DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Atrovent HFA (Ipratropium Bromide Inhalation) - Summary

 
 



ATROVENT HFA SUMMARY

The active ingredient in ATROVENT HFA Inhalation Aerosol is ipratropium bromide.

ATROVENT HFA Inhalation Aerosol is indicated as a bronchodilator for maintenance treatment of bronchospasm associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema.


See all Atrovent HFA indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Atrovent HFA (Ipratropium Cation Inhalation)

Ipratropium bromide HFA. [2005]
Ipratropium bromide is a nonselective antagonist of the muscarinic receptors located on airway smooth muscle, and is delivered via a metered-dose inhaler (MDI). Because of the requirement to phase out chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)-propelled MDIs, the ipratropium bromide inhalation aerosol MDI has been redesigned with a hydrofluoroalkane as the propellant (ipratropium bromide HFA)...

Transport of ipratropium, an anti-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease drug, is mediated by organic cation/carnitine transporters in human bronchial epithelial cells: implications for carrier-mediated pulmonary absorption. [2010.02.01]
Ipratropium bromide, an anticholinergic drug used for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, has low oral bioavailability, but systemic exposure, superior to oral administration, can be achieved by inhalation. Therefore, we investigated the pulmonary absorption mechanism of ipratropium using human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells...

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Atrovent HFA (Ipratropium Cation Inhalation)

Effectiveness of Ipratropium Bromide in Preventing Exercise-induced Bronchoconstriction in Athletes [Not yet recruiting]
Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) is common and often unrecognized among endurance athletes. The mechanisms of asthma appear to be different between athletes and non-athletes, in that the occurrence of asthma is higher among endurance athletes and seems to be promoted by training. This suggests that factors inherent to athleticism, such as the parasympathetic nervous system, which has been shown to change with endurance training and is known to lead to narrowing of the airways, may be involved with the development of asthma in athletes. Although asthma mechanisms and treatments have been extensively studied in classic asthmatics, there is very limited data in athletes.

This will be a double-blind placebo-controlled study in which we plan to study 40 competitive endurance athletes. We will conduct an exercise test to evaluate maximal oxygen uptake and 2 exercise challenge tests to provoke EIA. Prior to the exercise challenge tests the athletes will randomly receive inhaled placebo or inhaled ipratropium bromide. We will compare the athletes' airway response to the exercise challenge with and without the active drug. We will also obtain a blood sample from all athletes to test for allergies and evaluate whether our results are affected by atopic predisposition.

If ipratropium bromide proves to prevent EIA in athletes, this drug may be more appropriate and effective than the currently used beta-2 agonists to target EIA in this population. The results of this study may lead to improved clinical management of athletes with asthma.

A Study to Look at Day to Day Changes in Lung Function in COPD Subjects Taking Albuterol/Salbutamol and Ipratropium [Recruiting]
The objective of this study is to assess the daily variation in bronchodilator response to an inhaled short acting beta2-agonist (albuterol/salbutamol) and an inhaled short acting anticholinergic (ipratropium) individually and when used in combination in subjects with COPD.

Acute Bronchodilator Response of a Single Dose of Atrovent or Berotec on Top of Pharmacodynamic Steady State of Spiriva [Completed]
To evalute acute effect of single dose of ipratropium (Atrovent) or fenoterol (Berotec) in comparison to placebo when given to COPD patients on pharmacodynamic steady state of tiotropium (Spiriva)

Effect of Ipratropium on Acute Bronchitis in Subjects Without Underlying Lung Disease [Completed]
ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions for acute bronchitis is a major public health concern because of antibiotic resistance. Effective therapies for managing the symptoms of acute bronchitis are lacking, however.

OBJECTIVE: Determine if patients with acute bronchitis have better symptom control when treated with inhaled ipratropium.

DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: COUGH STOP was a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trial comparing ipratropium with placebo in acute bronchitis. Subjects were referred by their primary care provider or from urgent care clinics at a single institution. Subjects had been diagnosed with acute bronchitis and had no significant co-morbidities.

INTERVENTION: Subjects received ipratropium or placebo inhalers, administering 2 puffs four times daily. A structured telephone interview took place 2, 4, and 8 days after enrollment. Medical records were reviewed at 60 days.

OUTCOME: The primary endpoint was improvement in cough symptomology; secondary endpoints included subsequent antibiotic prescriptions and “well being. ” RESULTS: The ipratropium arm improved significantly (better: 57. 6% day-2, 68. 3% day-4, 91. 9% day-8; c2 (1) = 21. 24, p < .01) across the 8 days of the telephone survey. This score improved over the same time period in the placebo arm, however the change was smaller and the difference was not significant (better: 64. 8% day-2, 74. 6% day-4, 79. 7% day-8; c2 (1) = 4. 69, p =.321). More than twice as many subjects in the placebo arm received subsequent antibiotic prescriptions compared to the ipratropium arm (12 vs. 5 respectively), this trend did not meet the threshold of significance (c2 (1) = 2. 84, p =.076).

CONCLUSION: Patients with acute bronchitis who are otherwise healthy have a more rapid improvement in their cough symptom score when they are treated with ipratropium, and may be at decreased risk of unnecessary antibiotic exposure.

Tiotropium Inhalation Capsules and Atrovent MDI Comparison Trial in Taiwan [Completed]
The objective of this study is to compare the bronchodilator efficacy and safety of tiotropium inhalation capsules (18 mcg once daily) and Atrovent MDI (2 puffs of 20 mcg q. i.d.) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Atrovent HFA (Ipratropium Cation Inhalation) Side Effects

Death (3)Dizziness (3)Dyspnoea (3)Dysgeusia (3)Fear (2)Oropharyngeal Pain (2)Oral Discomfort (2)Drug Effect Decreased (2)Tremor (2)Oral Pain (2)more >>


Page last updated: 2010-10-05

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2012