AVITA® Cream, a topical retinoid, contains tretinoin 0.025% by weight in a hydrophilic cream vehicle of stearic acid, polyolprepolymer-2, isopropyl myristate, polyoxyl 40 stearate, propylene glycol, stearyl alcohol, xanthan gum, sorbic acid, butylated hydroxytoluene, and purified water.
AVITA® Cream is indicated for topical application in the treatment of acne vulgaris. The safety and efficacy of this product in the treatment of other disorders have not been established.
Published Studies Related to Avita (Tretinoin)
Effect of Aloe vera topical gel combined with tretinoin in treatment of mild and
moderate acne vulgaris: a randomized, double-blind, prospective trial. 
CONCLUSION: The combination TR/AVG was well tolerated and significantly more
Tretinoin cyclodextrin complex (RA/CyD) causes less irritation with an equal
antiwrinkle effect compared with conventional tretinoin: clinical and histologic
studies of photoaged skin. 
the side effects compared with RA treatment alone... CONCLUSION: The findings show that RA and RA/CyD result in the equivalent
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, pilot study to assess the
efficacy and safety of clindamycin 1.2% and tretinoin 0.025% combination gel for
the treatment of acne rosacea over 12 weeks. 
rosacea after 12 weeks of usage... CONCLUSIONS: A combination gel of clindamycin phosphate 1.2% and tretinoin 0.025%
A randomized, double-blind, controlled comparative trial of the anti-aging
properties of non-prescription tri-retinol 1.1% vs. prescription tretinoin
Vitamin A and its derivatives (commonly termed retinoids) are widely used in
topical anti-aging products. Certain retinoids such as retinol and its esters are
available without a prescription, while others such as tretinoin are available
only via prescription... Subjects reported >93 percent overall satisfaction with
both products at weeks 8 and 12.
Further enhancement of facial appearance with a hydroquinone skin care system plus tretinoin in patients previously treated with botulinum toxin Type A. [2011.07]
BACKGROUND: A hydroquinone (HQ) skin care system has been designed for use in conjunction with nonsurgical procedures. OBJECTIVE: The authors evaluate the efficacy of this system plus tretinoin for improving facial appearance in comparison to a standard skin care regimen in users of botulinum toxin Type A (BoNT-A)... CONCLUSIONS: Adjunctive use of the HQ system plus tretinoin can further enhance the improvements in facial appearance attained with BoNT-A. Applying the HQ system plus tretinoin offers multiple clinical benefits over standard skin care, including significantly greater improvements in fine lines/wrinkles and hyperpigmentation.
Clinical Trials Related to Avita (Tretinoin)
Comparison of Retinol 1.0% and Tretinoin 0.02% in the Treatment of Moderate to Severe Photodamage and Wrinkles [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to assess the comparative efficacy of retinol 1. 0% and
tretinoin 0. 02% in minimizing wrinkles, discoloration, roughness, and other signs of
moderate to severe photodamage. Our hypothesis is that both products will be of comparable
Atralin Gel for the Treatment of Rosacea [Recruiting]
Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea is a type of rosacea that causes a red face often with
frequent flushing, topical sensitivity and prominent blood vessels. We think that long term
damage to skin from the sun (photodamage) may play a role in causing this type of rosacea.
Tretinoin is a topical medication that is known to improve photodamage. We want to find out
if Atralin (tretinoin 0. 05%) Gel used for up to 46 weeks will improve
erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR).
Single-Dose Postpartum Vitamin A Supplementation of Mothers and Neonates [Active, not recruiting]
The ZVITAMBO PROJECT is testing whether giving mothers and infants a single large dose of
vitamin A during the immediate post partum period will reduce:
1. Infant Mortality Can oral administration of a single 50,000 IU dose of vitamin A to
newborn infants, a single 400,000 IU dose of vitamin A given to their lactating mothers,
or supplementation of both the mother and infant during the immediate post partum period
reduce infant mortality by at least 30%?
2. Mother to Child HIV transmission during breast feeding Can oral administration of a
single large dose of vitamin A given during the immediate post partum period to HIV
seropositive lactating women and/or their babies reduce HIV transmission via breast
feeding by at least 30%?
3. Sexually transmitted HIV infection of post partum women Can a single 400,000 IU dose of
vitamin A given during the immediate post partum period to HIV seronegative women reduce
their likelihood of becoming HIV infected during the post partum year by at least 25%?
4. Infant feeding in the context of HIV: An operational research study was initiated
mid-way through the trial to determine how UNAIDS Guidelines on infant feeding in the
context of HIV could be effectively implemented and to measure the impact of such a
program on infant feeding practices and postnatal HIV transmission.
Random subsamples of maternal and infant blood were evaluated for anemia and iron status to
determine the effect of vitamin A on hematopoiesis and serum and breast milk retinol
(mothers) and modified relative dose response test (infants) to determine the effect of
vitamin A on vitamin A status.
A subsample of maternal and infant blood samples were evaluated for the presence of HLA-E,
HLA-G, and TAP polymorphisms and their relation to prevalent HIV infection in mothers and
risk of mother to child transmission.
Prevention of Drug Rash From Certain Cancer Therapies Using Tretinoin Cream [Recruiting]
This research is being done to study whether using of topical tretinoin can help prevent the
common rash that patients often get while taking epidermal growth factor inhibitor (EGFR-I)
medications such ascetuximab or erlotinib.
Patients taking EGFR-I medications often develop skin irritation and acne-like bumps on
their face, chest, and other areas. This rash from EGFR-I's is often treated with
moisturizers and topical or oral antibiotics. However, there has not yet been a study
looking at a way to prevent this common side effect from occurring, and topical tretinoin
may be useful in reducing the rash.
Tretinoin 0. 025% cream is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the
treatment of acne, acne scarring, and photodamage. It is not approved for use in preventing
rashes associated with EGFR-I's.
Vitamin A Supplementation for Modulation of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Immune Responses in Latent Tuberculosis [Not yet recruiting]
In populations with high prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI), malnutrition
(PEM) may influence incident rates of TB. PEM and specific micronutrient deficiencies
compromise cell mediated immunity (CMI) and increase susceptibility to, or severity of
infections. Vitamin A supplementation significantly reduces all-cause child mortality. The
mechanism of the benefits of supplementation on clinical outcomes is largely unknown, but is
likely to be related to an influence on the immune system. Vitamin A supplementation
promotes lymphogenesis and induces a higher proportion of CD4 naïve T-cells in children.
Most cases of LTBI that progress to active disease are vitamin A deficient. Vitamin A
deficiency is common in most TB endemic countries. At the MRC, 32% of TBCC contacts were
vitamin A deficient.
The investigators plan to test the hypotheses: that supplementation with vitamin A will
affect the magnitude and quality of immune responses to mycobacterial antigens and
progression to clinical disease.
PATIENT REVIEWS / RATINGS / COMMENTS
Based on a total of 19 ratings/reviews, Avita has an overall score of 7. The effectiveness score is 7.05 and the side effect score is 7.89. The scores are on ten point scale: 10 - best, 1 - worst. Below are selected reviews: the highest, the median and the lowest rated.
Avita review by 46 year old female patient
|Overall rating:|| || |
|Effectiveness:|| || Highly Effective|
|Side effects:|| || Mild Side Effects|
|Condition / reason:|| || HYPER PIGMENTATION, WRINKLES|
|Dosage & duration:|| || 0.5% (dosage frequency: nightly) for the period of 2 months - ongoing|
|Other conditions:|| || asthma|
|Other drugs taken:|| || salbutamol|
|Benefits:|| || After only three days of treatment my partner noticed a reduction in the hyperpigmentation, it took me about a month to notice these effects. Having used tretinoin now for two months the crepiness under my eyes is greatly reduced, there is undoubtedly a marked improvement in the texture of my skin and the hyperpigmentation is getting better every day.|
|Side effects:|| || Side effects were minor skin irritation especially in naso labial folds(itching, flaking and redness) and under eye area (slightly swollen on waking), however these symptoms were short lived and in the space of ten days disappeared altogether. There were a couple of occasions where i noticed small dry patches of skin which vanished in a couple of days.|
|Comments:|| || very simple really, wash and dry face at night, wait thirty minutes for face to dry completley, apply a pea sized amount of tretinoin avoiding corners of nose and eye lids.|
Avita review by 23 year old female patient
|Overall rating:|| || |
|Effectiveness:|| || Considerably Effective|
|Side effects:|| || Mild Side Effects|
|Condition / reason:|| || Acne|
|Dosage & duration:|| || .025% (dosage frequency: every night) for the period of 6 months|
|Other conditions:|| || sensitive skin|
|Other drugs taken:|| || none|
|Benefits:|| || There was decrease in my acne and my skin became considerably smoother.|
|Side effects:|| || Luckily I did not notice many side effects. I only experienced occasional flaky skin and a very slight stinging sensation.|
|Comments:|| || I used Tretinoin every night after cleansing my face. After cleansing, I waited 15-20 minutes (as my doctor had recommended) and applied about a dime size of the medication on my entire face. I made sure to use a sunscreen in the morning because Tretinoin makes the skin sensitive to sunlight.|
Avita review by 42 year old female patient
|Overall rating:|| || |
|Effectiveness:|| || Ineffective|
|Side effects:|| || No Side Effects|
|Condition / reason:|| || anti ageing|
|Dosage & duration:|| || daily (dosage frequency: twice a week) for the period of one month|
|Other conditions:|| || None|
|Other drugs taken:|| || None|
|Benefits:|| || Didn't really see any improvements but not sure if I am applying correct amount.|
|Side effects:|| || Some dry skin and flaking, which made make-up application difficult. Tried to exfoliate to which gave some improvement. Also, skin sensitivity after the initial peel of skin. Not sure if I will continue to use this product as I cannot see any improvement to fine lines.|
|Comments:|| || Daily application caused some irritation, so started to use is twice as week. Not sure if this is why I have seen little improvement.|