose combination clindamycin phosphate 1. 2% and tretinoin 0. 025% gel and benzoyl peroxide 6% foaming cloths are both used to treat acne. This study will evaluate the use of the medications when used together.

Dalacin-T Gel Post Approval Study [Completed]

Evaluation of Fosmidomycin and Clindamycin in the Treatment of Acute Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria [Not yet recruiting]
Few efficient drugs for malaria treatment are available so far. Due to increased exposure of these drugs and due to the high risk of development of drug resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum, new drug combinations have to be actively investigated. The investigators will test the efficiency, safety and tolerance of combined fosmidomycin and clindamycin treatment in acute uncomplicated malaria in children aged 3-10 years.

Fosmidomycin With Clindamycin or With Clindamycin Plus Artesunate [Not yet recruiting]
The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of clindamycin and artesunate as possible combination partners for fosmidomycin to protect it from its susceptibility to recrudescent infections when used as monotherapy for acute Plasmodium falciparum malaria while retaining its excellent safety profile

A Pilot Study of Oral Clindamycin and Pyrimethamine for the Treatment of Toxoplasmic Encephalitis in Patients With AIDS [Completed]
To collect information on the effectiveness and toxicity of clindamycin plus pyrimethamine and leucovorin calcium for the treatment of acute toxoplasmic encephalitis in adult patients with AIDS. Toxoplasmic encephalitis (encephalitis caused by Toxoplasma gondii) is the most frequent cause of focal central nervous system infection in patients with AIDS. If untreated, the encephalitis is fatal. At present, it is standard practice to give a combination of pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine to treat toxoplasmic encephalitis. The high frequency of sulfonamide-induced toxicity in AIDS patients often makes completion of a full course of therapy difficult. There is some information that high doses of parenteral (such as by injection) clindamycin used with pyrimethamine may be as effective as pyrimethamine plus sulfadiazine in the management of the acute phase of toxoplasmic encephalitis in patients with AIDS. Administration of parenteral clindamycin for prolonged periods of time, however, is costly, requires hospitalization, and is inconvenient for the patient. There is some indication that treatment of AIDS patients with acute toxoplasmic encephalitis with oral clindamycin may be effective. Leucovorin calcium is useful in preventing pyrimethamine-associated bone marrow toxicity.

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Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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