Cefazolin for Injection is a semi-synthetic cephalosporin for parenteral administration.
To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Cefazolin for Injection and other antibacterial drugs, Cefazolin for Injection should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria.
Cefazolin for Injection is indicated in the treatment of the following serious infections due to susceptible organisms:
Respiratory Tract Infections: Due to S. pneumoniae, Klebsiella species, H. influenzae, S. aureus (penicillin-sensitive and penicillin-resistant). and group A beta-hemolytic streptococci.
Injectable benzathine penicillin is considered to be the drug of choice in treatment and prevention of streptococcal infections, including the prophylaxis of rheumatic fever.
Cefazolin for injection is effective in the eradication of streptococci from the nasopharynx; however, data establishing the efficacy of cefazolin in the subsequent prevention of rheumatic fever are not available at present.
Urinary Tract Infections: Due to E. coli, P. mirabilis, Klebsiella species, and some strains of enterobacter and enterococci.
Skin and Skin Structure Infections: Due to S. aureus (penicillin-sensitive and penicilin-resistant), group A beta-hemolytic streptococci, and other strains of streptococci.
Biliary Tract Infections: Due to E. coli, various strains of streptococci, P. mirabilis, Klebsiella species and S. aureus.
Bone and Joint Infections: Due to S. aureus.
Genital Infections: (i.e., prostatitis, epididymitis) due to E. coli, P. mirabilis, Klebsiella species, and some strains of enterococci.
Septicemia: Due to S. pneumoniae, S. aureus (penicillin-sensitive and penicillin-resistant), P. mirabilis, E. coli, and Klebsiella species.
Endocarditis: Due to S. aureus (penicillin-sensitive and penicillin-resistant) and group A beta-hemolytic streptococci.
Perioperative Prophylaxis: The prophylactic administration of cefazolin for injection preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively may reduce the incidence of certain postoperative infections in patients undergoing surgical procedures which are classified as contaminated or potentially contaminated (e.g., vaginal hysterectomy, and cholecystectomy in high-risk patients such as those older than 70 years, with acute cholecystitis, obstructive jaundice, or common duct bile stones).
The perioperative use of cefazolinfor injection may also be effective in surgical patients in whom infection at the operative site would present a serious risk (e.g., during open-heart surgery and prosthetic arthroplasty).
The prophylactic administration of cefazolin for injection should usually be discontinued within a 24-hour period after the surgical procedure. In surgery where the occurrence of infection may be particularly devastating (e.g., open-heart surgery and prosthetic arthroplasty), the prophylactic administration of cefazolin for injection may be continued for 3 to 5 days following the completion of surgery.
If there are signs of infection, specimens for cultures should be obtained for the identification of the causative organism so that appropriate therapy may be instituted. (See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).
To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Cefazolin for Injection and other antibacterial drugs, Cefazolin for Injection should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.
Published Studies Related to Cefazolin
Cefazolin bolus and continuous administration for elective cardiac surgery: improved pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters. [2010.08]
OBJECTIVE: Cefazolin (1-2 g bolus at induction possibly repeated after cardiopulmonary bypass) remains the standard for antibiotic prophylaxis in cardiac surgery. Data indicate, however, that it is underdosed with this dosing schedule. A prospective, randomized study comparing intermittent versus loading dose plus continuous infusion for the same total dose of cefazolin was performed to assess which modality is pharmacokinetically and pharmacodynamically advantageous... CONCLUSIONS: Administration of cefazolin as bolus plus continuous infusion has pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic advantages relative to intermittent administration. It provides more stable serum levels, lower interpatient variability, and higher myocardial tissue penetration. Copyright 2010 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Pharmacokinetics of topical and intravenous cefazolin in patients with clean surgical wounds. [2008.12]
BACKGROUND: Surgical-site infection is a common postoperative nosocomial infection. Surgeons frequently treat operative patients with protective antibiotics and often choose cefazolin as the drug. Treatment schemes include both preoperative intravenous dosing and intraoperative dosing by irrigation. This study was designed to measure cefazolin concentrations both in serum and in wound drain fluid after intravenous dosing and after irrigation... CONCLUSIONS: Protective cefazolin concentrations in the wound can be achieved by both intravenous and irrigation delivery. Wound irrigation produces higher concentrations for longer periods of time.
Administration of cefazolin prior to skin incision is superior to cefazolin at cord clamping in preventing postcesarean infectious morbidity: a randomized, controlled trial. [2007.05]
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether the administration of cefazolin prior to skin incision was superior to administration at the time of umbilical cord clamping for the prevention of postcesarean infectious morbidity... CONCLUSION: Administration of prophylactic cefazolin prior to skin incision resulted in a decrease in both endomyometritis and total postcesarean infectious morbidity, compared with administration at the time of cord clamping. This dosing did not result in increased neonatal septic workups or complications.
[A randomized study comparing amoxicillin-clavulanic acid with cefazolin as antimicrobial prophylaxis in laparotomic gynecologic surgery] [2006.04]
AIM: The aim of this paper was to compare amoxicillin-clavulanic acid with cefazolin as ultra-short term prophylaxis in laparotomic gynecologic surgery... CONCLUSIONS: Ultra-short term prophylaxis with both amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and cefazolin is safe in elective laparotomic gynecologic surgery.
Cefazolin plus netilmicin versus cefazolin plus ceftazidime for treating CAPD peritonitis: effect on residual renal function. [2005.11]
BACKGROUND. The International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis (ISPD) treatment guidelines for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) peritonitis 2000 recommended the use of cefazolin plus ceftazidime as the initial empirical therapy in patients with residual renal function (RRF). However, this treatment regimen has not been compared with the conventional regimen of cefazolin plus netilmicin in prospective, randomized controlled trials... CONCLUSION: Intraperitoneal cefazolin plus netilmicin and cefazolin plus ceftazidime have similar efficacy as empirical treatment for CAPD peritonitis. In CAPD patients with RRF, significant but reversible reduction in RRF and 24-hour urine volume could occur after an episode of peritonitis, despite successful treatment by i.p. antibiotics. The effect of i.p. cefazolin plus netilmicin, or i.p. cefazolin plus ceftazidime on RRF in CAPD patients with peritonitis does not appear to be different. Our findings do not support the routine use of cefazolin and ceftazidime as the empirical treatment for CAPD peritonitis.
Clinical Trials Related to Cefazolin
Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Cefazolin 2g in DUPLEX [Completed]
Cefazolin Pharmacokinetics: Elimination Clearance in Neonates [Completed]
To document cefazolin disposition (concentration/time profile, protein binding, metabolism,
renal elimination characteristics) and its covariates in neonates following intravenous
administration of the drug at induction of anesthesia, prior to an invasive procedure
To evaluate if optimalisation of cefazolin dose regimen during neonatal life is needed
Pre-operative Prophylaxis With Vancomycin and Cefazolin in Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery Patients [Active, not recruiting]
The investigators hope to learn 1) if the addition of prophylaxis with vancomycin will
decrease the rate of cefazolin non-susceptible SSI's, in high risk population 2) to develop
better understanding of vancomycin and cefazolin pharmacokinetics in children undergoing
cardiopulmonary bypass 3) to assess the barriers to vancomycin dosing peri-operatively 4) to
assess side effects and risks associated with peri-operative vancomycin administration. This
will allow us to improve patient care by better understanding the benefits or the risks of
peri-operative vancomycin administration and potentially decrease cefazolin-resistant
surgical site infections.
In addition, this study gives us the opportunity to evaluate cefazolin and vancomycin
pharmacokinetics on children on CPB.
The investigators will take blood samples from 20 patients. In 10 patients the investigators
will do Cefazolin pK analysis and in the other 10 the investigators will do pK Vancomycin
analysis. For the remainder of 292 patients, only prospective chart review will be done to
determine the incidence of SSI's.
This data will be compared with 936 controls who received only Cefazolin pre-operatively as
prophylaxis for SSI's.
Tinidazole Versus Cefazolin Antibiotic Prophylaxis of Vaginal and Abdominal Hysterectomy [Active, not recruiting]
Purpose: to compare the efficacy of tinidazole and cefazolin on the prophylaxis of the
febrile and infectious morbidity after vaginal or abdominal hysterectomy. Methods: A
randomized clinical trial carried out at the Women's Integrated Healthcare Center
(CAISM)/UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil. Women undergoing to total vaginal or abdominal
hysterectomy were randomly enrolled into one of these three groups of antibiotic
prophylaxis: tinidazole, cefazolin or an association of both.
Effect of Cefazolin and Normal Saline Irrigation on Surgical Site Infections (SSIs) [Completed]
Reports of Suspected Cefazolin Side Effects
Drug Rash With Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (17),
Anaphylactic Reaction (15),
Anaphylactic Shock (9),
Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (8),
International Normalised Ratio Increased (7),
Blood Pressure Decreased (7),
Drug Eruption (5),
Pyrexia (5), more >>
Page last updated: 2010-10-05