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Cefepime (Cefepime Hydrochloride) - Summary



Cefepime for injection, USP is a semi-synthetic, broad spectrum, cephalosporin antibiotic for parenteral administration.

Cefepime for injection, USP is indicated in the treatment of the following infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms (see also PRECAUTIONS: Pediatric Use  and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION):
Pneumonia (moderate to severe) caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, including cases associated with concurrent bacteremia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, or Enterobacter species.
Empiric Therapy for Febrile Neutropenic Patients. Cefepime as monotherapy is indicated for empiric treatment of febrile neutropenic patients. In patients at high risk for severe infection (including patients with a history of recent bone marrow transplantation, with    hypotension at presentation, with an underlying hematologic malignancy, or with severe or prolonged neutropenia), antimicrobial monotherapy may not be appropriate. Insufficient data exist to support the efficacy of cefepime monotherapy in such patients    (see CLINICAL STUDIES).
Uncomplicated and Complicated Urinary Tract Infections (including pyelonephritis) caused by Escherichia coli or Klebsiella pneumoniae, when the infection is severe, or caused by Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, or Proteus mirabilis,  
when the infection is mild to moderate, including cases associated with concurrent bacteremia with these microorganisms.     
Uncomplicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections
caused by Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin-susceptible isolates only) or Streptococcus pyogenes.
Complicated Intra-abdominal Infections (used in combination with metronidazole) caused by Escherichia coli, viridans group streptococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter species, or Bacteroides fragilis    (see CLINICAL STUDIES).

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of cefepime for injection and other antibacterial drugs, cefepime for injection should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

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Published Studies Related to Cefepime

Low-dose beta-lactam plus amikacin in febrile neutropenia: cefepime vs. piperacillin/tazobactam, a randomized trial. [2010.04]
Patients with fever and granulocytopenia are at risk of developing severe infection. We performed a prospective, randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy of low-dose cefepime plus amikacin (C-A) compared to low-dose piperacillin/tazobactam plus amikacin (PT-A)...

Clinical efficacy and safety of cefepime in febrile neutropenic patients with lung cancer. [2010.04]
Fever often occurs along with chemotherapy-induced neutropenia... Empiric monotherapy using cefepime is a recommended regimen for FN in patients with lung cancer in Japan.

Piperacillin/tazobactam versus cefepime for the empirical treatment of pediatric cancer patients with neutropenia and fever: a randomized and open-label study. [2009.10]
OBJECTIVES: This is a prospective, randomized, and open-label clinical trial that examines the efficiency and safety of PIP/TAZO monotherapy in comparison to cefepime (CEF), for the empirical treatment of pediatric cancer patients with neutropenia and fever... CONCLUSIONS: PIP/TAZO treatment was as effective and safe as CEF monotherapy as an initial empirical regimen in pediatric cancer patients with fever and neutropenia.

Cefepime monotherapy is as effective as ceftriaxone plus amikacin in pediatric patients with cancer and high-risk febrile neutropenia in a randomized comparison. [2009.04]
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The empirical use of antibiotic therapy is widely accepted for patients with fever and neutropenia during cancer chemotherapy. The use of intravenous monotherapy with broad-spectrum antibiotics in patients at high risk for complications is an appropriate alternative. However, few data are available for pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of cefepime (CFP) monotherapy with ceftriaxone plus amikacin (CFT+AK) in children and adolescents with febrile neutropenia (FN)... CONCLUSION: Monotherapy with CFP seems to be as effective and safe as CFT+AK for initial empirical therapy in children and adolescents with FN.

Population pharmacokinetics of high-dose, prolonged-infusion cefepime in adult critically ill patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia. [2009.04]
A population pharmacokinetic model of cefepime was constructed from data from adult critical care patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). A total of 32 patients treated with high-dose cefepime, 2 g every 8 h (3-h infusion) or a renal function-adjusted equivalent dose, were randomized into two groups--26 for the initial model and 6 for model validation...

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Clinical Trials Related to Cefepime

Efficacy of Cefepime Continuous Infusion Versus an Intermittent Dosing Regimen [Completed]
To determine the efficacy of the administration of 7 to 14 days of cefepime in a continuous infusion vs an intermittent (every 8 hours) administration, in adult patients hospitalized in Bogotá with sepsis and bacteremia caused by gram negative bacilli. The outcome was the rate of clinical cure and microbiological cure after 7 and 14 days of initiation of therapy and rates of relapse after 28 days. Hypothesis: The administration of beta lactams in continuous infusion allows a clinical or microbiological cure greater than the intermittent administration.

A Safety and Tolerability Study of Doripenem Compared With Cefepime in Hospitalized Children With Bacterial Pneumonia [Terminated]
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of doripenem compared to cefepime in children hospitalized with pneumonia.

A Safety and Tolerability Study of Doripenem Compared With Cefepime in Children Hospitalized With Complicated Urinary Tract Infections [Terminated]
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of doripenem compared to cefepime in children hospitalized with complicated urinary tract infections.

Prolonged or Standard Infusion of Cefepime Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Febrile Neutropenia [Completed]
This randomized pilot clinical trial studies how well giving prolonged infusion compared to standard infusion of cefepime hydrochloride works in treating patients with febrile neutropenia. Giving cefepime hydrochloride over a longer period of time may be more effective than giving cefepime hydrochloride over the standard time.

Cefepime vs. Ceftriaxone to Treat Nursing Home-Acquired Pneumonia [Completed]
Randomized trial of nursing home residents with pneumonia to assess if intramuscular cefepime is a safe, efficacious, and cost-effective alternative to once daily intramuscular ceftriaxone for the treatment of elderly nursing home residents who develop pneumonia and do not require hospitalization.

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Reports of Suspected Cefepime Side Effects

Renal Failure Acute (24)Confusional State (21)Encephalopathy (19)Myoclonus (17)Neurotoxicity (14)Status Epilepticus (12)Renal Failure (11)Diarrhoea (11)Pyrexia (9)Febrile Neutropenia (9)more >>

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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