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Cefotan (Cefotetan Disodium) - Summary



cefotetan disodium for injection
cefotetan injection

CEFOTAN (cefotetan disodium for injection) and CEFOTAN (cefotetan injection) in Galaxy® * plastic container (PL 2040) as cefotetan disodium are sterile, semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, beta-lactamase resistant, cephalosporin (cephamycin) antibiotics for parenteral administration. It is the disodium salt of [6R-(6α,7α)]-7-[[[4-(2-amino-1-carboxy-2-oxoethylidene)-1,3-dithietan-2-yl]carbonyl]amino]-7-methoxy-3-[[(1-methyl-1 H -tetrazol-5-yl)thio]methyl]-8-oxo-5-thia-1-azabicyclo[4.2. 0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of CEFOTAN and other antibacterial drugs, CEFOTAN should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antimicrobial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.


CEFOTAN is indicated for the therapeutic treatment of the following infections when caused by susceptible strains of the designated organisms:

Urinary Tract Infections caused by E. coli, Klebsiella spp (including K. pneumoniae), Proteus mirabilis and Proteus spp (which may include the organisms now called Proteus vulgaris, Providencia rettgeri, and Morganella morganii).

Lower Respiratory Tract Infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus (penicillinase- and nonpenicillinase-producing strains), Haemophilus influenzae (including ampicillin-resistant strains), Klebsiella species (including K. pneumoniae), E. coli, Proteus mirabilis, and Serratia marcescens *.

Skin and Skin Structure Infections due to Staphylococcus aureus (penicillinase- and nonpenicillinase-producing strains), Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus species (excluding enterococci), Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Peptococcus niger *, Peptostreptococcus species.

Gynecologic Infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus, (including penicillinase- and nonpenicillinase-producing strains), Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus species (excluding enterococci), Streptococcus agalactiae, E. coli, Proteus mirabilis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Bacteroides species (excluding B. distasonis, B. ovatus, B. thetaiotaomicron), Fusobacterium species*, and gram-positive anaerobic cocci (including Peptococcus niger and Peptostreptococcus species).

Cefotetan, like other cephalosporins, has no activity against

Chlamydia trachomatis. Therefore, when cephalosporins are used in the treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease, and C. trachomatis is one of the suspected pathogens, appropriate antichlamydial coverage should be added.

Intra-abdominal Infections caused by E. coli, Klebsiella species (including K. pneumoniae), Streptococcus species (excluding enterococci), Bacteroides species (excluding B. distasonis, B. ovatus, B. thetaiotaomicron) and Clostridium species*.

Bone and Joint Infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus.*

*Efficacy for this organism in this organ system was studied in fewer than ten infections.

Specimens for bacteriological examination should be obtained in order to isolate and identify causative organisms and to determine their susceptibilities to cefotetan. Therapy may be instituted before results of susceptibility studies are known; however, once these results become available, the antibiotic treatment should be adjusted accordingly.

In cases of confirmed or suspected gram-positive or gram-negative sepsis or in patients with other serious infections in which the causative organism has not been identified, it is possible to use CEFOTAN concomitantly with an aminoglycoside. Cefotetan combinations with aminoglycosides have been shown to be synergistic in vitro against many Enterobacteriaceae and also some other gram-negative bacteria. The dosage recommended in the labeling of both antibiotics may be given and depends on the severity of the infection and the patient's condition.

NOTE: Increases in serum creatinine have occurred when CEFOTAN was given alone. If CEFOTAN and an aminoglycoside are used concomitantly, renal function should be carefully monitored, because nephrotoxicity may be potentiated.


The preoperative administration of CEFOTAN may reduce the incidence of certain postoperative infections in patients undergoing surgical procedures that are classified as clean contaminated or potentially contaminated (eg, cesarean section, abdominal or vaginal hysterectomy, transurethral surgery, biliary tract surgery, and gastrointestinal surgery).

If there are signs and symptoms of infection, specimens for culture should be obtained for identification of the causative organism so that appropriate therapeutic measures may be initiated.

See all Cefotan indications & dosage >>


Published Studies Related to Cefotan (Cefotetan)

Pharmacokinetics and tolerability of intravenous cefotetan disodium for injection in healthy Chinese volunteers: A randomized, open-label, single- and multiple-dose study. [2010.09]
BACKGROUND: Cefotetan disodium for injection is a semisynthetic cephamycin antibiotic that exerts its bactericidal effects by inhibition of cell-wall synthesis. Despite being widely used in the treatment of various infections, little information is available on the pharmacokinetic properties of cefotetan disodium in Chinese subjects. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the pharmacokinetics of single and multiple intravenous doses of a generic formulation of cefotetan disodium in healthy Chinese volunteers. The effect of sex on the pharmacokinetics of cefotetan disodium was evaluated as a secondary objective... CONCLUSIONS: In these healthy Chinese subjects, the cefotetan disodium AUC and C(max) increased in a dose-proportional manner, whereas the t(1/2) was independent of dose. The pharmacokinetic properties of cefotetan disodium were linear at doses of 0.5 to 2.0 g. After multiple doses, the pharmacokinetic parameters of cefotetan disodium were consistent with those after single doses. At the doses studied, cefotetan disodium appeared to be well tolerated in these healthy volunteers. Copyright (c) 2010 Excerpta Medica Inc. All rights reserved.

Infection after elective colorectal surgery: bacteriological analysis of failures in a randomized trial of cefotetan vs. ertapenem prophylaxis. [2009.04]
BACKGROUND: A randomized study comparing single-dose cefotetan and ertapenem prophylaxis for elective colorectal surgery in 1,002 patients found ertapenem to be significantly more effective (p < 0.001). Failures of prophylaxis were thought to involve organisms resistant to both antimicrobial agents, isolated most often from deep or superficial incision sites... CONCLUSIONS: The in vitro activity of ertapenem was superior to that of cefotetan against all anaerobic and many aerobic bacteria isolated from postoperative cultures of patients who failed prophylaxis with these agents. Our findings help to elucidate the results of the clinical trial.

Ertapenem versus cefotetan prophylaxis in elective colorectal surgery. [2006.12.21]
BACKGROUND: Ertapenem, a long-acting carbapenem, may be an alternative to the recommended prophylactic antibiotic cefotetan... CONCLUSIONS: Ertapenem is more effective than cefotetan in the prevention of surgical-site infection in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery but may be associated with an increase in C. difficile infection. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00090272 [ClinicalTrials.gov].). Copyright 2006 Massachusetts Medical Society.

Pharmacokinetic differences between the epimers of cefotetan disodium after single intravenous injection in healthy Chinese volunteers. [2011.12]
The pharmacokinetic behaviors of the epimers of cefotetan disodium (R-CTT, S-CTT) after a single intravenous injection dose in healthy Chinese volunteers were explored in this study. In an open-label, randomized, three-way, cross-over study, 12 volunteers (6 females and 6 males) received a cross-over fashion doses of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 g of cefotetan disodium, separated by washout periods of 7 days...

Cefotetan versus conventional triple antibiotic prophylaxis in elective colorectal cancer surgery. [2010.03]
This study examined infectious outcomes in elective colorectal cancer surgery between cefotetan alone or conventional triple antibiotics. From January to December 2007, 461 consecutive primary colorectal cancer patients underwent elective surgery...

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Cefotan (Cefotetan)

Patients Response to Early Switch To Oral:Osteomyelitis Study [Not yet recruiting]
Based on the current literature, investigators hypothesize that patients with osteomyelitis who are treated with the standard approach of intravenous antibiotics for the full duration of therapy will have the same clinical outcomes as patients treated with the experimental approach of intravenous antibiotics with early switch to oral antibiotics. The primary objective of this study is to compare patients with osteomyelitis treated with the standard approach of intravenous antibiotics for the full duration of therapy versus patients treated with intravenous antibiotics with an early switch to oral antibiotics in relation to clinical outcomes at 12 months after discontinuation of antibiotic therapy. Secondary objectives of the study include the evaluation of adverse events related to the use of antibiotics as well as the cost of care evaluated from the hospital perspective.

Antibiotics for Postpartum Third and Fourth Degree Perineal Tear Repairs [Completed]
This study is undertaken to find out whether prophylactic antibiotics can decrease the infection rate in third and fourth degree perineal tear repairs done in the immediate postpartum period.

A Single Dose of a Marketed Drug Being Studied for a New Indication to Treat Surgical Site Infection Following Colorectal Surgery as Compared to a Marketed Drug Approved for This Indication (0826-039) [Completed]
The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a one time dose of an intravenous marketed drug being evaluated for a new indication as compared to a marketed drug already approved for the prevention of surgical site infection following colorectal surgery.

Safety and Efficacy of One Dose Prophylactic Antibiotic in Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery [Completed]
In colorectal surgery, the use of prophylactic antibiotics is recommended. The standard use of antibiotics for colorectal surgery is three doses. It has been reported that the surgical site infection rates of laparoscopic colorectal surgery are lower than open colorectal surgery. However, the evidence of proper application of antibiotic for laparoscopic colorectal surgery is still not enough. The investigators are researching the efficacy and safety of one dose prophylactic antibiotic in laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair With Multimodal Analgesia(MMA) [Completed]

- The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of periarticular injections

consisting of ropivacaine, morphine, epinephrine, cefotetan, and hyaluronic acid with the efficacy of periarticular injections consisting of the same amount of placebo(isotonic saline) during arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

- Adding of multimodal analgesia(MMA) to conventional rotator cuff repair, it was

expected that could reduce postoperative pain and narcotic consumption.

more trials >>

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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