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Ceftin (Cefuroxime Axetil) - Summary

 
 



CEFTIN SUMMARY

Absorption and Metabolism

CEFTIN Tablets and CEFTIN for Oral Suspension contain cefuroxime as cefuroxime axetil. CEFTIN is a semisynthetic, broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic for oral administration.

NOTE: CEFTIN TABLETS AND CEFTIN FOR ORAL SUSPENSION ARE NOT BIOEQUIVALENT AND ARE NOT SUBSTITUTABLE ON A MILLIGRAM-PER-MILLIGRAM BASIS (CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY).

CEFTIN Tablets: CEFTIN Tablets are indicated for the treatment of patients with mild to moderate infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions listed below:

  1. Pharyngitis/Tonsillitis caused by Streptococcus pyogenes.
    NOTE: The usual drug of choice in the treatment and prevention of streptococcal infections, including the prophylaxis of rheumatic fever, is penicillin given by the intramuscular route. CEFTIN Tablets are generally effective in the eradication of streptococci from the nasopharynx; however, substantial data establishing the efficacy of cefuroxime in the subsequent prevention of rheumatic fever are not available. Please also note that in all clinical trials, all isolates had to be sensitive to both penicillin and cefuroxime. There are no data from adequate and well-controlled trials to demonstrate the effectiveness of cefuroxime in the treatment of penicillin-resistant strains of Streptococcus pyogenes.
  2. Acute Bacterial Otitis Media caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae (including beta-lactamase-producing strains), Moraxella catarrhalis (including beta-lactamase-producing strains), or Streptococcus pyogenes.
  3. Acute Bacterial Maxillary Sinusitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae or Haemophilus influenzae (non-beta-lactamase-producing strains only). (See CLINICAL STUDIES section.)
    NOTE: In view of the insufficient numbers of isolates of beta-lactamase-producing strains of Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis that were obtained from clinical trials with CEFTIN Tablets for patients with acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis, it was not possible to adequately evaluate the effectiveness of CEFTIN Tablets for sinus infections known, suspected, or considered potentially to be caused by beta-lactamase-producing Haemophilus influenzae or Moraxella catarrhalis.
  4. Acute Bacterial Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis and Secondary Bacterial Infections of Acute Bronchitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae (beta-lactamase negative strains), or Haemophilus parainfluenzae (beta-lactamase negative strains). (See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION section and CLINICAL STUDIES section.)
  5. Uncomplicated Skin and Skin-Structure Infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus (including beta-lactamase-producing strains) or Streptococcus pyogenes.
  6. Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections caused by Escherichia coli or Klebsiella pneumoniae.
  7. Uncomplicated Gonorrhea, urethral and endocervical, caused by penicillinase-producing and non-penicillinase-producing strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and uncomplicated gonorrhea, rectal, in females, caused by non-penicillinase-producing strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
  8. Early Lyme Disease (erythema migrans) caused by Borrelia burgdorferi.

CEFTIN for Oral Suspension: CEFTIN for Oral Suspension is indicated for the treatment of pediatric patients 3 months to 12 years of age with mild to moderate infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions listed below. The safety and effectiveness of CEFTIN for Oral Suspension in the treatment of infections other than those specifically listed below have not been established either by adequate and well-controlled trials or by pharmacokinetic data with which to determine an effective and safe dosing regimen.

  1. Pharyngitis/Tonsillitis caused by Streptococcus pyogenes.
    NOTE: The usual drug of choice in the treatment and prevention of streptococcal infections, including the prophylaxis of rheumatic fever, is penicillin given by the intramuscular route. CEFTIN for Oral Suspension is generally effective in the eradication of streptococci from the nasopharynx; however, substantial data establishing the efficacy of cefuroxime in the subsequent prevention of rheumatic fever are not available. Please also note that in all clinical trials, all isolates had to be sensitive to both penicillin and cefuroxime. There are no data from adequate and well-controlled trials to demonstrate the effectiveness of cefuroxime in the treatment of penicillin-resistant strains of Streptococcus pyogenes.
  2. Acute Bacterial Otitis Media caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae (including beta-lactamase-producing strains), Moraxella catarrhalis (including beta-lactamase-producing strains), or Streptococcus pyogenes.
  3. Impetigo caused by Staphylococcus aureus (including beta-lactamase-producing strains) or Streptococcus pyogenes.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of CEFTIN and other antibacterial drugs, CEFTIN should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.


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NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Ceftin (Cefuroxime)

Neither moxifloxacin nor cefuroxime produces significant attenuation of inflammatory mediator release in patients exposed to cardiopulmonary bypass: a randomized controlled trial. [2011.10.03]
OBJECTIVES: (i) the inflammatory response to CPB may be different from that of infectious disease states that were used to establish the immunomodulatory effects of moxifloxacin; and (ii) a single intravenous dose, which was used in this investigation, may not lead to high enough plasma and intracellular concentrations..

Comparative bioavailability study of cefuroxime axetil (equivalent to 500 mg cefuroxime/tablet) tablets (Zednad(R) versus Zinnat(R)) in healthy male volunteers. [2011.09]
This study was performed to investigate the bioequivalence of cefuroxime axetil tablets between a generic test product (A) Zednad(R) Tablet (500 mg cefuroxime/ tablet, Diamond Pharma, Syria), and the Reference Product (B) Zinnat(R) Tablet (500 mg cefuroxime/tablet, GlaxoSmithKline, Saudi Arabia).Therefore, the two formulations were considered to be bioequivalent.

Cefuroxime as a prophylactic preoperative antibiotic in septoplasty. A double blind randomized placebo controlled study. [2011.03]
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic antibiotics are often used in septoplasty. However, the number of controlled studies, especially randomized double blind placebo controlled studies on the effect of antibiotics in septum surgery, is very low. The PURPOSE OF THE PRESENT STUDY was to investigate if intravenous cefuroxime given as preoperative antimicrobial prophylaxis 30 minutes prior to surgery diminishes the risk of infection after septoplasty during the first postoperative month among patients with normal immune function... CONCLUSIONS: We recommend the use of one dose of 1500 mg intravenous cefuroxime prior to septoplasty in patients having crusts or purulent secretion in the nasal cavities or if the operation is expected to be prolonged.

Ampicillin/sulbactam versus cefuroxime as antimicrobial prophylaxis for cesarean delivery: a randomized study. [2010.11.30]
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of a single dose of ampicillin/sulbactam compared to a single dose of cefuroxime at cord clamp for prevention of post-cesarean infectious morbidity has not been assessed... CONCLUSIONS: Ampicillin/sulbactam was as safe and effective as cefuroxime when administered for the prevention of infections following cesarean delivery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01138852.

Liquid chromatography/electrospray tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of cefuroxime in human plasma: application to a pharmacokinetic study. [2010.02.01]
A rapid, selective and sensitive high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method (LC-MS/MS) was developed and validated for the determination and pharmacokinetic investigation of cefuroxime in human plasma. Cefuroxime and the internal standard (IS), cefoxitin, were extracted from plasma samples using solid phase extraction with Oasis HLB cartridges...

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Clinical Trials Related to Ceftin (Cefuroxime)

An Open, Prospective, Randomized, Multicenter Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Intravenous Followed by Oral Azithromycin Versus Cefuroxime Alone or With Oral Erythromycin for the Treatment of Chinese Patients Who Were Hospitalized for Pneumonia [Completed]
To validate the efficacy and safety of azithromycin for the treatment of Chinese patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), compared with cefuroxime or the combination of cefuroxime plus oral erythromycin.

Pharmacokinetics of Small Spectrum Beta-lactam Antibiotics (Amoxicillin/Clavulanic Acid and Cefuroxime) in Patients on Intensive Care Units [Recruiting]
Adequate antibiotic therapy is very important in the treatment of infections. Spectrum and dosing of the antibiotics are two factors of the therapy: the spectrum of an antibiotic can't be changed, but the dosing scheme can be optimized. Recent studies proved that an optimized dosing scheme can improve the efficacy of the treatment. Broad-spectrum antibiotics have unpredictable pharmacokinetics in patients on intensive care units. This is due to the pathophysiologic processes in the patients on intensive care units: increased distribution volume, hypoproteinemia, organ failureā€¦ The investigators guess that similar processes influence the pharmacokinetics of small spectrum antibiotics (like amoxicillin and cefuroxime), but data lacks. Because the pharmacokinetics of broad spectrum antibiotics in seriously ill patients are better known, physicians are more confident prescribing these drugs. Studying the pharmacokinetic interactions of small spectrum antibiotics in seriously ill patients, can help to give the physician the confidence to prescribe these small-spectrum antibiotics.

In this study, the investigators will study the pharmacokinetics of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and cefuroxime, in 60 patients on intensive care. 8 blood samples will be drawn via a central catheter on different moments after one administration of the antibiotic in the steady state phase. All the patients are prescribed the antibiotics for the treatment of their infections: they get the antibiotic therapy anyway. By measuring the concentrations on different moments after one administration, the investigators can reconstruct the pharmacokinetic function.

Study of the Efficacy of Preoperative Cefuroxime Prophylaxis to Prevent Surgical Site Infection in Herniated Disk Surgery [Completed]
The purpose of the study is to determine whether a single, pre-operative dose of cefuroxime is effective in preventing surgical site infection in patients undergoing surgery for herniated disk

Comparative Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Telithromycin Given Once Daily Versus Cefuroxime Axetil Given Twice Daily in Children With Middle Ear Infections [Terminated]
The clinical activity of telithromycin vs. cefuroxime in children with acute infections of the middle ear, ages 6 months to 59 months old will be studied.

Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Total Knee Prosthesis [Recruiting]
Knee prosthesis infection is a severe complication. The use of a tourniquet during surgery impairs the efficacy of the antibiotic prophylaxis. We hypothesize that the antibiotic administration before tourniquet release decrease the infection rate. Methods: patients who undergo a total knee arthroplasty will be randomized to receive one of the following regimens of antibiotic prophylaxis: Standard: cefuroxime 1. 5 g i. v. 10 min before tourniquet + placebo 10 min before tourniquet release + cefuroxime 1'5 g i. v. 6h after closing surgical wound. Experimental: cefuroxime 1. 5 g i. v. 10 min before tourniquet + cefuroxime 1. 5 g i. v. 10 min before tourniquet release + cefuroxime 1'5 g i. v. 6h after closing surgical wound.

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Reports of Suspected Ceftin (Cefuroxime) Side Effects

Drug Hypersensitivity (9)Rash (6)Diarrhoea (4)Photosensitivity Reaction (3)Haemorrhage (3)Sinusitis (3)Abdominal Pain (2)Hypersensitivity (2)Pain (2)Hepatitis (2)more >>


Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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