To minimize the risk of induced arrhythmia, patients initiated or reinitiated on BETAPACE® should be placed for a minimum of three days (on their maintenance dose) in a facility that can provide cardiac resuscitation and continuous electrocardiographic monitoring. Creatinine clearance should be calculated prior to dosing. For detailed instructions regarding dose selection and special cautions for people with renal impairment, see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION. Sotalol is also indicated for the maintenance of normal sinus rhythm [delay in time to recurrence of atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter (AFIB/AFL)] in patients with symptomatic AFIB/AFL who are currently in sinus rhythm and is marketed under the brand name BETAPACE AF™. BETAPACE is not approved for the AFIB/AFL indication and should not be substituted for BETAPACE AF because only BETAPACE AF is distributed with a patient package insert that is appropriate for patients with AFIB/AFL.
BETAPACEŽ (sotalol hydrochloride) is an antiarrhythmic drug with Class II (beta-adrenoreceptor blocking) and Class III (cardiac action potential duration prolongation) properties. It is supplied as a light-blue, capsule-shaped tablet for oral administration.
Oral BETAPACE (sotalol hydrochloride) is indicated for the treatment of documented ventricular arrhythmias, such as sustained ventricular tachycardia, that in the judgment of the physician are life-threatening. Because of the proarrhythmic effects of BETAPACE (see WARNINGS), including a 1.5 to 2% rate of Torsade de Pointes or new VT/VF in patients with either NSVT or supraventricular arrhythmias, its use in patients with less severe arrhythmias, even if the patients are symptomatic, is generally not recommended. Treatment of patients with asymptomatic ventricular premature contractions should be avoided.
Initiation of BETAPACE treatment or increasing doses, as with other antiarrhythmic agents used to treat life-threatening arrhythmias, should be carried out in the hospital. The response to treatment should then be evaluated by a suitable method (e.g., PES or Holter monitoring) prior to continuing the patient on chronic therapy. Various approaches have been used to determine the response to antiarrhythmic therapy, including BETAPACE.
In the ESVEM Trial, response by Holter monitoring was tentatively defined as 100% suppression of ventricular tachycardia, 90% suppression of nonsustained VT, 80% suppression of paired VPCs, and 75% suppression of total VPCs in patients who had at least 10 VPCs/hour at baseline; this tentative response was confirmed if VT lasting 5 or more beats was not observed during treadmill exercise testing using a standard Bruce protocol. The PES protocol utilized a maximum of three extrastimuli at three pacing cycle lengths and two right ventricular pacing sites. Response by PES was defined as prevention of induction of the following: 1) monomorphic VT lasting over 15 seconds; 2) non-sustained polymorphic VT containing more than 15 beats of monomorphic VT in patients with a history of monomorphic VT; 3) polymorphic VT or VF greater than 15 beats in patients with VF or a history of aborted sudden death without monomorphic VT; and 4) two episodes of polymorphic VT or VF of greater than 15 beats in a patient presenting with monomorphic VT. Sustained VT or NSVT producing hypotension during the final treadmill test was considered a drug failure.
In a multicenter open-label long-term study of BETAPACE in patients with life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias which had proven refractory to other antiarrhythmic medications, response by Holter monitoring was defined as in ESVEM. Response by PES was defined as non-inducibility of sustained VT by at least double extrastimuli delivered at a pacing cycle length of 400 msec. Overall survival and arrhythmia recurrence rates in this study were similar to those seen in ESVEM, although there was no comparative group to allow a definitive assessment of outcome.
Antiarrhythmic drugs have not been shown to enhance survival in patients with ventricular arrhythmias.
Sotalol is also indicated for the maintenance of normal sinus rhythm [delay in time to recurrence of atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter (AFIB/AFL)] in patients with symptomatic AFIB/AFL who are currently in sinus rhythm and is marketed under the brand name BETAPACE AF. BETAPACE is not approved for the AFIB/AFL indication and should not be substituted for BETAPACE AF because only BETAPACE AF is distributed with a patient package insert that is appropriate for patients with AFIB/AFL.
Media Articles Related to Betapace (Sotalol)
Phlebitis in Amiodarone Administration
Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines [2013.12.04]
Intravenous amiodarone is an important treatment for arrhythmias, but peripheral infusion is associated with direct irritation of vessel walls and phlebitis.
American Journal of Critical Care
Published Studies Related to Betapace (Sotalol)
The efficacy of sotalol in preventing postoperative atrial fibrillation: a
supraventricular tachyarrhythmias... CONCLUSION: Sotalol is more effective in the prevention of supraventricular
The Drug And Pace Health cliNical Evaluation (DAPHNE) study: a randomized trial comparing sotalol versus beta-blockers to treat symptomatic atrial fibrillation in patients with brady-tachycardia syndrome implanted with an antitachycardia pacemaker. [2008.08]
BACKGROUND: Atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATAs) are mainly treated by pharmacologic therapy for rate control or rhythm control. The aim of our study was to compare sotalol (S) versus beta-blocking agents (BB) in terms of prevention of ATA, cardioversions (CVs), and cardiovascular hospitalizations (H) in patients paced for bradycardia-tachycardia form of sinus node disease (BT-SND)... CONCLUSIONS: In the complex context of "hybrid therapy" in patients with BT-SND implanted with a modern dual chamber rate adaptive pacemaker device delivering atrial antitachycardia pacing, no differences were found between the use of beta-blocker and the use of S, at the relatively low dose achieved after clinical titration, in terms of prevention of cardiovascular H or need for atrial CV.
Bifocal versus unifocal right atrial pacing under plasma level controlled sotalol to prevent atrial fibrillation in patients with symptomatic sinus bradycardia and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. [2007.12]
AIMS : Bifocal right atrial pacing (BP) has been reported to increase arrhythmia-free intervals in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) under antiarrhythmic drugs. This study compares AF burden with unifocal pacing (UP) vs BP under sotalol...
The clinical noncompliance of oral sotalol/magnesium for prophylactic treatment of atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass grafting. [2007.07]
BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation has been refractory to many attempted pharmacologic prevention methods and, when effective, side effects have been described. The present aim was to study the clinical compliance of a suggested prophylactic treatment, oral sotalol, and magnesium... CONCLUSIONS: The tested treatment protocol showed limited compliance among routine cardiac-surgery patients, and further, introduced a biased selection of patients that skewed the results and may have partly explained the treatment effect.
Exercise capacity in atrial fibrillation: a substudy of the Sotalol-Amiodarone Atrial Fibrillation Efficacy Trial (SAFE-T). [2007.04]
BACKGROUND: Therapy for chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) focuses on rate versus rhythm control, but little is known about the effects of common therapeutic interventions on exercise tolerance in AF... CONCLUSION: Cardioversion resulted in a sustained improvement in exercise capacity over the course of 1 year, and this improvement was similar between those in SR and those with SR and recurrent AF. Patients most likely to improve with treatment tended to be younger and nonobese and have the greatest limitations initially.
Clinical Trials Related to Betapace (Sotalol)
Genetic Sources of Variability of the Adaptation of the Ventricular Repolarisation [Recruiting]
The main objective is to research for genetic factors involved in the extreme modifications
of the QT interval of the electrocardiogram in answer to a pharmacological stimulation
(sotalol) and physiological stimulation in the apparently normal general population.
The phenotypic characterization, based on the ventricular repolarisation dynamics will be
used aiming at term of the predictive genetic factors of the acquired long QT syndrome
Pilot Study of Catheter Ablation for Ventricular Tachycardia in Patients With an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator [Recruiting]
The purpose of this pilot trial is to determine the feasibility of a large, multi-center
randomized clinical trial aimed to test whether a treatment strategy of percutaneous
catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) is superior to state-of-the-art
pharmacologic therapy at reducing all-cause mortality in patients with an implantable
cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) who receive therapy for VT in the absence of any reversible
Kansai Plus Atrial Fibrillation Trial [Recruiting]
This is a 2x2 factorial randomized controlled trial (KPAF Trial), evaluating two different
pharmacological approaches to improve long-term outcome of catheter ablation for atrial
fibrillation (AF). The study is composed of UNmasking Dormant Electrical Reconduction by
Adenosine TriPhosphate (UNDER-ATP) Trial and Efficacy of Antiarrhythmic Drugs Short-Term Use
after Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation (EAST-AF) Trial. Patients with paroxysmal or
persistent AF will be randomized to ATP guide ablation or control group in a 1: 1 ratio
before the procedure (UNDER-ATP Trial). Excluding those with severe procedural complications
or substantial bradycardia identified first after ablation for persistent AF, patients will
be randomized in a 1: 1 ratio to antiarrhythmic-drug (AAD) or control group after the
procedure (EAST-AF Trial).
Catheter Ablation Versus Antiarrhythmic Drugs for Outflow Tract Ventricular ARrhythmias [Recruiting]
A randomized, parallel, open study comparing catheter ablation versus antiarrhythmic drugs
for outflow tract ventricular arrhythmias
Catheter Ablation for Recently Diagnosed Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation [Recruiting]
The objective is to compare the progression of Atrial Fib (AF) burden by continuous
monitoring in patients with recently diagnosed paroxysmal AF treated by catheter ablation
(PVI) versus anti-arrhythmic drug (AAD) therapy.
Reports of Suspected Betapace (Sotalol) Side Effects
Atrial Fibrillation (9),
Cardiac Pacemaker Insertion (3),
Oedema Peripheral (2),
Blood Pressure Increased (2),
Heart Rate Decreased (2),
Bradycardia (2), more >>
Page last updated: 2013-12-04