USE IN PREGNANCY
When used in pregnancy during the second and third trimesters, ACE inhibitors can cause injury and even death to the developing fetus. When pregnancy is detected, CAPOZIDE® should be discontinued as soon as possible. See WARNINGS: Captopril: Fetal/Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality.
(captopril and hydrochlorothiazide tablets, USP)
CAPOZIDE® (captopril and hydrochlorothiazide tablets, USP) for oral administration combines two antihypertensive agents: CAPOTEN® (captopril) and hydrochlorothiazide. Captopril, the first of a new class of antihypertensive agents, is a specific competitive inhibitor of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE), the enzyme responsible for the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II. Hydrochlorothiazide is a benzothiadiazide (thiazide) diuretic-antihypertensive.
CAPOZIDE® (captopril and hydrochlorothiazide tablets, USP) is indicated for the treatment of hypertension. The blood pressure lowering effects of captopril and thiazides are approximately additive.
This fixed combination drug may be used as initial therapy or substituted for previously titrated doses of the individual components.
When captopril and hydrochlorothiazide are given together it may not be necessary to administer captopril in divided doses to attain blood pressure control at trough (before the next dose). Also, with such a combination, a daily dose of 15 mg of hydrochlorothiazide may be adequate.
Treatment may, therefore, be initiated with CAPOZIDE® 25 mg/15 mg once daily. Subsequent titration should be with additional doses of the components (captopril, hydrochlorothiazide) as single agents or as CAPOZIDE® 50 mg/15 mg, 25 mg/25 mg, or 50 mg/25 mg (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).
In using CAPOZIDE®, consideration should be given to the risk of neutropenia/agranulocytosis (see WARNINGS).
CAPOZIDE® may be used for patients with normal renal function, in whom the risk is relatively low. In patients with impaired renal function, particularly those with collagen vascular disease, CAPOZIDE® should be reserved for hypertensives who have either developed unacceptable side effects on other drugs, or have failed to respond satisfactorily to other drug combinations.
ACE inhibitors (for which adequate data are available) cause a higher rate of angioedema in black than in non-black patients (see WARNINGS: Captopril: Head and Neck Angioedema and Intestinal Angioedema).
Media Articles Related to Capozide (Captopril / Hydrochlorothiazide)
Breast cancer treatments could increase risk of developing osteoporosis or hypertension
Source: Health News from Medical News Today [2014.02.28]
Older women who have overcome breast cancer are likely to struggle with heart disease, osteoporosis and hypertension further on in their lives. Whether these conditions occur or not is influenced by the treatment that patients received to fight cancer, their overall weight and their age. Breast cancer survivors therefore should watch their weight and get regular exercise so that they can enjoy a high quality of life. These findings, by lead author Nadia Obi of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, who collaborated with the group of Prof.
10 of 11 new gene signals are likely drug targets for hypertension
Source: Cardiovascular / Cardiology News From Medical News Today [2014.02.24]
A large international study analyzing genes in tens of thousands of individuals has discovered 11 new genetic signals associated with blood pressure levels. Ten of those signals are in or very near genes encoding proteins that appear to be likely targets for drugs already in existence or in development.
Opsumit approved by SwissMedic for pulmonary arterial hypertension
Source: Hypertension News From Medical News Today [2014.02.17]
Actelion Ltd has announced that SwissMedic has approved Opsumit® (macitentan) for PAH patients within Switzerland.Opsumit is indicated for the long-term treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in patients of WHO Functional Class II to III to reduce morbidity and the risk of mortality.
Air pollution increases risk for hypertension in pregnant women
Source: Hypertension News From Medical News Today [2014.02.14]
Breathing the air outside their homes may be just as toxic to pregnant women - if not more so - as breathing in cigarette smoke, increasing a mom-to-be's risk of developing deadly complications such as preeclampsia, according to findings from a new University of Florida study.
How the body regulates neuro-hormone has implications for hypertension, pain, stress, depression
Source: Anxiety / Stress News From Medical News Today [2014.02.12]
New research has revealed a previously unknown mechanism in the body which regulates a hormone that is crucial for motivation, stress responses and control of blood pressure, pain and appetite. The breakthrough could be used to design drugs to help fight health problems connected with these functions in the future.
Published Studies Related to Capozide (Captopril / Hydrochlorothiazide)
Evaluation of the effects of fixed combinations of sustained-release verapamil/trandolapril versus captopril/hydrochlorothiazide on metabolic and electrolyte parameters in patients with essential hypertension. [2000.06]
The objective of this randomised open, active controlled, cross-over study was to evaluate the effect of a fixed combination of verapamil SR/trandolapril compared to captopril/hydrochlorothiazide on serum lipids, lipoproteins, and other metabolic and electrolyte parameters in patients with essential hypertension...
Combination therapy with felodipine and metoprolol compared with captopril and hydrochlorothiazide. German MC Study Group. [1998.11]
This study compared the antihypertensive efficacy and tolerability of a combination tablet containing the vascular-selective calcium antagonist felodipine and the beta1-selective adrenergic antagonist metoprolol, with a combination tablet of captopril-hydrochlorothiazide in a randomized, double-blind trial involving 109 patients with mild to moderate hypertension.
Treating black hypertensives with capozide. [1988.07]
Twenty-four black men with mild to moderate essential hypertension were enrolled in an open-label trial comparing the efficacy of two doses of Capozide (captopril and hydrochlorothiazide). All antihypertensive drugs were discontinued and patients then received placebo for 2 weeks... Twice-daily Capozide treatment is effective and well tolerated in blacks; patients responded equally well to both doses.
Page last updated: 2014-02-28