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Baraclude (Entecavir) - Side Effects and Adverse Reactions

 
 



ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following adverse reactions are discussed in other sections of the labeling:

  • Exacerbations of hepatitis after discontinuation of treatment [see Boxed Warning Warnings and Precautions ].
  • Lactic acidosis and severe hepatomegaly with steatosis [see Boxed Warning Warnings and Precautions ].

Clinical Trial Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Assessment of adverse reactions is based on four studies (AI463014, AI463022, AI463026, and AI463027) in which 1720 subjects with chronic hepatitis B virus infection received double-blind treatment with BARACLUDE 0.5 mg/day (n=679), BARACLUDE 1 mg/day (n=183), or lamivudine (n=858) for up to 2 years. Median duration of therapy was 69 weeks for BARACLUDE-treated subjects and 63 weeks for lamivudine-treated subjects in Studies AI463022 and AI463027 and 73 weeks for BARACLUDE-treated subjects and 51 weeks for lamivudine-treated subjects in Studies AI463026 and AI463014. The safety profiles of BARACLUDE and lamivudine were comparable in these studies. The safety profile of BARACLUDE 1 mg (n=51) in HIV/HBV co-infected subjects enrolled in Study AI463038 was similar to that of placebo (n=17) through 24 weeks of blinded treatment and similar to that seen in non-HIV infected subjects [see Warnings and Precautions ].

The most common adverse reactions of any severity (≥3%) with at least a possible relation to study drug for BARACLUDE-treated subjects were headache, fatigue, dizziness, and nausea. The most common adverse reactions among lamivudine-treated subjects were headache, fatigue, and dizziness. One percent of BARACLUDE-treated subjects in these four studies compared with 4% of lamivudine-treated subjects discontinued for adverse events or abnormal laboratory test results.

Clinical adverse reactions of moderate-severe intensity and considered at least possibly related to treatment occurring during therapy in four clinical studies in which BARACLUDE was compared with lamivudine are presented in Table 2.

Table 2: Clinical Adverse Reactionsa of Moderate-Severe Intensity (Grades 2-4) Reported in Four Entecavir Clinical Trials Through 2 Years
  Nucleoside-Naiveb Lamivudine-Refractoryc
Body System/
  Adverse Reaction
BARACLUDE
0.5 mg
n=679
Lamivudine
100 mg
n=668
BARACLUDE
1 mg
n=183
Lamivudine
100 mg
n=190
a Includes events of possible, probable, certain, or unknown relationship to treatment regimen.
b Studies AI463022 and AI463027.
c Includes Study AI463026 and the BARACLUDE 1-mg and lamivudine treatment arms of Study AI463014, a Phase 2 multinational, randomized, double-blind study of three doses of BARACLUDE (0.1, 0.5, and 1 mg) once daily versus continued lamivudine 100 mg once daily for up to 52 weeks in subjects who experienced recurrent viremia on lamivudine therapy.
Any Grade 2-4 adverse reactiona15%18%22%23%
Gastrointestinal
   Diarrhea<1%01%0
   Dyspepsia<1%<1%1%0
   Nausea<1%<1%<1%2%
   Vomiting<1%<1%<1%0
General
   Fatigue1%1%3%3%
Nervous System
   Headache2%2%4%1%
   Dizziness<1%<1%01%
   Somnolence<1%<1%00
Psychiatric
   Insomnia<1%<1%0<1%

Laboratory Abnormalities

Frequencies of selected treatment-emergent laboratory abnormalities reported during therapy in four clinical trials of BARACLUDE compared with lamivudine are listed in Table 3.

Table 3: Selected Treatment-Emergenta Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in Four Entecavir Clinical Trials Through 2 Years
  Nucleoside-Naiveb Lamivudine-Refractoryc
Test BARACLUDE
0.5 mg
n=679
Lamivudine
100 mg
n=668
BARACLUDE
1 mg
n=183
Lamivudine
100 mg
n=190
a On-treatment value worsened from baseline to Grade 3 or Grade 4 for all parameters except albumin (any on-treatment value <2.5 g/dL), confirmed creatinine increase ≥0.5 mg/dL, and ALT >10 X ULN and >2 X baseline.
b Studies AI463022 and AI463027.
c Includes Study AI463026 and the BARACLUDE 1-mg and lamivudine treatment arms of Study AI463014, a Phase 2 multinational, randomized, double-blind study of three doses of BARACLUDE (0.1, 0.5, and 1 mg) once daily versus continued lamivudine 100 mg once daily for up to 52 weeks in subjects who experienced recurrent viremia on lamivudine therapy.
d Includes hematology, routine chemistries, renal and liver function tests, pancreatic enzymes, and urinalysis.
e Grade 3 = 3+, large, ≥ 500 mg/dL; Grade 4 = 4+, marked, severe.
f Grade 3 = 3+, large; Grade 4 = ≥ 4+, marked, severe, many.
ULN=upper limit of normal
Any Grade 3-4 laboratory abnormalityd35%36%37%45%
ALT >10 X ULN and >2 X baseline2%4%2%11%
ALT >5.0 X ULN11%16%12%24%
Albumin <2.5 g/dL<1%<1%02%
Total bilirubin >2.5 X ULN2%2%3%2%
Lipase ≥2.1 X ULN7%6%7%7%
Creatinine >3.0 X ULN0000
Confirmed creatinine increase ≥0.5 mg/dL1%1%2%1%
Hyperglycemia, fasting >250 mg/dL2%1%3%1%
Glycosuriae4%3%4%6%
Hematuriaf9%10%9%6%
Platelets <50,000/mm3<1%<1%<1%<1%

Among BARACLUDE-treated subjects in these studies, on-treatment ALT elevations greater than 10 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) and greater than 2 times baseline generally resolved with continued treatment. A majority of these exacerbations were associated with a ≥2 log10/mL reduction in viral load that preceded or coincided with the ALT elevation. Periodic monitoring of hepatic function is recommended during treatment.

Exacerbations of Hepatitis after Discontinuation of Treatment [see also Warnings and Precautions ]

An exacerbation of hepatitis or ALT flare was defined as ALT greater than 10 times ULN and greater than 2 times the subject’s reference level (minimum of the baseline or last measurement at end of dosing). For all subjects who discontinued treatment (regardless of reason), Table 4 presents the proportion of subjects in each study who experienced post-treatment ALT flares. In these studies, a subset of subjects was allowed to discontinue treatment at or after 52 weeks if they achieved a protocol-defined response to therapy. If BARACLUDE is discontinued without regard to treatment response, the rate of post-treatment flares could be higher.

Table 4: Exacerbations of Hepatitis During Off-Treatment Follow-up, Subjects in Studies AI463022, AI463027, and AI463026
Subjects with ALT Elevations >10 X ULN and >2 X Referencea
BARACLUDE Lamivudine
a Reference is the minimum of the baseline or last measurement at end of dosing. Median time to off-treatment exacerbation was 23 weeks for BARACLUDE-treated subjects and 10 weeks for lamivudine-treated subjects.
Nucleoside-naive  
  HBeAg-positive4/174 (2%)13/147 (9%)
  HBeAg-negative24/302 (8%)30/270 (11%)
Lamivudine-refractory6/52 (12%)0/16

Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been reported during postmarketing use of BARACLUDE. Because these reactions were reported voluntarily from a population of unknown size, it is not possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to BARACLUDE exposure.

Immune system disorders: Anaphylactoid reaction.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Alopecia, rash.



REPORTS OF SUSPECTED BARACLUDE SIDE EFFECTS / ADVERSE REACTIONS

Below is a sample of reports where side effects / adverse reactions may be related to Baraclude. The information is not vetted and should not be considered as verified clinical evidence.

Possible Baraclude side effects / adverse reactions in 69 year old male

Reported by a physician from Greece on 2011-10-03

Patient: 69 year old male

Reactions: Blood Creatine Phosphokinase Increased, Polyneuropathy

Adverse event resulted in: hospitalization

Suspect drug(s):
Baraclude

Other drugs received by patient: Lyrica



Possible Baraclude side effects / adverse reactions in 19 year old male

Reported by a consumer/non-health professional from Belgium on 2011-10-06

Patient: 19 year old male

Reactions: Vasculitis

Suspect drug(s):
Montelukast Sodium
    Start date: 2010-08-01

Trazodone HCL
    Start date: 2006-01-01

Baraclude
    Dosage: since 3 months
    Administration route: Oral
    Indication: Hepatitis B
    Start date: 2011-05-31
    End date: 2011-08-30

Tramadol HCL
    Start date: 2007-01-01

Lyrica
    Start date: 2006-01-01



Possible Baraclude side effects / adverse reactions in male

Reported by a physician from Japan on 2011-10-06

Patient: male

Reactions: Viith Nerve Paralysis

Suspect drug(s):
Baraclude



See index of all Baraclude side effect reports >>

Drug label data at the top of this Page last updated: 2009-01-29

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