WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
Hypersensitivity or allergic/anaphylactoid reactions may occur with the use of ARTISS. Cases (<1/10,000) have been reported in post marketing experience with Baxter's fibrin sealant (see ADVERSE REACTIONS, Post Marketing). In specific cases, these reactions have progressed to severe anaphylaxis. Such reactions may especially be seen if ARTISS is applied repeatedly over time or in the same setting, or if systemic aprotinin has been administered previously. Even if the first treatment was well tolerated, a subsequent administration of ARTISS or systemic aprotinin may not exclude the occurrence of an allergic reaction. Symptoms associated with allergic anaphylactic reactions include: flush, urticaria, pruritus, nausea, drop in blood pressure, tachycardia or bradycardia, dyspnea, severe hypotension and anaphylactic shock. Such reactions may also occur in patients receiving ARTISS for the first time.
Discontinue administration of ARTISS in the event of hypersensitivity reactions. Remove the already applied, polymerized product from the surgical field. Mild reactions can be managed with antihistamines. Severe hypotensive reactions require immediate intervention using current principles of shock therapy.
Apply ARTISS as a thin layer. Excessive clot thickness may negatively interfere with the product's efficacy and the wound healing process.
Air or gas embolism has occurred with the use of spray devices employing pressure regulator to administer fibrin sealants. This event appears to be related to the use of the spray device at higher than recommended pressures and in close proximity to the tissue surface.
When applying ARTISS using a spray device, be sure to use the pressure within the pressure range recommended by the spray device manufacturer. In the absence of a specific recommendation avoid using pressure above 20-25 psi. Do not spray closer than the distance recommended by the spray device manufacturer. In the absence of a specific recommendation avoid spraying closer than 10-15 cm from the surface of the tissue. When spraying ARTISS, changes in blood pressure, pulse, oxygen saturation and end tidal CO2 should be monitored because of the possibility of occurrence of air or gas embolism.
The sealer protein and thrombin solutions can be denatured by alcohol, iodine or heavy metal ions (e.g. antiseptic solutions). If any of these substances have been used to clean the wound area, the area must be thoroughly rinsed before application of ARTISS and made as dry as possible.
Infection Risk from Human Plasma
ARTISS is made from human plasma. Products made from human plasma may contain infectious agents, such as viruses, that can cause disease. The risk that such products will transmit an infectious agent has been reduced by screening plasma donors for prior exposure to certain viruses, by testing for the presence of certain current virus infections, and by inactivating and removing certain viruses (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Other Clinical Pharmacology Information). Despite these measures, such products can still potentially transmit disease. Because this product is made from human blood, it may carry a risk of transmitting infectious agents, e.g., viruses, and theoretically, the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) agent. This also applies to unknown or emerging viruses or other pathogens. All infections thought by a physician possibly to have been transmitted by this product should be reported by the physician or other healthcare provider to Baxter Healthcare Corporation, telephone # 1-866-888-2472.
Some viruses, such as parvovirus B19, are particularly difficult to remove or inactivate at this time. Parvovirus B19 most seriously affects pregnant women (fetal infection), immune-compromised individuals or individuals with an increased erythropoiesis (e.g., hemolytic anemia) (see
USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS, Pregnancy (8.1)
PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION).
USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
Pregnancy Category C
Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with ARTISS. It is also not known whether ARTISS can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Some viruses, such as parvovirus B19, are particularly difficult to remove or inactivate at this time. Parvovirus B19 most seriously affects pregnant women (fetal infection) . ARTISS should be given to a pregnant woman only if deemed medically necessary.
It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when ARTISS is administered to a lactating woman.
In a clinical trial ARTISS, the efficacy and safety of ARTISS in pediatric patients (1 to 16 years of age) was not different from an adult population.
Clinical studies of ARTISS did not include any subjects aged 65 and over.