Media Articles Related to Astramorph (Morphine Epidural)
Hormones Might Offer Relief From Chronic Pain, Small Study Suggests
Source: Yahoo Health News [2014.03.08]
SATURDAY, March 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A combination of two hormones might make a difference in reducing suffering in people with chronic pain, according to a small, preliminary study. Seven of 9 patients reported a 30 percent to 40 percent d...
Extra Weight Adds $$ to Chest Pain Treatment
Source: MedPage Today Cardiovascular [2014.03.06]
(MedPage Today) -- Among patients showing up in the emergency department with chest pain and dyspnea, those carrying extra weight tended to incur higher costs and have longer hospital stays, researchers found.
New research points to talking-therapy treatments to manage osteoarthritis pain
Source: Arthritis / Rheumatology News From Medical News Today [2014.03.05]
Scientists have shown for the first time that the abnormalities in the way the brain experiences pain may be to blame for the chronic pain suffered by osteoarthritis patients.
New approach to breast reconstruction surgery reduces opioid painkiller use, hospital stays
Source: Breast Cancer News From Medical News Today [2014.03.05]
A new approach to breast reconstruction surgery aimed at helping patients' bodies get back to normal more quickly cut their postoperative opioid painkiller use in half and meant a day less in the hospital on average, a Mayo Clinic study found.
Researchers find link between chronic pain and heart disease
Source: Cardiovascular / Cardiology News From Medical News Today [2014.03.05]
Elderly people who have chronic muscle pain are at a significantly increased risk of having heart disease - researchers at Teesside University have found.Almost half of elderly people who have suffered chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) go on to suffer cardiovascular disease (CVD), researchers suggest.
Published Studies Related to Astramorph (Morphine Epidural)
Ropivacaine Continuous Wound Infusion Versus Epidural Morphine for Postoperative Analgesia After Cesarean Delivery: A Randomized Controlled Trial. [2011.10.24]
Background:The infusion of local anesthetic in the surgical wound is helpful in the multimodal management of postoperative pain. We hypothesized that local anesthetic wound infusion after cesarean delivery would provide better pain control than epidural morphine analgesia.Methods:Healthy, term women scheduled for elective cesarean delivery were included in this assessor-blinded, randomized study...
Prior epidural lidocaine alters the pharmacokinetics and drug effects of extended-release epidural morphine (DepoDur(R)) after cesarean delivery. [2011.08]
BACKGROUND: A potential physicochemical interaction between epidural local anesthetics and extended-release epidural morphine (EREM) could negate the sustained release. In this study, we sought to determine the pharmacokinetic and drug effects of prior epidural lidocaine administration on EREM... CONCLUSION: A large dose of epidural lidocaine 1 hour before EREM administration alters the pharmacokinetics and drug effects of EREM. Clinicians must apply caution when EREM is administered even 1 hour after an epidural lidocaine "top-up" for cesarean delivery.
A comparison of epidural morphine with low dose bupivacaine versus epidural morphine alone on motor and respiratory function in dogs following splenectomy. [2011.05]
OBJECTIVE: To compare post-operative motor function in dogs that received epidural morphine and low dose bupivacaine versus epidural morphine alone following splenectomy... This combination can be used without concern of motor paralysis in healthy animals.
Higher postoperative pain and increased morphine consumption follow pre- rather than post-incisional single dose epidural morphine. [2011.04]
BACKGROUND: Neuraxial administration of morphine is an effective way of controlling postoperative pain and reducing analgesic consumption. Some animal models have demonstrated that preemptive administration of neuraxial narcotics reduces pain, while others have revealed the contrary. In addition, there have been no consistent results in clinical settings. This double-blind, randomized study compared the effects of pre- vs. post-incisional administration of neuraxial morphine on postoperative pain perception and analgesic requirements over 48 hours following laparotomy for open colectomy under standardized general anesthesia... CONCLUSION: Pre-incisional epidural morphine in patients undergoing open colonic surgery under general anesthesia was associated with more postoperative pain, a greater need for analgesics, and poorer patient satisfaction compared to post-incisional morphine administration.
Analgesia and pulmonary function after lung surgery: is a single intercostal nerve block plus patient-controlled intravenous morphine as effective as patient-controlled epidural anaesthesia? A randomized non-inferiority clinical trial. [2011.04]
BACKGROUND: Thoracic epidural anaesthesia (EDA) is regarded as the 'gold standard' for postoperative pain control and restoration of pulmonary function after lung surgery. Easier, less time-consuming, and, perhaps, safer is intercostal nerve block performed under direct vision by the surgeon before closure of the thoracotomy combined with postoperative i.v. patient-controlled analgesia with morphine. We hypothesized that this technique is as effective as thoracic EDA... CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing lung surgery, single intercostal nerve block plus i.v. patient-controlled analgesia with morphine is not as effective as patient-controlled EDA with respect to pain control and restoration of pulmonary function.
Clinical Trials Related to Astramorph (Morphine Epidural)
Efficacy and Safety of Intranasal Morphine for Pain After Third Molar Extraction [Completed]
This study involves approximately 200 patients designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety
of intranasal (IN) morphine 7. 5 mg and 15 mg, intravenous morphine (IV) 7. 5 mg, immediate
release oral (PO) morphine 60 mg or placebo in patients with acute postsurgical pain
following third molar extraction.
Intrathecal Morphine in Knee Arthroplasty [Completed]
This study is designed to explore the efficacy lower doses of intra-spinal morphine for pain
relief and side effect profiles of same in the setting of Total Knee Replacement. We
hypothesized that a dose greater than that used in Total Hip Replacement was needed and
wished to find a dose which was effective but had a low side effect profile.
Efficacy and Safety of Intranasal Morphine for Pain After Bunion Surgery [Completed]
Study designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Intranasal (IN) Morphine Nasal Spray
(MNS075) 3. 75 mg, 7. 5 mg, 15 mg, and 30 mg, intravenous (IV) morphine 7. 5 mg, or IN placebo
in patients with moderate to severe post-surgical pain following orthopedic surgery. After
initial dosing, up to six (6) doses of IN MNS075 7. 5 mg or 15 mg for up to twenty-four (24)
hours will be evaluated. The rescue dose remained the same for each.
A Study of Kadian NT in Subjects With Pain Due to Osteoarthritis of the Hip or Knee [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of Kadian NT compared with placebo for
treating moderate to severe chronic pain over a 12 week period.
INFUSE Morphine Study [Completed]
Double-blind study comparing the pharmacokinetics, safety and tolerability of morphine
administered subcutaneously (SC) with and without human recombinant hyaluronidase (HYLENEX)
and intravenously conducted in patients in a hospice care setting or through a palliative
care medicine setting. In this within-patient controlled study, each eligible study patient
receives a single injection by each of the three methods of morphine administration,
sequentially on three consecutive days, according to the order specified by a randomization
Each of the three injections consists of 5 mg of morphine (1. 0 mL of 5 mg/mL solution). The
HYLENEX injection will be 1 mL of 150 units. Although the IV administration will not be
blinded, the two SC injections will be double-blinded, using the same volume of normal saline
(0. 9% sodium chloride) placebo (1. 0 mL) as HYLENEX.