DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Atropine (Atropine Sulfate) - Indications and Dosage

 
 



INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Atropine Sulfate Injection, USP, is indicated when excessive (or sometimes normal) muscarinic effects are judged to be life threatening or are producing symptoms severe enough to call for temporary, reversible muscarinic blockade. Examples, not an exhaustive list, of such possible uses are: (1) as an antisialoagogue when reduction of secretions of the respiratory tract are thought to be needed; its routine use as a preanesthetic agent is discouraged, (2) to blunt the increased vagal tone (decreased pulse and blood pressure) produced by intra-abdominal traction or ocular muscle traction, its routine use to prevent such events is discouraged, (3) to temporarily increase heart rate or decrease AV-block until definitive intervention can take place, when bradycardias or AV-block are judged to be hemodynamically significant and thought to be due to excess vagal tone, (4) as an antidote for inadvertent overdose of cholinergic drugs or for cholinesterase poisoning such as from organophosphorus insecticides, (5) as an antidote for the “rapid” type of mushroom poisoning due to the presence of the alkaloid, muscarine, in certain species of fungus such as Amanita muscaria, and (6) to alleviate the muscarinic side effects of anticholinesterase drugs used for reversal of neuromuscular blockade.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Atropine Sulfate Injection, USP in the Ansyr Syringe is intended for intravenous use, but may be administered subcutaneously or intramuscularly. Its use usually requires titration, using heart rate, PR interval, blood pressure and/or patient’s symptoms as a guide for having reached an appropriate dose.

Adults

Initial single doses in adults vary from around 0.5 mg to 1 mg (5-10 mL of the 0.1 mg/mL solution for antisialagogue and other antivagal effects, to 2 to 3 mg (20-30 mL) of the 0.1 mg/mL solution) as an antidote for organophosporous or muscarinic mushroom poisoning. When used as an antidote, the 2 to 3 mg dose should be repeated no less often than every 20 to 30 minutes until the signs of poisoning are sufficiently lessened or signs of atropine poisoning (see ADVERSE REACTIONS and OVERDOSAGE) occur.

When the recurrent use of atropine is essential in patients with coronary artery disease, the total dose should be restricted to 2 to 3 mg (maximum 0.03 to 0.04 mg/kg) to avoid the detrimental effects of atropine-induced tachycardia on myocardial oxygen demand. For patients with bradyasystolic cardiac arrest, a 1 mg dose of atropine is administered intravenously and is repeated every 3-5 minutes if asystole persists. Three milligrams (0.04 mg/kg) given I.V. is a fully vagolytic dose in most patients. The administration of this dose of atropine should be reserved for patients with bradyasystolic cardiac arrest. Administration of less than 0.5 mg can produce a paradoxical bradycardia because of the central or peripheral parasympathomimetic effects of low doses in adults.

Endotracheal administration of atropine can be used in patients without I.V. access. The recommended adult dose of atropine for endotracheal administration is 1 to 2 mg diluted to a total not to exceed 10 mL of sterile water or normal saline.

Titration intervals of one or two hours are recommended in circumstances that are not life-threatening.

Pediatrics

Dosing information in pediatric populations has not been well studied. Usage history of initial dose has been in the range of 0.01 to 0.03 mg/kg body weight.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and/or discoloration prior to administration (see PRECAUTIONS).

HOW SUPPLIED

Atropine Sulfate Injection, USP is supplied in single-dose containers as follows:

List No.

Container

Size

Conc.

Total Content (Atropine)

9629

Ansyr®

5 mL

0.1 mg/mL

0.5 mg

Plastic

(Adult)

Syringe

1630

Ansyr®

10 mL

0.1 mg/mL

1 mg

Plastic

(Adult)

Syringe

9630

Ansyr®

5 mL

0.05 mg/mL

0.25 mg

Plastic

(Pediatric)

Syringe

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F).

©Hospira 2004

EN-0107

Printed in USA

HOSPIRA, INC., LAKE FOREST, IL 60045 USA

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2014