Media Articles Related to Capital and Codeine (Acetaminophen / Codeine)
Angola denies report that Dos Santos treated for cancer in Spain
Source: Yahoo Health News [2013.11.29]
Angola on Friday denied a report by Portuguese state TV that the oil-producing African state's long-serving President Jose Eduardo dos Santos was undergoing cancer treatment in Spain. "I don't have anything to say, because it is not ...
Untreated cancer pain a 'scandal of global proportions,' survey shows
Source: Health News from Medical News Today [2013.11.28]
A ground-breaking international collaborative survey, published in Annals of Oncology, shows that more than half of the world's population live in countries where regulations that aim to stem drug misuse leave cancer patients without access to opioid medicines for managing cancer pain.The results from the Global Opioid Policy Initiative (GOPI)  project show that more than 4 billion people live in countries where regulations leave cancer patients suffering excruciating pain.
Chest Pain in Women Looks a Lot Like Men's
Source: Medscape Nurses Headlines [2013.11.26]
A new review of almost 2500 emergency-department admissions suggests that the presentation of chest pain between men and women is not as different as is commonly thought.
9 Things Chronic Pain Specialists Want Hospitalists to Know
Source: Medscape Pharmacists Headlines [2013.11.26]
Read these useful pearls regarding opioid use and abuse, as well as tips regarding general pain management, from an expert team of chronic pain specialists.
Findings not supportive of using women-specific chest pain symptoms in early diagnosis of heart attack
Source: Cardiovascular / Cardiology News From Medical News Today [2013.11.26]
Using chest pain characteristics (CPCs) specific to women in the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI, heart attack) in the emergency department does not seem to be supported by the findings of a study published by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.
Published Studies Related to Capital and Codeine (Acetaminophen / Codeine)
Economic evaluation of controlled-release oxycodone vs oxycodone-acetaminophen for osteoarthritis pain of the hip or knee. [2006.04]
OBJECTIVE: To examine, in routine practice, the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of oxycodone (OxyContin) compared with standard therapy for osteoarthritis pain. STUDY DESIGN: Open-label active-controlled randomized naturalistic 4-month study of oxycodone vs a combination of oxycodone-acetaminophen (Percocet)... CONCLUSIONS: From the societal perspective, oxycodone was more effective and less costly than oxycodone-acetaminophen. From the healthcare perspective, oxycodone (compared with generic oxycodone-acetaminophen) fell within the acceptable range of cost-effectiveness between 50,000 US dollars and 100,000 US dollars per QALY gained.
Analgesic efficacy of rofecoxib compared with codeine/acetaminophen using a model of acute dental pain. [2005.10]
OBJECTIVE: To determine analgesic efficacy of a single oral dose of rofecoxib 50 mg compared with acetaminophen/codeine 600/60 mg, we conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo- and active-comparator-controlled, parallel-group study... CONCLUSION: Rofecoxib provided superior analgesic efficacy compared with codeine/acetaminophen with fewer gastrointestinal and nervous system adverse events.
Comparison of ibuprofen and acetaminophen with codeine following cosmetic facial surgery. [2009.10]
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and side effects of ibuprofen and acetaminophen with codeine when given postoperatively following cosmetic facial surgery and to assess whether bruising is worse or the incidence of hematoma is greater when ibuprofen is taken postoperatively. DESIGN: Prospective, double-blind, randomized trial. SETTING: Accredited outpatient surgery centre... CONCLUSIONS: Ibuprofen 400 mg is as effective as acetaminophen/codeine 600/60 mg for pain relief following cosmetic facial surgery. Ibuprofen is better tolerated, with fewer side effects, than acetaminophen with codeine. Ibuprofen given postoperatively does not result in increased bruising or increased incidence of hematoma.
Codeine-acetaminophen versus nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the treatment of post-abdominal surgery pain: a systematic review of randomized trials. [2009.08]
BACKGROUND: Cesarean section, episiotomy, and third and perineal tears are associated with significant tissue damage, causing pain in the immediate postpartum period. The current standard in North America is to prescribe oral acetaminophen/codeine (A + C) for postpartum pain. Codeine has opioid-related adverse effects and may not be safe during breastfeeding in the postpartum period for all neonates. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are devoid of opioid-related adverse effects and could be a possible alternative for analgesia in postpartum pain. The objective of this systematic review was to compare the analgesic effect and safety profile of acetaminophen/codeine (A + C) with NSAIDs in the management of pain after laparotomy... CONCLUSIONS: None of the studies found A + C to be superior to NSAIDs in controlling postlaparotomy pain. NSAIDs appear to be an equipotent alternative in the treatment of postlaparotomy pain. Four of the 9 studies reported less adverse effects in the NSAID group. There appears to be an overall better risk/benefit ratio for the use of NSAIDs for postpartum pain.
Clinical Trials Related to Capital and Codeine (Acetaminophen / Codeine)
Evaluation of Skeletal Maturity for Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis [Recruiting]
This study is being done for two reasons: 1) to evaluate growth problems in the hip in
patients with Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE) as they continue to grow into adults,
and 2) to help doctors determine which patients are at risk for developing a SCFE on their
opposite hip. Studies show that up to 60% of patients with a SCFE will go on to develop a
SCFE on their other side. Being able to better determine which patients are at risk for
developing a SCFE on the other side will help physicians better monitor patients with a
history of a SCFE and perhaps treat them before they develop a SCFE on the opposite side. By
studying the growth centers seen on X-rays of your child's legs and elbow, the investigators
may be able to better predict which children with a SCFE are at risk for developing a SCFE
on their opposite hip and potential growth problems as they continue to grow.
Carvedilol Post-intervention Long-term Administration in Large-scale Trial [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether beta-blocker therapy improves 6-year
clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction and
preserved left ventricular ejection fraction after primary percutaneous coronary
A Comparison of Postoperative Tramadol Versus Acetaminophen With Codeine in Children Undergoing Tonsillectomy [Recruiting]
Tonsillectomy is the most common pediatric surgical procedure performed in the US. The
postoperative period can be particularly painful. Codeine (usually in mixed formulation with
acetaminophen) is the most commonly prescribed opioid in the US. However, evolving data
questions its ability to provide optimal pain relief, while avoiding side effects,
especially in the postoperative setting. Tramadol may be a better option for children in the
postoperative setting due to its well-documented analgesic properties, low potential for
side effects, and excellent safety profile. Seventy-two children scheduled to undergo
tonsillectomy (with or without adenoidectomy) at Children's will be invited to participate
in a randomized, prospective, double-blinded study to evaluate the efficacy and side effects
of codeine with acetaminophen versus tramadol. Using a 10-day take-home diary, caregivers
will be asked to record daily information about their child's postoperative pain and other
core outcomes and domains as recommended in the recent consensus statement put forth by the
Pediatric Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials
(IMMPACT) (McGrath et al., 2008). This study will offer new information regarding the
efficacy and side effects associated with tramadol as compared with codeine/acetaminophen
(the current practice standard) in a pediatric population.
H1: Children who receive scheduled tramadol following tonsillectomy will report better pain
control than children who receive scheduled codeine/acetaminophen.
H2: Children who receive scheduled tramadol following tonsillectomy will report fewer side
effects than children who receive scheduled codeine/acetaminophen.
Fibrinogen Concentrate as Initial Treatment for Postpartum Haemorrhage: A Randomised Clinically Controlled Trial [Recruiting]
Severe maternal bleeding is a serious complication of birth and causes 125. 000 deaths
worldwide each year. The investigators aim to investigate if early treatment with fibrinogen
concentrate versus saline can reduce the incidence of blood transfusion in women with
A low level of fibrinogen has been associated with increased blood loss and transfusion
requirements in different clinical settings including obstetrical bleeding. Early up-front
treatment with fibrinogen may reduce incidence of transfusion by securing optimal
haemostatic capacity in women with postpartum haemorrhage.
The investigators plan to enrol 245 patients on four hospitals in the Capital Region of
Denmark during a two year period.
As safety measure the investigators plan to use TEG®/Functional Fibrinogen/Rapid-TEG as
haemostatic monitoring of all participants during the trial: Baseline test is taken at
inclusion before administration of fibrinogen concentrate/placebo. Further tests are taken
immediately after intervention, 4 hours and 24 hours after. Baseline test is blinded to the
providers of treatment - the rest is clinically available.
Short-Term Prognosis Evaluation of Transient Ischemic Attack Patients Using ABCD2 Score [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the ABCD2 score can be used in patients
with transient ischemic attack, admitted to Beijing anzhen hospital, to evaluate the
prognosis, risk factor of those patients.